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Babylonian Neurology and Psychiatry - Neuroskeptic | DiscoverMagazine.com - http://blogs.discovermagazine.com/neurosk...
Babylonian Neurology and Psychiatry - Neuroskeptic | DiscoverMagazine.com
"A fascinating little paper in Brain examines Neurology and psychiatry in Babylon. It’s a collaboration by British neurologist Edward H. Reynolds and Assyriologist James V. Kinnier Wilson. The sources they discuss are almost 4,000 years old, dating to the Old Babylonian Dynasty of 1894 – 1595 BC. Writing in cuneiform script impressed into clay tablets, the Babylonians left records that (unlike paper) were inherently durable, so many of them have survived. All understanding of cuneiform was lost, however, for thousands of years, only to be deciphered in the 19th century." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The texts reveal that The Babylonians were remarkable observers and documentalists of human illness and behavior. However, their knowledge of anatomy was limited and superficial. Some diseases were thought to have a physical basis, such as worms, snake bites and trauma. Much else was the result of evil forces that required driving out… many, perhaps most diseases required the attention of a priest or exorcist, known as an asipu, to drive out evil demons or spirits." - Maitani
Ovid’s Metamorphoses: the Webcomic | res gerendae - http://resgerendae.wordpress.com/2014...
Ovid’s Metamorphoses: the Webcomic | res gerendae
"Res Gerendae is proud to introduce a new and exciting project by our own resident pictor, Charles Northrop:" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Charlie aims to update every Monday. Check it out:" http://metamorphoses.classified-comic.com - Maitani
On Wittgenstein and Rorty - Shunya's Notes - http://blog.shunya.net/shunyas...
On Wittgenstein and Rorty - Shunya's Notes
On Wittgenstein and Rorty - Shunya's Notes
"Here are two wonderful essays I found in the archives of Prospect Magazine. The first essay, from 1999, is by Ray Monk, British philosopher and biographer of Wittgenstein, who Monk calls "the greatest philosopher of [the 20th] century". In it, Monk explores why "At a time like this, when the humanities are institutionally obliged to pretend to be sciences, we need more than ever the lessons about understanding that Wittgenstein—and the arts—have to teach us." (Also check out Wittgenstein, a quirky-brilliant film by Derek Jarman.)" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The second essay, from 2003, is by British philosopher Simon Blackburn, and is an extraordinary exposition of the life and mind of Richard Rorty, a pragmatist philosopher who Blackburn calls "arguably the most influential philosopher of our time."" - Maitani
1177 B.C., the year civilization did not collapse - The Unz Review - http://www.unz.com/gnxp...
1177 B.C., the year civilization did not collapse - The Unz Review
"Recently I read Eric Cline’s 1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed. It’s a short book. If you are looking to familiarize yourself with the history and culture of the Bronze Age Near East in a format which isn’t a scholarly monograph, this is a good book for that, best read in complement with Robert Drews’ End of the Bronze Age (also see The Coming of the Greeks). If you are looking to understand why the complex of Near Eastern societies, spanning Mycenaean Greece to Babylon and Egypt, went into severe regress in the 12th century, this is not the book. Cline is good at stringing you along, but at the end of the day he doesn’t come to a definitive conclusion." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"And yet civilization did not collapse. It maintained genuine continuity in places such as Egypt and Assyria across the Bronze to Iron Age, and eventually these societies played critical roles in the cultural efflorescence which gave rise to the Axial Age. Arguably 1177 was notable because civilization did not collapse. It seems likely that proto-civilizations did die earlier, lost to... more... - Maitani
Started it this morning :) - Eivind from Android
Wasn't it the sea people ? - Todd Hoff from iPhone
what's the Axial Age? - .mau.
"Axial Age or Axial Period (Ger. Achsenzeit, "axis time") is a term coined by German philosopher Karl Jaspers to describe the period from 800 to 200 BC, during which, according to Jaspers, similar revolutionary thinking appeared in Persia, India, China and the Occident. The period is also sometimes referred to as the Axis Age.[1] Jaspers, in his Vom Ursprung und Ziel der Geschichte (The... more... - Todd Hoff
never heard of it - my knowledge ended with Iron Age. Thanks! - .mau.
