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National Portal and Digital Repository for Indian Museums -
National Portal and Digital Repository for Indian Museums
"The National Portal and Digital Repository for Indian Museums are developed and hosted by Human-Centred Design & Computing Group, C-DAC, Pune as per the agreement with Ministry of Culture, Government of India. HCDC Group has also developed JATAN: Virtual Museum software which is used for creating the digital collections in various museums and digital archival tools that are used in background for managing the national digital repository of museums." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Crabby and Evelyn, An Assessment of Evelyn Waugh's Life and Work | New Republic -
"To mark its 100th anniversary, The New Republic is republishing a collection of its most memorable articles. This week's theme: Literary birthdays. This piece originally appeared at The New Republic on May 8, 1995." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"My life is roughly speaking over. I sleep badly except occasionally in the morning. I get up late. I try to read my letters. I try to read the paper. I have some gin. I try to read the paper again. I have some more gin. I try to think about my autobiography. Then I have some more gin and it's lunch time. That's my life. It's ghastly." - Maitani
The first longer paper in my life I chose to write on Brideshead Revisited, many years ago. - Maitani
:: Welcome to National Mission on Monuments and Antiquities :: -
"India is perhaps one of the largest repositories of tangible heritage in the world. A major part of this heritage is preserved in her monuments, sites and antiquities of varied nature. The range of such relics, from the past is indeed very vast and covers a long span of time i.e. prehistoric to colonial times. The monuments, sites and antiquities protected and maintained so far by Archaeological Survey of India and State Archaeology Departments are only a fraction of the total repository of the country. However, most of these have not been documented in a uniform format which can provide a common platform to the scholars, researchers and planners for reference, research and its management in a diligent manner." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Today, the survival of our heritage has been endangered due to climatic, natural and manmade effects. In the recent years there is also an increasing trend of illicit trafficking of antiquities from India. This is mainly due to lack of public awareness, ignorance of law/act and also about the importance of documentation and preservation. There are few cities in the country where number... more... - Maitani
Pidgin, patois, slang, dialect, creole — English has more forms than you might expect | Public Radio International -
Pidgin, patois, slang, dialect, creole — English has more forms than you might expect | Public Radio International
"There are probably as many terms for different kinds of English vernacular as there are vernaculars themselves: pidgin, patois, slang, creole dialect and so on." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"But while we usually think of the vernaculars as oral versions of the English language, they're making their way into the written word as well." - Maitani
Sounds of the Tides: Some Thoughts on Literature in the Vernacular - Maitani
Stephen Colbert Reads Ray Bradbury Classic Sci-Fi Story "The Veldt" | Open Culture -
Stephen Colbert Reads Ray Bradbury Classic Sci-Fi Story "The Veldt" | Open Culture
"I rarely think back to memories from that busywork-intensive containment unit known as American elementary school, but when I do, I usually arrive at listening to a Ray Bradbury story — something about a faraway planet, something about monsoons, I can never remember which one — during read-aloud time. Even then, on some level, I understood that the author of Fahrenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles (not that I yet had any idea at the time about books like Fahrenheit 451 and The Martian Chronicles) wrote with the human voice in mind. Not necessarily the momentarily defamiliarized voice of a teacher reading to a post-lunch classroom of ten-year-olds, and not necessarily the flawlessly pronouncing and pausing, many-takes-recorded-per-sentence voice of the professional audiobook narrator (though Bradbury’s work did provide material for a few proto-audiobooks), but, perhaps, the voice of the mind. Of all Bradbury’s tales we love to read aloud, few seem quite so effective in this way as “The Veldt.“" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Place of the Year 2014: the longlist, then and now|OUPblog -
Place of the Year 2014: the longlist, then and now|OUPblog
Place of the Year 2014: the longlist, then and now|OUPblog
"As voting continues on the longlist for Place of the Year 2014, we decided to take a look at the past and present of each of the nominees. Check out the images in the slideshow to see, and make sure to vote for your Place of the Year below." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
This one I like more.
