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Amira › Comments

"There is no time for anything inessential". Oliver Sacks on Learning He Has Terminal Cancer
"I feel a sudden clear focus and perspective. There is no time for anything inessential. I must focus on myself, my work and my friends. (...) My generation is on the way out, and each death I have felt as an abruption, a tearing away of part of myself. There will be no one like us when we are gone, but then there is no one like anyone else, ever. When people die, they cannot be replaced. They leave holes that cannot be filled, for it is the fate — the genetic and neural fate — of every human being to be a unique individual, to find his own path, to live his own life, to die his own death. I cannot pretend I am without fear. But my predominant feeling is one of gratitude. I have loved and been loved; I have been given much and I have given something in return; I have read and traveled and thought and written. (...) Above all, I have been a sentient being, a thinking animal, on this beautiful planet, and that in itself has been an enormous privilege and adventure." - Amira
Such a heartbreaking yet inspirational article. - Stephen Mack from iPhone
Social networks in primates: smart and tolerant species have more efficient networks | Nature
"Network optimality has been described in genes, proteins and human communicative networks. In the latter, optimality leads to the efficient transmission of information with a minimum number of connections. Whilst studies show that differences in centrality exist in animal networks with central individuals having higher fitness, network efficiency has never been studied in animal groups. Here we studied 78 groups of primates (24 species). We found that group size and neocortex ratio were correlated with network efficiency. Centralisation (whether several individuals are central in the group) and modularity (how a group is clustered) had opposing effects on network efficiency, showing that tolerant species have more efficient networks. Such network properties affecting individual fitness could be shaped by natural selection. Our results are in accordance with the social brain and cultural intelligence hypotheses, which suggest that the importance of network efficiency and information flow through social learning relates to cognitive abilities." (...) - Amira
"Species with frequent opportunities for information transmission and social learning should more readily respond to selection for managing social relationships. As for cultural complexity, species with more efficient networks should show higher cognitive abilities55, 60. Future work that manipulates social network efficiency (by modifying individual centralities, information or disease... more... - Amira
What neuroscience is learning from code-breakers and thieves | NAUTILUS
"It’s hard to imagine an encryption machine more sophisticated than the human brain. This three-pound blob of tissue holds an estimated 86 billion neurons, cells that rapidly fire electrical pulses in split-second response to whatever stimuli our bodies encounter in the external environment. Each neuron, in turn, has thousands of spindly branches that reach out to nodes, called synapses, which transmit those electrical messages to other cells. Somehow the brain interprets this impossibly noisy code, allowing us to effectively respond to an ever-changing world. (...) The Penn scientists have taken their cues from a 73-year-old algorithm that British code-breaker Alan Turing used to read secret German messages during World War II, and a mathematical sequence more famously used to break into digital keypad locks on cars. “Neurons extract information from the world and put it in code,” says Joshua Gold, an associate professor of neuroscience at the University of Pennsylvania. “There’s got... more... - Amira
"It turns out to be a great insight for how the brain assembles evidence to make decisions,” Shadlen says. Many neurons in the outer layers of the brain are selective, meaning that they fire in response to specific stimuli. Some neurons in the visual cortex, for example, fire when objects in our visual field are moving toward the left, whereas others fire when objects are moving toward... more... - Amira
Bacterial Stigmergy: An Organising Principle of Multicellular Collective Behaviours of Bacteria by Erin S. Gloag, Lynne Turnbull, and Cynthia B. Whitchurch | The ithree Institute, University of Technology Sydney
Abstract: "The self-organisation of collective behaviours often manifests as dramatic patterns of emergent large-scale order. This is true for relatively “simple” entities such as microbial communities and robot “swarms,” through to more complex self-organised systems such as those displayed by social insects, migrating herds, and many human activities. The principle of stigmergy describes those self-organised phenomena that emerge as a consequence of indirect communication between individuals of the group through the generation of persistent cues in the environment. Interestingly, despite numerous examples of multicellular behaviours of bacteria, the principle of stigmergy has yet to become an accepted theoretical framework that describes how bacterial collectives self-organise. Here we review some examples of multicellular bacterial behaviours in the context of stigmergy with the aim of bringing this powerful and elegant self-organisation principle to the attention of the microbial research community." - Amira
Scrolls that were damaged, but not destroyed, in the eruption of Mount Vesuvius may now be read for the first time in nearly two millennia