Todd :-P (In the last few accounts I've read the Sea Peoples have been viewed more as an effect than a cause. Or at least as a minor cause among many.) - Eivind from Android
I'm not sure if that second paragraph you quoted is supposed to be a summary of the book's conclusions or if those are just Khan's ideas, Maitani. The author thinks collapse is a perfectly fitting term, even though he, of course, acknowledges that there was some continuity: "When the world emerged from the collapse of the Bronze Age, it was indeed a new age, including new opportunities... more... - Eivind from Android
Thank you for citing the author's summary, Eivind. It seems that Khan partly presents his own view (which is interesting and thought-provoking as always) without explicitly sorting it from the author's ideas. - Maitani
I am really looking forward to reading the book. - Maitani
This is basically a summary of the archeological and textual material currently available to Bronze and Iron Age scholars of the extended Middle East. I think it's a good intro to the subject for people with scholarly ambitions (or just people with a fetish for evidence), but I know of more friendly books if one wants a general introduction. That said, I really liked it, but I'm a freak with some prior knowledge :) - Eivind from Android
Also, is it just me or does Khan's knowledge seem a bit dated? I don't really encounter the "Axial Age" much in the recent accounts. - Eivind from Android
Eivind, maybe a few scholars who do comparative religious studies or philosophy of religion still work with that notion, but the idea is certainly not backed by empirical evidence, it is simply wrong, imo. I found this quote in the Wikipedia entry on "Axial Age": "For example, Diarmaid MacCulloch, professor of the history of the church at the University of Oxford, calls the Jaspers... more... - Maitani
According to your description of the book's tenor and main content, it is what I am looking for. I am interested in the period 1) just because I am a freak, too, 2) because I need more scholarly historical background for historical linguistics. :-) - Maitani
Prêt à Analyser | Caxton - http://caxton1485.wordpress.com/2014...
Prêt à Analyser | Caxton
"The humblest text can be a fruitful hunting ground." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"This napkin is 100% recyclable (Pret’s sustainability department is militant, we’re making headway). If Pret staff get all serviette-ish and hand you huge bunches of napkins (which you don’t need or want) please give them the evil eye. Waste not want not’" - Maitani
The Grand Budapest Hotel (The Republic of Zubrowka, Hungary) - Hotel Reviews - TripAdvisor - http://www.tripadvisor.com/Hotel_R...
The Grand Budapest Hotel (The Republic of Zubrowka, Hungary) - Hotel Reviews - TripAdvisor
"When we arrived we had some problems with the tram that leads to the main building, but it was quickly fixed by the highly efficient lobby boy. Out of all the common areas the one you should give special attention to is the Turkish bath and the Greek spa. Food was excellent, and on our first day there were regional sweets from the Mendl's bakery in our bedroom out of courtesy -- that was really nice and they tasted delicious. Staff was particularly kind and helfpul. Next season we'll certainly go back!" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
via kottke.org http://kottke.org/14... - Maitani
aaaaaaaawwwwwwwwwwww - LauraD in Something
Thesaurus Indogermanischer Text- und Sprachmaterialien TITUS http://titus.uni-frankfurt.de/indexd...
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What do you call a group of... | OxfordWords blog - http://blog.oxforddictionaries.com/2014...
What do you call a group of... | OxfordWords blog
What do you call a group of... | OxfordWords blog
What do you call a group of... | OxfordWords blog
"Did you know that there are collective nouns for many different groups of animals? Some you may well be familiar with (such as a litter of kittens or a pride of lions). Others are used less often, but would still be recognized by many people; in this category fall a gaggle of geese and a murder of crows. And then there are those words which you probably haven’t heard – did you know about a crash of rhinoceros, or a descent of woodpeckers?" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
I really like this part of English. "A superfluity of nuns" and "an unkindness of ravens" are among my favorites :) - Eivind from Android
They left off a bunch of people ones: A lot of parking attendants, a ring of jewelers, a great deal of used car salesmen (etc.). - Stephen Mack
Stephen :) - Eivind from Android
THERE BE MONSTERS | Pandaemonium - http://kenanmalik.wordpress.com/2014...
THERE BE MONSTERS | Pandaemonium
"The philosopher John Gray, in his review of my book The Quest for a Moral Compass, claimed that I ‘airbrush, Soviet-style’ all ‘repugnant and troubling elements of rationalism’ that I ‘prefer not to know’ about ‘sleazy side of rationalism’, such as racial science or the history of slavery. It is a strange claim given that the thread that runs through virtually all my work has been the paradoxes of modernity, and the contradictions within rationalism and liberalism. Hence two books of the history of the idea of race and another on the difficulties faced by science in making sense of the human. (My response to the Gray review is here.)" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The difference between my view of rationalism and modernity and that of John Gray is not that one recognizes the ‘dark side of modernity’ and the other airbrushes it away. It rests, rather, on how we view the roots of the problem. For Gray, and for thinkers like him, the problem lies in human nature. Humans, he argues in his book Straw Dogs, ‘cannot be other than irrational’ but delude... more... - Maitani
Successful Secale | The Metropolitan Museum of Art - http://www.metmuseum.org/visit...
