Björn Brembs
Periods of rest in fMRI contain individual spontaneous events which are related to slowly fluctuating spontaneous activity -
Hum. Brain Mapp. (2012), pp. n/a-n/a, doi:10.1002/hbm.21513 fMRI studies of brain activity at rest study slow (<0.1 Hz) intrinsic fluctuations in the blood-oxygenation-level-dependent (BOLD) signal that are observed in a temporal scale of several minutes. The origin of these fluctuations is not clear but has previously been associated with slow changes in rhythmic neuronal activity resulting from changes in cortical excitability or neuronal synchronization. In this work, we show that individual spontaneous BOLD events occur during rest, in addition to slow fluctuations. Individual spontaneous BOLD events were identified by deconvolving the hemodynamic impulse response function for each time point in the fMRI time series, thus requiring no information on timing or a-priori spatial information of events. The patterns of activation detected were related to the motor, visual, default-mode, and dorsal attention networks. The correspondence between spontaneous events and slow fluctuations... - Björn Brembs