"The estate's library was stocked with texts by prominent thinkers of the day. (...) The 1,800 scrolls were found some 260 years ago buried in the Villa dei Papiri in the ancient Roman city of Herculaneum, which was destroyed alongside Pompeii in the catastrophic eruption. Though the scrolls survived, volcanic gases carbonised the papyrus, making them extremely brittle. Attempts to unroll the scrolls would cause them to crumble. (...) The technique they have used is X-ray phase-contrast tomography. This monitors the changes in the phase -- that is, the speed -- of an X-ray beam as it passes through material. When the radiation beam passed through the ink, the change was faint, but detectable. (...) The team believes this is a good first step into one day reading these scrolls more fully, since the experiment was intended merely as a proof of concept, and can be fine-tuned -- perhaps using the more sensitive grating interferometry imaging technique rather than XPCT. "The impact of our... more... - Amira
"Anybody who focuses on the ancient world is always going to be excited to get even one paragraph, one chapter, more," says Roger Macfarlane, a classicist at Brigham Young University in Utah. "The prospect of getting hundreds of books more is staggering." Most of the scrolls that have been unwrapped so far are Epicurean philosophical texts written by Philodemus—prose and poetry that had... more... - Amira
Merry Christmas everyone! ;-)
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Merry Christmas :) - Eivind
Merry Christmas. Amira! Thank you for sharing your gorgeous Christmas tree again. :-) - Maitani
Merry Christmas :) - jose manuel
Thank you! Merry Christmas Eivind, Maitani and Jose! :-) - Amira
Merry Christmas, Amira :-) - Sepi ⌘ سپی
Merry Christmas, Sepi! :-) - Amira
bellissimo, issimo - obe
'Any monopoly eventually destroys itself, and Switzerland, in predictable fashion, is corroding from within'
Jim Rogers in 2013: "In the late 1970s when everyone was rushing to the franc, the Swiss National Bank, to stem the tide, imposed negative interest rates on foreign depositors. The government levied a tax on anybody who bought the currency. It was their form of exchange controls back then. If you bought 100 Swiss francs, you wound up with 70 in your pocket. Today, with the rush on again, The Economist has described the Swiss currency as "an innocent bystander in a world where the eurozone's politicians have failed to sort out their sovereign-debt crisis, America's economic policy seems intent on spooking investors and the Japanese have intervened to hold down the value of the yen." All of which is true, but I think the problem runs deeper than that. The Swiss for decades had a semi monopoly on finance. And as a result they have become less and less competent. The entire economy has been overprotected. The reason Swiss Air went bankrupt is because it never really had to compete. Any... more... - Amira
Cameron wants to ban encryption – he can say goodbye to digital Britain
"Online shopping, banking and messaging all use encryption. Cameron either knows his anti-terror talk is unworkable and is looking for headlines, or he hasn’t got a clue. (...) On Monday David Cameron managed a rare political treble: he proposed a policy that is draconian, stupid and economically destructive. The prime minister made comments widely interpreted as proposing a ban on end-to-end encryption in messages – the technology that protects online communications, shopping, banking, personal data and more. (...) It would spell the end of e-commerce, private online communications and any hope of the UK having any cybersecurity whatsoever." "David Cameron doesn't understand technology very well, so he doesn't actually know what he's asking for. For David Cameron's proposal to work, he will need to stop Britons from installing software that comes from software creators who are out of his jurisdiction. The very best in secure communications are already free/open source projects,... more... - Amira
"This, then, is what David Cameron is proposing: * All Britons' communications must be easy for criminals, voyeurs and foreign spies to intercept * Any firms within reach of the UK government must be banned from producing secure software * All major code repositories, such as Github and Sourceforge, must be blocked * Search engines must not answer queries about web-pages that carry... more... - Amira
“It reminds me of that quote from Benjamin Franklin: ‘Those who surrender freedom for security will not have, nor do they deserve, either one.’” - Amira
Christmas Tree 2014
Merry Christmas, Maitani! :) - Jenny H. from Android
Merry Christmas to you too, Jenny! :-) - Maitani
Merry Christmas! - Greg GuitarBuster
Merry Christmas, Greg! - Maitani
Merry Christmas! - Son of Groucho
Merry Christmas Maitani :-) - Sepi ⌘ سپی
Merry Christmas, Maitani! - Anne Bouey
Merry Christmas, Gordon, Sepi, and Anne! :-) - Maitani
Merry Christmas :) - Eivind from Android
Eivind! Merry Christmas, I hope the two of you are having a wonderful holiday season. :-) - Maitani
Maitani Good happy new year and merry christmas - ramazan cekic
Merry Christmas, dear Maitani! - mina_sydney from iPhone
A Christmas tree with real candles! Beautiful! :-) - Amira
Merry Christmas, Mina and Ramazan! - Maitani
Thank you, Amira. In our family we always have had real candles. :-) - Maitani
Maitani çok merci merry christmas - ramazan cekic
RIP Paco de Lucia (1947-2014) -- Entre dos Aguas -
RIP Paco de Lucia (1947-2014) -- Entre dos Aguas
“You must have enough technical dominion to forget about it. That is when you can begin to express yourself.” --obit - Adriano
where are you Amira? we missed your beatiful feeds:) - Kamil
I will back in the New Year :-) - Amira
Stephen Mack
I was in the library the other day -- I saw the weirdest thing. This guy comes up to the circulation desk, and he's all, "I'd like a cheeseburger and fries please!" And so the librarian says, "Sir! This is a library!" The guy turns pale. "Sorry! Sorry!" *whispers* "I'd like a cheeseburger and fries please."