Successful Secale | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
"In the Middle Ages, the diet of the wealthy, while plentiful, was nutritionally bereft compared to that of the common people. Those with the means feasted on meat seasoned with exotic and costly spices and wheat bread. The lighter and fresher the bread, the higher one's station in life. High-protein, low-gluten rye bread made from rye (Secale cereale) was fit only for the lowest. Rye was considered such humble food that Carthusian monks would take as a penance a hard tort made of the poorest-quality rye to symbolize their station in life as "Christ's beggars" (Henisch, 158); it was considered second rate to wheat and barley. Nonetheless, and despite its inauspicious beginnings, rye went from minor cultivation in the early Middle Ages to a staple food of temperate Europe in the ensuing centuries." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Visitors to the Bonnefont Herb Garden this spring encountered a particularly vigorous strand of rye. Planted last fall as a cover crop, it protected the soil from the leaching of valuable nutrients and compaction. The value of managing soils was appreciated by the medieval agriculturist, who followed careful systems of crop rotations. Typically, cover crops are turned into the soil... more... - Maitani
Judith Butler reviews ‘The Death Penalty’ by Jacques Derrida, translated by Peggy Kamuf · LRB 17 July 2014 - http://www.lrb.co.uk/v36...
"‘Whence comes this bizarre, bizarre idea,’ Jacques Derrida asks, reading Nietzsche on debt in On the Genealogy of Morals, ‘this ancient, archaic (uralte) idea, this so very deeply rooted, perhaps indestructible idea, of a possible equivalence between injury and pain (Schaden und Schmerz)? Whence comes this strange hypothesis or presumption of an equivalence between two such incommensurable things? What can a wrong and a suffering have in common?’ By way of an answer, he points out that ‘the origin of the legal subject, and notably of penal law, is commercial law; it is the law of commerce, debt, the market, the exchange between things, bodies and monetary signs, with their general equivalent and their surplus value, their interest.’" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
This Is Not a Vermeer ™ — The Message — Medium - https://medium.com/message...
This Is Not a Vermeer ™ — The Message — Medium
"Can anyone own a masterpiece? In part one in this series about artistic authenticity, five very dissimilar people share a common desire: To own a Vermeer." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Uber for Art Forgeries https://medium.com/message... - Maitani
One secret of ancient amber revealed -- ScienceDaily - http://www.sciencedaily.com/release...
One secret of ancient amber revealed -- ScienceDaily
"The warm beauty of amber was captivating and mysterious enough to inspire myths in ancient times, and even today, some of its secrets remain locked inside the fossilized tree resin. But for the first time, scientists have now solved at least one of its puzzles that had perplexed them for decades." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Babel's Dawn: Forget Communication; Study Cognition - http://www.babelsdawn.com/babels_...
"Leonard Talmy is an interesting fellow who has spent the past several decades exploring the way languages express thoughts. Can we have thoughts that we cannot express verbally? Many poets spend their lives trying to express the inexpressible. We know too that there are many ideas which can be expressed mathematically, but not verbally. How about the reverse; are there things we can think in words but not in other ways?" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"For instance, language allows us to think it terms of what grammarians call mood. Talmy calls this a topic's "reality status." That's something not included in mathematical expressions. English allows us to distinguish between, "As I am king, I will name an aircraft carrier after you," and, "If I were king, I would name an aircraft carrier after you." Equations, by contrast, are all in a neutral mood, meaning they may or may not assert something true about the world." - Maitani
Scenes from the Odyssey in Ancient Art - slideshow of images painted on vases, kylikes, wine jugs, or mixing bowls http://blog.oup.com/2014...
Scenes from the Odyssey in Ancient Art | OUPblog - http://blog.oup.com/2014...
"The Ancient Greeks were incredibly imaginative and innovative in their depictions of scenes from The Odyssey, painted onto vases, kylikes, wine jugs, or mixing bowls. Many of Homer’s epic scenes can be found on these objects such as the encounter between Odysseus and the Cyclops Polyphemus and the battle with the Suitors. It is clear that in the Greek culture, The Odyssey was an influential and eminent story with memorable scenes that have resonated throughout generations of both classical literature enthusiasts and art aficionados and collectors. We present a brief slideshow of images that appear in Barry B. Powell’s new free verse translation of The Odyssey." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
AWOL - The Ancient World Online: Alphabetical List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies - http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.de/2012...
