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Adriano
Facial expressions of emotion are not culturally universal (2012) . [Darwin in his 1872 book _Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals_ claimed six "universal" emotional expressions: happiness, surprise, fear, disgust, anger, and sadness] - http://news.sciencemag.org/science...
Facial expressions of emotion are not culturally universal (2012) . [Darwin in his 1872 book _Expression of the Emotions in Man and Animals_ claimed six "universal" emotional expressions: happiness, surprise, fear, disgust, anger, and sadness]
"For Western Caucasians, Darwin's six basic emotional expressions popped right out of the data, in type and intensity. But the East Asian subjects didn't see the faces the same way. Smiles meant the same thing to everyone, but the responses from the East Asian subjects did not form clear categories, especially for faces expressing surprise, fear, disgust, and anger. The researchers conclude that Western Caucasians use a distinct set of facial muscles to express basic emotions. Each culture may have fundamental expressions, but they are not necessarily shared by other cultures. The study is a strong challenge to the widely held belief that certain emotional expressions are biologically basic." PNAS http://www.pnas.org/content... - Adriano from Bookmarklet