Am Dechsendorfer Weiher
“Cleansing the Stock” | George Monbiot -
"To blot people out of existence first you must blot them from your mind. Then you can persuade yourself that what you are doing is moral and necessary. Today, this isn’t difficult. Those who act without compassion can draw upon a system of thought and language whose purpose is to shield them – and blind us – to the consequences." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The contention by Lord Freud, a minister in the UK’s Department of Work and Pensions, that disabled people are “not worth the full wage”(1) isn’t the worst thing he’s alleged to have said. I say “alleged” because what my ears tell me is contested by Hansard, the offical parliamentary record. During a debate in the House of Lords, he appeared to describe the changing number of disabled... more... - Maitani
a very good read - Halil
Schooning with Dragons 1
"The Bugis (or Buginese) are one of the great seafaring peoples of the Indian Ocean. Like those other great mariners, the Greeks, they are also great story-tellers: their epic, Sureq Galigo or La Galigo, is longer than the Mahabharata. The Buginese were converted to Islam in the 17th century and except for a few sub-groups of Christians and Hindus they are predominantly Muslim today. One interesting aspect of Bugis culture is that it recognizes five gender categories including a ‘meta-gender’." - Maitani
Highest altitude archaeological sites in the world explored in the Peruvian Andes: Survival in extreme environments -- ScienceDaily -
Highest altitude archaeological sites in the world explored in the Peruvian Andes: Survival in extreme environments -- ScienceDaily
"Research conducted at the highest-altitude Pleistocene archaeological sites yet identified in the world sheds new light on the capacity of humans to survive in extreme environments. The findings were taken from sites in the Pucuncho Basin, located in the Southern Peruvian Andes." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The primary site, Cuncaicha is a rock shelter at 4,480 metres above sea level, with a stone-tool workshop below it. There is also a Pucuncho workshop site where stone tools were made at 4,355 metres above sea level. Climatic conditions in both sites are harsh, with factors including low-oxygen, extreme cold and high levels of solar radiation making life in the region a challenge for... more... - Maitani
Wide Urban World: Living the good life in Teotihuacan -
Wide Urban World: Living the good life in Teotihuacan
Show all
"I have written two articles that contain new information about life in ancient Teotihuacan. These are scheduled to be published in November, but in the meantime I want to talk about some of the new findings and their implications. Teotihuacan had a unique form of urban life and society. I don't mean this in the sense that one can claim that every city is unique. What I mean is that Teotihuacan had several features that are VERY unusual for premodern cities. Here I will mention several of these features:" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Forthcoming: Grammatical theory: From transformational grammar to constraint-based approaches -
Forthcoming: Grammatical theory: From transformational grammar to constraint-based approaches
"This book introduces formal grammar theories that play a role in current linguistics or contributed tools that are relevant for current linguistic theorizing (Phrase Structure Grammar, Transformational Grammar/Government & Binding, Generalized Phrase Structure Grammar, Lexical Functional Grammar, Categorial Grammar, Head-Driven Phrase Structure Grammar, Construction Grammar, Tree Adjoining Grammar). The key assumptions are explained and it is shown how the respective theory treats arguments and adjuncts, the active/passive alternation, local reorderings, verb placement, and fronting of constituents over long distances. The analyses are explained with German as the object language." - Maitani
Are we free? | Prospect Magazine -
Are we free? | Prospect Magazine
"For several millennia, people have worried about whether or not they have free will. What exactly worries them? No single answer suffices. For centuries the driving issue was about God’s supposed omniscience. If God knew what we were going to do before we did it, in what sense were we free to do otherwise? Weren’t we just acting out our parts in a Divine Script? Were any of our so-called decisions real decisions? Even before belief in an omniscient God began to wane, science took over the threatening role. Democritus, the ancient Greek philosopher and proto-scientist, postulated that the world, including us, was made of tiny entities—atoms—and imagined that unless atoms sometimes, unpredictably and for no reason, interrupted their trajectories with a random swerve, we would be trapped in causal chains that reached back for eternity, robbing us of our power to initiate actions on our own." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Behind the Mask: The Life of Vita Sackville-West by Matthew Dennison, book review: Story is as richly full of contradictions as Vita was herself - Reviews - Books - The Independent -
Behind the Mask: The Life of Vita Sackville-West by Matthew Dennison, book review: Story is as richly full of contradictions as Vita was herself - Reviews - Books - The Independent