(via my friend Elizabeth.) - Stephen Mack
(Pic via Soup's post, , which reminded me of the joke) - Stephen Mack from iPhone
I saw this ad a few years ago... :-) - Amira
Parisian Apartment Sealed Since 1942 Was Opened and Treasure Was Found Inside -
Parisian Apartment Sealed Since 1942 Was Opened and Treasure Was Found Inside
Parisian Apartment Sealed Since 1942 Was Opened and Treasure Was Found Inside
Parisian Apartment Sealed Since 1942 Was Opened and Treasure Was Found Inside
"Madame de Florian was a French socialite and actress who fled to the south of France during World War II. She kept her apartment in Paris on the Right Bank near the Opéra Garnier, though, in case she wanted to return. However, she never went back to it after the war. Since 1942, the apartment has been sitting untouched, until recently when an auctioneer entered her apartment. What he found was a time capsule, full of treasures. (...) The apartment is like a history lesson, showing what life was like during that time in Paris. Inside, a painting by Giovanni Boldini was found, a portrait of the apartment’s owner herself Madame de Florian. Stepping into this apartment is like stepping into history. The apartment was able to remain abandoned and untouched because Madame de Florian continued paying the rent until her death in 2010 at the age of 91. Despite paying the rent, she never returned." - Amira from Bookmarklet
wow... - Technology Spot
" Alfred Joseph Frueh (1880-1968) was a cartoonist and illustrator, who was probably best known for his caricatures of theater personalities appearing in The New Yorker from 1925 to 1962. In addition, he was also a creator of paper sculptures, pop-ups, cut-outs and toy animals. Frueh (pronounced "free") began his career working in the art department of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch until 1908. After studying in Europe, he settled in New York, and began a tenure with The World. In 1913, he married Giuliette Fanciulli while on assignment in Europe, and they resettled in New York a year later. While on assignments for The World, he would often write illustrated letters to his wife and family. These and other printed materials, artworks and photographs documenting his notable career, are contained in the Smithsonian's Archives of American Art. The 3D illustrated letter seen above, is designed to inform his wife about the details of an art gallery before her visit, and it was included in the... more... - Amira from Bookmarklet
very nice... - Technology Spot
Hidden sheet music in Hieronymus Bosch triptych recorded by blogger | Art and design | The Guardian -
Hidden sheet music in Hieronymus Bosch triptych recorded by blogger | Art and design | The Guardian
Hidden sheet music in Hieronymus Bosch triptych recorded by blogger | Art and design | The Guardian
"An enterprising blogger has recorded a piece of music hidden in Hieronymus Bosch’s painting The Garden of Earthly Delights, bringing to life a series of notes that originally appeared on the backside of one of Bosch’s sinners. Posting on her Tumblr, a self-described “huge nerd” called Amelia explained that she and a friend had been examining a copy of Bosch’s famous triptych, which was painted around the year 1500. “[We] discovered, much to our amusement,” she wrote. “[a] 600-years-old butt song from Hell.” Once zoomed-in, the object of Amelia’s interest is clear: Bosch left sheet music “written upon the posterior of one of the many tortured denizens of the rightmost panel of the painting”. (...) While music and musical instruments are major motifs of his masterwork, which has long been on display in Madrid, these are often interpreted as symbols of pleasure, lust or the notoriously naughty habits of travelling minstrels." - Amira from Bookmarklet
does it sound like the Dead Can Dance version? - Adriano
Beethoven String Quartet Op. 131 No. 14 played by Brentano String Quartet -
Beethoven String Quartet Op. 131 No. 14 played by Brentano String Quartet
"Grammy nomination for 'Best engineered album (Classical)' Original Sountrack Excerpt of ' A Late Quartet' with Philip Seymour Hoffman, Christopher Walken and Catherine Keener. Brentano String Quartet: Mark Steinberg, Serena Canin (violins) Misha Amory (viola) Nina Maria Lee (cello) Founded in 1992, the New York-based Brentano Quartet is known for its interpretations combining perfect technique and matchless musicality. Those qualities are even more obvious in this series of late Beethoven quartets with this first volume bringing together the Op. 127 and 131. This pure crystal of intelligence and brilliance will doubtless constitute a milestone." - Amira from Bookmarklet
