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Maitani
Dienekes’ Anthropology Blog: Where pastoralist met farmer and East met West (Spengler et al. 2014) - http://dienekes.blogspot.de/2014...
Dienekes’ Anthropology Blog: Where pastoralist met farmer and East met West (Spengler et al. 2014)
"Archaeobotanical data from Central Eurasian pastoralist campsites have major implications for our understanding of late prehistoric agriculture across Asia. Sites like Tasbas and Begash illustrate the earliest acquisition of domesticated crops by mobile pastoralists and illustrate their capacity to participate in exchanges that bridged East Asian and Central Asian farming cultures by the early third millennium BC." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Mobile pastoralists living in (southern) Central Asian alluvial fans and along the mountainous spine of Central Eurasia also integrated farming into their own domestic strategies (at least) by the mid second millenniumBC. Their pastoral mobility and the formation of extensive networks throughout the IAMC helped spread particular grain morphotypes and a mixed plant cohort of wheat,... more... - Maitani
Maitani
International Dunhuang Project: Photographs of Samye Monastery in 1935–36 - http://idpuk.blogspot.de/2014...
International Dunhuang Project: Photographs of Samye Monastery in 1935–36
"We have just digitized a series of photographs of Samye monastery taken in 1935–36. These prints are from the papers of F.W. Thomas, Tibetologist and librarian at the India Office Library. They were sent to him by Hugh Richardson, another Tibetologist who was stationed in Tibet as the British Trade Agent for several years. There are two different sets of photos. Richardson posted the first set of thirteen to Thomas in August 1938, explaining that they were taken at a consecration ceremony held at Samye after recent restoration works. Here is the text of Richardson's letter:" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Maitani
Lists of the Best Sentences — Opening, Closing, and Otherwise — in English-Language Novels - Open Culture - http://www.openculture.com/2014...
Lists of the Best Sentences — Opening, Closing, and Otherwise — in English-Language Novels - Open Culture
"You’ve almost certainly read all three of these sentences before, or even if you don’t remember the lines in particular, you’ve probably read the famous novels they come from. The American Scholar highlights them as three of the ten finest in English-language literature, alongside other sentences composed by the likes of F. Scott Fitzgerald, John Hersey, and Ernest Hemingway. Writing at Poynter.org, Roy Peter Clark explains just what makes these sentences so great, from Joyce’s use of “forge” (“For the narrator it means to strengthen metal in fire. But it also means to fake, to counterfeit, perhaps a gentle tug at [the protagonist's] hubris”) to Austen’s structural elegance (“Who could not admire a sentence with such a clear demarcation beginning, middle, and end?”) to Nabokov’s reflection of his narrator’s self-delusion." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"At The Atlantic, Joe Fassler has separately collected 22 writers’ own favorite novel-opening lines, a list that includes the one from Nabokov’s highly quotable novel and another from later in Joyce’s oeuvre:" - Maitani
The only first line that came to mind when I tried to think of my favorites was: "I come from Des Moines. Somebody had to." :) - Eivind
Sean McBride
A Map of What Every Single Country Leads the World In. | elephant journal - http://www.elephantjournal.com/2014...
A Map of What Every Single Country Leads the World In. | elephant journal
"A few interesting ones: Republic of Ireland leads in quality of life? The U.K leads in fascist groups? And since they didn’t make the map, Lithuania has one of the highest percentages of literate people in the whole world." - Sean McBride from Bookmarklet
I thought Iceland was leading in quality of life. I didn't know we are leading in "almost winning the world cup" either. And the countries I('d) love to visit: smoking, cocaine, Uefa, tourism, apricots and Mohnflesserl! :-) - Maitani
Maitani -- I take it you are an Icelander? - Sean McBride
I like the idea, but alas I am not. :-) - Maitani
Maitani
Does the unconscious know when you’re being lied to? « Mind Hacks - http://mindhacks.com/2014...
"The headlines BBC: Truth or lie – trust your instinct, says research British Psychological Society: Our subconscious mind may detect liars Daily Mail: Why you SHOULD go with your gut: Instinct is better at detecting lies than our conscious mind The Story Researchers at the University of California, Berkeley, have shown that we have the ability to unconsciously detect lies, even when we’re not able to explicitly say who is lying and who is telling the truth." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Maitani
Odd Job Man and Language! by Jonathon Green, review - Telegraph - http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture...