"In the famous image of Vita Sackville-West, Lady with a Red Hat, the writer is the embodiment of the confident young aristocrat. Exuding a languid elegance, her heavy-lidded Sackville eyes gaze out from beneath the broad brim. But this portrait captures another element of Vita’s persona. It was painted in 1918, shortly after her sexual awakening with Violet Keppel, and beneath the flamboyant clothes and bright lipstick there is an androgynous quality. In Behind the Mask, the first biography of Vita for 30 years, Matthew Dennison focuses on this ambiguity, exploring the duality which was rooted in her genetic inheritance and her eccentric upbringing." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Vita’s identity embraced masculine and feminine elements; her stiff-upper-lip English ancestry was in conflict with the Latin blood from her grandmother Pepita, a Spanish dancer who was the mistress of Lionel, Baron Sackville. Among their illegitimate offspring was Vita’s mother Victoria, who by marrying her cousin became the mistress of the Sackvilles’ ancestral home, Knole in Kent." - Maitani
Word magic from Shalom Auslander | Sentence first -
"Browsing books at random in Galway, I picked up Shalom Auslander’s novel Hope: A Tragedy because the title caught my eye, and I bought it based on a cursory scan of its contents and reviews. The author’s name was also interesting to me, and the book turned out to be the most entertaining thing I had read in months." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"In the third grade, Rabbi Kahn told me my name was one of God’s seventy-two names, and he forbade me from ever writing it in full. We wrote primarily in Hebrew and Yiddish, so anything on which I wrote my name — God’s name — became instantly holy: tests, book reports, Highlights for Kids — consequently, they could never be mistreated. It was forbidden to let them touch the floor, it was forbidden to throw them away, it was forbidden to place other papers on top of them." - Maitani
The Greatest Ancient Picture Gallery by William Dalrymple | The New York Review of Books -
The Greatest Ancient Picture Gallery by William Dalrymple | The New York Review of Books
"In the winter of 1844, Major Robert Gill, a young British military draftsman, set off from Madras into the independent princely state of Hyderabad to record a major new archaeological discovery." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Some years earlier, in 1819, a British hunting party in the jungles of the Western Ghats had followed a tiger into a remote river valley and stumbled onto what was soon recognized as one of the great wonders of India: the painted caves of Ajanta. On the walls of a line of thirty-one caves dug into an amphitheater of solid rock lay the most beautiful and ancient paintings in Buddhist... more... - Maitani
Rare Ceramics And Indian Paintings At NY Asian Art Week - Blog and Collectibles
Philosophy Monkey: Steven Pinker - Linguistics as a Window to Understand the Brain -
Philosophy Monkey: Steven Pinker - Linguistics as a Window to Understand the Brain
"One of the things I first enjoyed when I was introduced to philosophy was its recursive nature: we could use thought to investigate the nature, the rules, the structure and the limits of thought itself (and what that could tell us about the human mind). For a very similar reason I have a certain appreciation and fondness for linguistics. Most of our communication takes place through language, and linguists are hard at work trying to understand what they can about human cognition, nature and culture, by paying close attention to the way in which we use language." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"In the following lecture, Steven Pinker provides a fascinating introduction to questions such as how syntax (the study of linguistic structure), phonology (the study of sound), semantics (the study of meaning) and pragmatics (the study of the social and cultural role and context of language), all help us to understand how language works. He also provides a lesson on the nature of the... more... - Maitani
3quarksdaily: Coriander -
3quarksdaily: Coriander
"At first (and at second, and third) glance, the use of spices in the cuisines of the subcontinent is a subtle and mysterious art, full of musty cupboards staffed by aging apothecaries (and grandmothers) and intertwined with theories of humor-balancing and our particular relationship to the gods. Recipes and spice blends are passed on in scribbled old notebooks and on furtive scraps of paper, copied and recopied like the epics, with long lists of spices and proportions, some crossed out and replaced with others for inexplicable reasons. The spices are essential, we are told, the order in which they are added is crucial, the mind of the cook must be perfectly clear, and the incantations must be uttered perfectly resonantly." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"But how to make sense of this confusion if one did not grow up hovering over a mortar and pestle? Or even if one did and was momentarily distracted (perhaps by adolescence)? One route is a close reading of existing recipes and practices, noting patterns, highlighting parsimonious explanations and gradually drawing grander and grander conclusions. Equally useful is naïve... more... - Maitani
Linguistic necromancy: a guide for the uninitiated | OUPblog -
Linguistic necromancy: a guide for the uninitiated | OUPblog
"It’s fairly common knowledge that languages, like people, have families. English, for instance, is a member of the Germanic family, with sister languages including Dutch, German, and the Scandinavian languages. Germanic, in turn, is a branch of a larger family, Indo-European, whose other members include the Romance languages (French, Italian, Spanish, and more), Russian, Greek, and Persian." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Being part of a family of course means that you share a common ancestor. For the Romance languages, that mother language is Latin; with the spread and then fall of the Roman empire, Latin split into a number of distinct daughter languages. But what did the Germanic mother language look like? Here there’s a problem, because, although we know that language must have existed, we don’t have any direct record of it." - Maitani