Extremely Detailed Close-Ups of Van Gogh’s Masterpieces -
Extremely Detailed Close-Ups of Van Gogh’s Masterpieces
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"The Google Art Project is a collaboration with museums large and small, classic and modern, world-renowned and community-based from over 40 countries. Together they have contributed more than 40,000 high-resolution images of works ranging from oil on canvas to sculpture and furniture. Some paintings (like The Starry Night) are available in ‘gigapixel’ format, allowing you to zoom in at brushstroke level to examine and appreciate the incredible detail of these masterpieces. In addition to the high-resolution images, each artwork also features expertly-narrated videos, audio guides, viewing notes, detailed information, maps and more. It’s a remarkable online resource and one that’s worth exploring. Below you will find a small selection of the 150+ featured artworks of Dutch post-Impressionist, Vincent Van Gogh. I selected paintings that were available to view in very high-resolution so I could zoom in extremely close-up and capture the brush stroke details." - Amira from Bookmarklet
Facebook Is About to Lose 80% of Its Users, Study Says "Social media is like a disease that spreads, and then dies" | TIME -
Facebook Is About to Lose 80% of Its Users, Study Says "Social media is like a disease that spreads, and then dies" | TIME
"Facebook’s growth will eventually come to a quick end, much like an infectious disease that spreads rapidly and suddenly dies, say Princeton researchers who are using diseases to model the life cycles of social media. (...) Basically, Facebook users will lose interest in Facebook over time as their peers lose interest — if the model is correct. ”Ideas, like diseases, have been shown to spread infectiously between people before eventually dying out, and have been successfully described with epidemiological models,” write the researchers." - Amira from Bookmarklet
Economic complexity: Charts of economic development: a fantastic journey (infographic) -
Economic complexity: Charts of economic development: a fantastic journey (infographic)
Economic complexity: Charts of economic development: a fantastic journey (infographic)
"Venezuelan economist Ricardo Hausmann and Chilean physicist César Hidalgo, in a joint effort of Harvard University and the Massachutes Institute of Technology MIT, draw a new world map of economic adventure, and suggest the Earth may not be flat. (...) The world is full of economies with different degrees of complexity. As Hidalgo likes to put it: the world is unequal in its diversity. Some countries produce a few simple goods, while others manufacture many different and complex ones. Every single product carries specific knowledge embedded -or "capabilities". The interplay of capabilities can bring about combinations that prompt, rather, cell phone manufacturing from tree felling, as was the proverbial case of Nokia. To get behind this magic, Hausmann and his coworkers created the model of Product Space and the Economic Complexity Index: based on trade data and complexity theory a graphic representation was produced, akin a neuronal web, to reflect the productive knowledge of each country. The aim is no other than to chart the paths to development." - Amira from Bookmarklet
US polar vortex: the best pictures | The Guardian -
US polar vortex: the best pictures | The Guardian
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"The most extreme weather in decades has swept across North America, sending the mercury plummeting and causing chaos – but also creating stunning pictures." - Amira from Bookmarklet
Keith Jarrett plays Somewhere Over the Rainbow
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"Keith Jarrett (born May 8, 1945) is an American pianist and composer who performs both jazz and classical music. His younger brother Chris Jarrett is also active as composer-pianist and resides in Germany. Jarrett started his career with Art Blakey, moving on to play with Charles Lloyd and Miles Davis. Since the early 1970s he has enjoyed a great deal of success as a group leader and a solo performer in jazz, jazz fusion, and classical music. His improvisations draw from the traditions of jazz and other genres, especially Western classical music, gospel, blues, and ethnic folk music." - Amira
“And now we welcome the new year, full of things that have never been” ― Rainer Maria Rilke