AWOL's full List of Open Access Journals in Ancient Studies lists 1382 titles today. - Maitani from Bookmarklet
The Historical Thesaurus of English - http://historicalthesaurus.arts.gla.ac.uk/
The Historical Thesaurus of English
"The Historical Thesaurus of English is a unique resource charting the semantic development of the huge and varied vocabulary of English. It is the first historical thesaurus ever produced for any language, containing almost every word in English from Old English to the present day. Of major interest to historians, philologists, linguists, and the general reader, the Thesaurus is an unrivalled resource for the historical study of the language. It is based on a comprehensive analysis of English as found in the second edition of the Oxford English Dictionary (OED) and A Thesaurus of Old English (for words restricted to the Old English period of c.700-1150 AD). All these words and their dates of recorded use are displayed within a detailed semantic framework, offering a fascinating picture of the development of the vocabulary of English from its origins in Anglo-Saxon times to the present." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Eliot, Kipling and Intertextuality | Caxton - http://caxton1485.wordpress.com/2014...
Eliot, Kipling and Intertextuality | Caxton
"Those familiar with T S Eliot’s poem ‘The Waste Land’ will know that many of its lines echo earlier writers. For example,..." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
13-Year-Old Charlotte Brontë & Her Brother Wrote Teeny Tiny Adventure Books, Measuring 1 x 2 Inches | Open Culture - http://www.openculture.com/2014...
13-Year-Old Charlotte Brontë & Her Brother Wrote Teeny Tiny Adventure Books, Measuring 1 x 2 Inches | Open Culture
13-Year-Old Charlotte Brontë & Her Brother Wrote Teeny Tiny Adventure Books, Measuring 1 x 2 Inches | Open Culture
"So you consider yourself a reader of the Brontës? Of course you’ve read Wuthering Heights, Jane Eyre, and The Tenant of Wildfell Hall. (Find these classics in our collection of Free eBooks and Free Audio Books.) You’ve probably even got on to the likes of The Green Dwarf and Agnes Grey. Surely you know details from the lives of Charlotte, Emily, and Anne. But have you read such lesser-known entries in the Brontë canon as Scenes on a Great Bridge, The Poetaster: A Drama in Two Volumes, or An Interesting Passage in the Lives of Some Eminent Personages of the Present Age? Do you know of Brontë brother Branwell, the ill-fated tutor, clerk, and artist, and have you seen his own literary output? Now you can, as Harvard University’s Houghton Library has put online nine very early works from Charlotte and Branwell Brontë — all of which measure less than one inch by two inches." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
vay cimcimelere bak sen yav - Alfonker Tapir
Poemas del río Wang: The Czech sea - http://riowang.blogspot.de/2014...
Poemas del río Wang: The Czech sea
Poemas del río Wang: The Czech sea
"Lahvová pošta, a message in a bottle. It seems almost absurd that such a term has been also coined for it in a language where you can never meet such a thing. Nature has refused a sea to Czechia. So it was up to literature to bestow one upon her: Shakespeare in The Winter’s tale, and Radek Malý in his recently published children’s poetry book Moře slané vody, Sea of salty water." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
UNESCO World Heritage - Silk - https://unesco-world-heritage.silk.co/
UNESCO World Heritage - Silk
"In June 2014  UNESCO's World Heritage Committee announced the new inscriptions for the World Heritage List. This year 26 new sites made it into the list, making the current number of World Heritage Sites 1007, with two sites delisted. To celebrate this year's event, we built this portal which anyone can use to quickly visualize facts and stats about UNESCO's World Heritage database. A few things you can do: Search through the current World Heritage Sites, look at their geographical distribution, size, and year of inscription in the list. Discover the locations that are in danger, and the most common threats that menace their conservation. Browse through all the sites that are part of each State's tentative lists but didn't make it to a World Heritage status yet. Read overviews for each UNESCO Member State." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
via Free Technology for Teachers http://www.freetech4teachers.com/2014... - Maitani
I recommend exploring the portal, despite the boring picture I posted. It is an excellent site that contains maps, images, data sets, and data visualizations about all of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites, but is focused on the sites added to UNESCO's list in 2014. - Maitani
The Pont du Gard Aqueduct Bridge – Masterpiece of Ancient Building ~ Kuriositas - http://www.kuriositas.com/2010...
The Pont du Gard Aqueduct Bridge – Masterpiece of Ancient Building ~ Kuriositas
Roof garden
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The Long Goodbye - Lapham’s Quarterly - http://www.laphamsquarterly.org/essays...