"The earliest Old English written texts date from the 7th century AD, and the earliest Germanic text of any length is a 4th-century translation of the Bible into Gothic, a now-extinct Germanic language. Though impressively old, this text still dates from long after the breakup of the Germanic mother language into its daughters." - Maitani
Beautiful maps -
Beautiful maps
"Like it says on the tin: a collection of Beautiful Maps. I wish there was some attribution attached to each map though. The map above is by Claude Bernou circa 1681. (via @khoi)" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
♡ - elfaxi
Forscherteam identifiziert 3500 Jahre alte Königsstadt - scientists identify 3500-year-old city of the Hittites -
Forscherteam identifiziert 3500 Jahre alte Königsstadt - scientists identify 3500-year-old city of the Hittites
Forscherteam identifiziert 3500 Jahre alte Königsstadt - scientists identify 3500-year-old city of the Hittites
"„Samuha war als bedeutende Metropole bereits seit Längerem aus Schriftquellen anderer Fundorte bekannt“, erläutert Professor Dr. Andreas Müller-Karpe, Direktor des Vorgeschichtlichen Seminars der Philipps-Universität, an dem das Forschungsprojekt angesiedelt ist. „Wo diese Stadt jedoch lag, blieb in der Forschung heftig umstritten.“ Die jüngsten Ausgrabungen brachten nun den Durchbruch: Der Ort befand sich am Nordufer des längsten Flusses Anatoliens, des Kızılırmak (hethitisch Marassantija) in der ostkappadokischen Provinz Sivas." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Myth-conceptions: How myths about the brain are hampering teaching -- ScienceDaily -
Myth-conceptions: How myths about the brain are hampering teaching -- ScienceDaily
"Myths about the brain are common among teachers worldwide and are hampering teaching, according to new research. The report highlights several areas where new findings from neuroscience are becoming misinterpreted by education, including brain-related ideas regarding early educational investment, adolescent brain development and learning disorders such as dyslexia and ADHD." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Teachers in the UK, Holland, Turkey, Greece and China were presented with seven so-called 'neuromyths' and asked whether they believe them to be true." - Maitani
Philosophy Monkey: Plato - Apology -
Philosophy Monkey: Plato - Apology
"In ancient Greece, when visitors went to the Temple of Apollo at Delphi, the very first thing they encountered there was an inscription chiseled on the entrance: "know thyself." While many people today think of this as an invitation to meditative self-reflection, this was simply a warning for humans to know their place, to understand that they are mortal, and that any pretension to wisdom, power or hubris would be swiftly punished by the gods." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
" Human beings have the unique ability of contemplating their beliefs, values and choices, and of questioning the established order and trying to come up with novel solutions and alternatives to the reality and the tragedy of existence. " Very well-said and this we call a life. The constant battle - آزاده (Azade)
A history of the blackboard: How the blackboard became an effective and ubiquitous teaching tool. -
A history of the blackboard: How the blackboard became an effective and ubiquitous teaching tool.
"The blackboard is a recent innovation. Erasable slates, a cheap but durable substitute for costly paper and ink, had been in use for centuries. Students could practice reading and writing and math on their slates, in the classroom or at home. But it wasn’t until 1800 that James Pillans, headmaster of the Old High School of Edinburgh, Scotland, wanting to offer geography lessons to his students that required larger maps, connected a number of smaller slates into a single grand field. And in 1801, George Baron, a West Point mathematics teacher, also began to use a board of connected slates, the most effective way, he found, to illustrate complex formulas to a larger audience." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Although the term blackboard did not appear until 1815, the use of these cobbled-together slates spread quickly; by 1809, every public school in Philadelphia was using them. Teachers now had a flexible and versatile visual aid, a device that was both textbook and blank page, as well as a laboratory, and most importantly, a point of focus. The blackboard illustrates and is illustrated. Students no longer simply listened to the teacher; they had reason to look up from their desks." - Maitani
I'd assumed they'd been around for ever. :) - Ken Morley
The Linguistics of LOL - Britt Peterson - The Atlantic -
The Linguistics of LOL - Britt Peterson - The Atlantic