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"There was a smell of Time in the air tonight. He smiled and turned the fancy in his mind. There was a thought. What did time smell like? Like dust and clocks and people. And if you wondered what Time sounded like it sounded like water running in a dark cave and voices crying and dirt dropping down upon hollow box lids, and rain. And, going further, what did Time look like? Time look like snow dropping silently into a black room or it looked like a silent film in an ancient theater, 100 billion faces falling like those New Year balloons, down and down into nothing. That was how Time smelled and looked and sounded. And tonight-Tomas shoved a hand into the wind outside the truck-tonight you could almost taste time." ― Ray Bradbury (The Martian Chronicles) - Amira
Wojciech Kilar (17 July 1932 – 29 December 2013) was a Polish classical and film music composer. "Although he cited his first love as writing symphonies and concertos, he won worldwide attention as a film composer, writing scores for more than 130 films and working with celebrity directors such as Jane Campion (Portrait of a Lady) and Francis Ford Coppola's Dracula, for which Kilar received the ASCAP Award 1992 from the American Society of Composers, Authors, and Producers in Los Angeles and the prize for best score in a horror film in San Francisco in 1992, and Polanski's The Ninth Gate. // (...) His compositions ranged from the avant-garde Riff62, to soaring choral works such as 1981's Exodus (used in the trailer for Schindler's List) and Magnificat (2006). (...) In Poland, he was known for working with three influential Polish film directors: Andrzej Wajda, Krzysztof Kieslowski, and Krzysztof Zanussi. (...) In 2003, he received a Bafta nomination for his work on The Pianist. (...)" - Amira
Ziemia obiecana (Land of Promise) // Wojciech Kilar — Tango (from Salto) // A Woman's Decision - Amira
Merry Christmas! :-)
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Merry Xmas :) - Eivind from Android
Merry Christmas Eivind! :-) - Amira
Merry Christmas, Amira! - Maitani
Wouldn't want to miss your Christmas tree! :-) - Maitani
haha with a dedication for you, Maitani :-) - Amira
Merry Christmas!! :) - etesien
Merry Christmas, Amira! - jose manuel
Merry Christmas etesien and Jose! :-) - Amira
Merry Christmas! - John (bird whisperer)
Merry Christmas John! :-) - Amira
Christmas Tree 2013
Merry Christmas, Maitani. - Greg GuitarBuster
Merry Christmas, Greg! - Maitani
Frohe Weihnachten, Maitani! :) - Jenny H. from Android
Dasselbe wünsche ich dir, Jenny! :-) - Maitani
Merry Christmas, Maitani*.★* - mina_sydney
Merry Christmas, Maitani! - Stephan from iPhone
Merry Christmas, Mina! :-) - Maitani
Frohe Weihnachten, Stephan! - Maitani
Merry Christmas :-) - Pete
Merry Christmas, moreya! - Maitani
Pete, merry Christmas to you, too! - Maitani
Merry Christmas! - Son of Groucho
Lovely. God Jul, Maitani :) - Eivind from Android
Merry Christmas! - Anne Bouey
Merry Christmas Maitani! :-) - Amira
Merry Christmas, Gordon, Eivind, Anne, and Amira! :-) - Maitani
The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows - An original lexicon of emotions we don’t have words for -
The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows - An original lexicon of emotions we don’t have words for
sonder -- n. "the realization that each random passerby is living a life as vivid and complex as your own—populated with their own ambitions, friends, routines, worries and inherited craziness—an epic story that continues invisibly around you like an anthill sprawling deep underground, with elaborate passageways to thousands of other lives that you’ll never know existed, in which you might appear only once, as an extra sipping coffee in the background, as a blur of traffic passing on the highway, as a lighted window at dusk." - Amira from Bookmarklet
Rückkehrunruhe -- n. "the feeling of returning home after an immersive trip only to find it fading rapidly from your awareness—to the extent you have to keep reminding yourself that it happened at all, even though it felt so vivid just days ago—which makes you wish you could smoothly cross-dissolve back into everyday life, or just hold the shutter open indefinitely and let one scene become superimposed on the next, so all your days would run together and you’d never have to call cut." - Amira
adomania -- n. "the sense that the future is arriving ahead of schedule, that all those years with fantastical names like ‘2013’ are bursting from their hypothetical cages into the arena of the present, furiously bucking the grip of your expectations while you lean and slip in your saddle, one hand reaching for reins, the other waving up high like a schoolkid who finally knows the answer to the question." - Amira