The Long Goodbye - Lapham’s Quarterly
"For a long time French and English novels were content to borrow their titles from the names of their chief characters, and this is how readers first learned of Robinson, Moll, Pamela, Jacques, Tom, Humphry, Tristram, Émile, Evelina, Emma, Oliver, David, and many others. Starting in the late eighteenth century, titles took a descriptive or even predictive turn. There were dangerous liaisons, prides and prejudices, lost illusions, great expectations, crimes and punishments, and other moral or legal considerations. These titles didn’t tell us much, but they hinted at risk and comeuppance, seemed to profess a large wisdom readers might share with the author at the expense of the characters. The novels themselves were not half as moralizing as their titles suggested—most of them were not moralizing at all—but they did seek collusion, appealing to what we thought we knew. We knew, for example, that expectations are great but rarely met. That’s what expectations are; otherwise they would... more... - Maitani from Bookmarklet
BBC News - English explodes in India - and it's not just Hinglish - http://www.bbc.com/news...
BBC News - English explodes in India - and it's not just Hinglish
"Anyone who travels beyond Delhi and Mumbai to India's provincial cities will notice English words cropping up increasingly in Hindi conversation. While some of these terms fell out of use in the UK decades ago, others are familiar, but used in bold new ways." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Picture the scene. I'm chatting to a young man named Yuvraj Singh. He's a college student in the Indian city of Dehra Dun. We're talking in Hindi. But every so often there's an English word. It's Hindi, Hindi, Hindi, and then suddenly an English word or phrase is dropped in: "job", "love story" or "adjust"." - Maitani
Europe's migrant influx: 'we need help but we don’t know where from' | World | The Guardian - http://www.theguardian.com/world...
Europe's migrant influx: 'we need help but we don’t know where from' | World | The Guardian
Europe's migrant influx: 'we need help but we don’t know where from' | World | The Guardian
"Like almost 60,000 others this year, Brahana decided to brave the Mediterranean sea in order to reach Italy, and therefore Europe. She paid people-smugglers $1,600 (£950), she says, to board a boat packed with more than 300 people. “It’s really hard with a small baby,” she says stoically of a journey that has proved deadly for thousands over the past 20 years. Her boat was intercepted by an Italian navy ship last week and all its passengers taken to safety. The question for them now is what comes next. Brahana, like many of the refugees and migrants landing in Italy, has not yet requested asylum and is not in the care of an official structure. She is waiting for the bus to Rome, where her aunt lives. And then? “I don’t know,” she admits. “I want to work. I can’t live in my country because of the government. We need help but we don’t know where from.”" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
A Calendar Page for July 2014 - Medieval manuscripts blog - http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitis...
A Calendar Page for July 2014 - Medieval manuscripts blog
A Calendar Page for July 2014 - Medieval manuscripts blog
"The aristocratic pleasures of April and May have been left far behind in these pages for the month of July.  Set amongst a riot of red flowers (perhaps characteristic of this month) is a roundel in which two peasants are kneeling and harvesting the wheat crop.  Behind them is a peasant’s hut and what may be a cathedral in the background, while overhead, lightning strikes as a summer storm rolls in.   On the next folio, beneath the continuation of saints’ days for June, is a roundel containing a bushy-tailed lion, for the zodiac sign Leo, within a frame of similarly-threatening clouds.  Below him is a shepherd, standing in a rather downcast manner among his flock (he is not as unlucky as our April shepherd, however), which his dog relaxes in the foreground." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
What do you really want to know about the past? « Heavenfield - http://hefenfelth.wordpress.com/2014...
"When you think about the past, what do you really want to know? Do you want to know what people thought and felt, their philosophy or understand their spin? Or, do you really want to know what really happened? What was their world really like, not what they said it was like? Sure we are all a little curious about both, but when push comes to shove, what do you want to know the most? Where will you invest your time?  These are really two very different approaches. I’ll soon be reviewing two books here that both look at nature in the Middle Ages and take opposite approaches." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The best example I have found of these diametrically opposed approaches is on medieval epidemics. Some historians will argue that it doesn’t matter what the disease was, all that matters is its demographic effect. Scientists will argue that you can’t really know anything about the epidemic without trying to characterize it medically/biologically, if not identify it. For many... more... - Maitani
I want to know all of it! I love the multidisciplinary approach to uncovering history :) What I DON'T want is for my ancient history books to focus too much on the history of uncovering the history. I've read a few books with a huge focus on small technical details about different digs, intrigues and scandals in archaeological circles, and the life story of the idle rich patrons. That stuff isn't ancient. It's 200 years old, at most. - Eivind
Agreed. To me it is also important that historians publish the sources of their knowledge, and lay out the uncertainties and limitations that result from limited access or from the nature of the sources. - Maitani
::: wood s lot ::: Max Pechstein - http://page2rss.com/p...
::: wood s lot ::: Max Pechstein
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