"When two friends created the site I Can Has Cheezburger?, in 2007, to share cat photos with funny, misspelled captions, it was a way of cheering themselves up. They probably weren’t thinking about long-term sociolinguistic implications. But seven years later, the “cheezpeep” community is still active online, chattering away in lolspeak, its own distinctive variety of English. lolspeak was meant to sound like the twisted language inside a cat’s brain, and has ended up resembling a down-South baby talk with some very strange characteristics, including deliberate misspellings (teh, ennyfing), unique verb forms (gotted, can haz), and word reduplication (fastfastfast). It can be difficult to master. One user writes that it used to take at least 10 minutes “to read adn unnerstand” a paragraph. (“Nao, it’z almost like a sekund lanjuaje.”)" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"To a linguist, all of this sounds a lot like a sociolect: a language variety that’s spoken within a social group, like Valley Girl–influenced ValTalk or African American Vernacular English. (The word dialect, by contrast, commonly refers to a variety spoken by a geographic group—think Appalachian or Lumbee.) Over the past 20 years, online sociolects have been springing up around the... more... - Maitani
The other day, Andrew mention how Yelp has it's own sort of language. I thought about the spaces I occupy online and how some of those particular sites or interests have their own language. Even though I don't participate, I can certainly understand what is being said. I found it frustrating trying to explain something to my husand in full English because he wouldn't understand the full slang of the group. - Anika
BBC News - Nobel Prize: How English beat German as language of science -
BBC News - Nobel Prize: How English beat German as language of science
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""If you look around the world in 1900, and someone told you, 'Guess what the universal language of science will be in the year 2000', you would first of all laugh at them. It was obvious that no one language would be the language of science, but a mixture of French, German and English would be the right answer," says Princeton University's Rosengarten professor of modern and contemporary history Michael Gordin." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
""So the story of the 20th Century is not so much the rise of English as the serial collapse of German as the up-and-coming language of scientific communication," Gordin says." - Maitani
There were still a few books on Regelungstechnik floating around my institute when I was in university, but most people of my generation aren't literate enough in German to easily make use such textbooks. - Eivind
Love me some Beilstein and Gmelin! - Meg VMeg from Android
EpiDoc: Epigraphic Documents in TEI XML / Home / Home -
EpiDoc: Epigraphic Documents in TEI XML / Home / Home
"EpiDoc is an international, collaborative effort that provides guidelines and tools for encoding scholarly and educational editions of ancient documents. It uses a subset of the Text Encoding Initiative 's standard for the representation of texts in digital form and was developed initially for the publication of digital editions of ancient inscriptions (e.g. Inscriptions of Aphrodisias , Vindolanda Tablets ). Its domain has expanded to include the publication of papyri and manuscripts (e.g. ). It addresses not only the transcription and editorial treatment of texts themselves, but also the history and materiality of the objects on which the texts appear (i.e., manuscripts, monuments, tablets, papyri, and other text-bearing objects)." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
The Ashoka Project on the Bibliotheca Polyglotta -
The Ashoka Project on the Bibliotheca Polyglotta
"This Library contains an edition of Ashoka’s inscriptions ordered into ten types1 as seen in the meny on the left. The texts are so far based upon Hultzsch (1925). The page will also publish the rest of the known inscriptions, and, further, images and secondary materials on the topic for both edicational needs and research. The development of the library is a cooperation between indological milieus at Texas University, Austin, and at Oslo University. Below is a project description which is the basis of the cooperation. Other contacts are also being made to build the site further. The persons involoved so far are: Joel Brereton, Donald R.Davis, Oliver Freiberger, Janice Leoshko, Patrick Olivelle, Texas University; Ute Hüsken, Jens Braarvig, Oslo University." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Bibliotheca Polyglotta -
Bibliotheca Polyglotta
"The Bibliotheca Polyglotta (BP) is a multilingual corpus of historically important texts. As such it is a resource to access the global history of concepts as displayed in a number of languages, and it demonstrates how concepts diffuse historically into new languages, and thus into new cultural contexts. The BP is in a phase of being constructed, and contains so far the following libraries: - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The Thesaurus Literaturae Buddhicae (TLB) contains a number of Buddhist multilingual texts (Sanskrit, Chinese, Tibetan, English, etc.). The TLB was the first library to be established under the project; Biblia contains the Biblical Books of the Old Testament in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, English, and the complete New Testament in Greek, Latin, English, etc. More versions will be added with... more... - Maitani
"One can search any word or phrase in the corpus or in a chosen set of texts and have the search results written out, and further access any search result in its sentence by sentence multilingual mode by clicking on the reference in the search result. Every sentence in the BP has a Permanent link as a unique identification. The permanent link may be extracted by clicking on "Permanent link" on the bottom of the screen, and may be used as a reference to access the multilingual record which it refers to." - Maitani
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