"John Koenig is the author of The Dictionary of Obscure Sorrows. He is a freelance designer based in St. Paul, Minnesota. His dictionary has been acclaimed by New York Magazine, Washington Post Express, author John Green, blogger Jason Kottke, and the guys from Radiolab." - Amira
What's your favorite word and why? - Amira
Viola Organista -- Leonardo Da Vinci's wacky piano is heard for the first time, after 500 years -
Viola Organista -- Leonardo Da Vinci's wacky piano is heard for the first time, after 500 years
"A bizarre instrument combining a piano and cello has finally been played to an audience more than 500 years after it was dreamt up Leonardo da Vinci. Da Vinci, the Italian Renaissance genius who painted the Mona Lisa, invented the ‘‘viola organista’’ - which looks like a baby grand piano – but never built it, experts say. The viola organista has now come to life, thanks to a Polish concert pianist with a flair for instrument-making and the patience and passion to interpret da Vinci’s plans. (...) ‘‘This instrument has the characteristics of three we know: the harpsichord, the organ and the viola da gamba,’’ Zubrzycki said as he debuted the instrument at the Academy of Music in the southern Polish city of Krakow. (...)" - Amira from Bookmarklet
"The flat bed of its interior is lined with golden spruce. Sixty-one gleaming steel strings run across it, similar to the inside of a baby grand. Each is connected to the keyboard, complete with smaller black keys for sharp and flat notes. But unlike a piano, it has no hammered dulcimers. Instead, there are four spinning wheels wrapped in horse-tail hair, like violin bows. (...) A... more... - Amira
"Storytelling has been around as long as language has existed. We love to tell stories and we love to share stories. The most popular stories appeal to people the world over, regardless of culture, age or language. Let's take a look at the data on some of the most popular books the world has ever seen." - Amira from Bookmarklet
"Carlo Domeniconi (born 1947) is an Italian guitarist and composer known as a concert artist in both the classical and jazz idioms. Born in Cesena, Italy, he received his first instruction with Carmen Lenzi Mozzani at the age of 13. By age 17, he had received his diploma from the Rossini Conservatory in Pesaro. (...) Domeniconi possibly is most well known for his 1985 piece Koyunbaba. The name is Turkish and literally translates as "sheep-father" (koyun-baba), or "shepherd." Some sources also translate it as "the spirit of the sheep". It can also refer to many other things, including a 13th-century mystical saint-like figure whose grave is decorated with coloured bits of cloth by Turkish villagers seeking his help with family problems. "Koyunbaba" is also the family name of his descendants, who still reside in the area, and the name of a wild, dry region of Southwest Turkey. According to local legend, the area is seemingly cursed - numerous people who have attempted to rent or purchase the land from the Koyunbaba family have died or fallen ill." - Amira from Bookmarklet
I'm singing in the rainforest: Researchers find striking similarities between bird song and human music -
I'm singing in the rainforest: Researchers find striking similarities between bird song and human music
"The origin of human music has long been the subject of intense discussion between philosophers, cultural scientists and naturalists. Researchers from the Max Planck Institute for Ornithology in Seewiesen, Germany and Cornish College of the Arts in Seattle, US, have now found striking parallels between our music and the song of a small brown bird living in the Amazon region. The Musician Wren favors consonant over dissonant intervals, something that has rarely been observed in other animal species before. This bird's musicality goes even further: it prefers to sing perfect consonances (octaves, perfect fifths, and perfect fourths) over imperfect consonances leading to some passages which may sound to human listeners as if they are structured around a tonal center. The Musician Wren (Cyphorhynus arada) is aptly-named, because these birds use the same intervals in their songs that are heard as consonant in many human cultures. This is what composer and musicologist Emily Doolittle and... more... - Amira from Bookmarklet
"They sound calm and stable, and are the basis for keys in Western Music. It is because Musician Wrens preferentially produce successive perfect octaves, fifths, and fourths that their songs sound musical to human listeners. In fact the researchers found passages in the songs of the Musician Wrens with striking similarity to passages of e.g. the composers Bach and Haydn. (...) "Our... more... - Amira
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