Odd Job Man and Language! by Jonathon Green, review - Telegraph
"'Slang represents humanity at its most human,” writes Jonathon Green in one of his signature declarative sentences, which leave a slight sense of the author looking around, whiskers a-quiver, to see if anyone is going to yell out “scuzzball” or “swamp-breath”, before he plunges on to supply us with a further definition: slang is the lexis of “our less admirable but absolutely unavoidable selves”." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Slang’s first compilers were chippy individualists, routinely beset by financial worries and complex marital lives. They were never grandees like the 70-odd team beavering away still on the Oxford English Dictionary in Great Clarendon Street (less than 30 yards from where I live in Oxford). They numbered Francis Grose (1731-91), the son of a Swiss jeweller, who was so fat that his... more... - Maitani
Micah
A tradition that has lasted at least three generations in your family:
A really old one in our family: as far back as anyone can remember, each generation has procreated and had offspring. *sagenod* /smartass - Michael W. May
Sure, eliminate alien intervention out of hand, go ahead. - Micah from FFHound(roid)!
Laziness. - Starmama from FFHound(roid)!
The Birthday Girl/Boy makes the first cut, but does NOT pull the knife out. Someone else does. - Yvonne
Is there a particular meaning to that ritual, Yvonne? - Micah from FFHound(roid)!
Supposedly bad luck to pull the knife out, but I honestly have no idea why. LOL! - Yvonne
A love of British television comedies. - Brent Schaus
Eating sausage on Groundhog Day. Because ground hog. - Betsy
Bowl haircut. - Rodfather
The name of the oldest born male is Edwin S* Mack -- five generations and still going. (The S varies.) - Stephen Mack
The middle name Martin for the first-born sons. Mine, my son’s, my father’s, his father, and so forth. - Akiva
Getting a Christmas tree around December 10-15. - Joe - Systems Analyst
Hoarding. - Corinne L
Drinking heavily. - LB's Bubba. The other 1
Homemade noodles over mashed potatoes at Thanksgiving. - Meg VMeg
Until I demitted, Freemasonry. - Brent Schaus
Oh, and on the other side of the famiy: graduating from Harvard (but only the dudes, and it ended with my uncles). - Meg VMeg
Mild choking on food while trying to talk at the dinner table. - Andrew C (✔) from Android
Making dill pickles every summer. Being Lutheran (that one is really, really old.) A kid gets to request their favorite food for their birthday. - Jennifer Dittrich
We have quite a few, surprisingly. The top two that come to mind are making ravioli by hand every Christmas and Easter, and passing along the first name of the father as the middle name of the eldest son. - Hookuh Tinypants
I come from a very long line of packrats and frugal tinkerers. And to be a really good frugal tinkerer, you need a lot of junk to work with. :-D - April Russo
The first name Josef for the first-born son, my great-grandfather, my grandfather, my father and my brother. My siblings and I broke with this tradition. Repeatedly and sometimes perseveringly using idiosyncratic words, expressions, sayings, some from our childhood. Playing an instrument. My grandfather played the bass tuba, my father taught himself to play a children's instrument called Melodika and xylophone, and I used to play piano. - Maitani
Maitani
The Doctor and the Saint | The Caravan - A Journal of Politics and Culture - http://caravanmagazine.in/reporta...
The Doctor and the Saint | The Caravan - A Journal of Politics and Culture
"ANNIHILATION OF CASTE is the nearly eighty-year-old text of a speech that was never delivered.* When I first read it I felt as though somebody had walked into a dim room and opened the windows. Reading Dr Bhimrao Ramji Ambedkar bridges the gap between what most Indians are schooled to believe in and the reality we experience every day of our lives." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"My father was a Hindu, a Brahmo. I never met him until I was an adult. I grew up with my mother, in a Syrian Christian family in Ayemenem, a small village in communist-ruled Kerala. And yet all around me were the fissures and cracks of caste. Ayemenem had its own separate “Parayan” church where “Parayan” priests preached to an “untouchable” congregation. Caste was implied in peoples’... more... - Maitani
Arundhati Roy, the Not-So-Reluctant Renegade http://www.nytimes.com/2014... - Maitani
An Open Letter to Ms. Arundhati Roy Concerning B. R. Ambedkar's Annihilation of Caste - and Roy's response http://www.3quarksdaily.com/3quarks... - Maitani
The Rationalist and the Romantic - Namit Arora on Arundhati Roy’s introduction to Dr. BR Ambedkar’s Annihilation of Caste http://blog.shunya.net/shunyas... - Maitani
Maitani
How to Search the Invisible Web - OnlineUniversities.com - http://www.onlineuniversities.com/article...
How to Search the Invisible Web - OnlineUniversities.com
"What we access every day through popular search engines like Google, Yahoo or Bing is referred to as the Surface Web. These familiar search engines crawl through tens of trillions of pages of available content (Google alone is said to have indexed more than 30 trillion web pages) and bring that content to us on demand. As big as this trove of information is, however, this represents only the tip of the iceberg. Eric Schmidt, the CEO of Google, was asked to estimate the size of the World Wide Web. He estimated that of roughly 5 million terabytes of data, Google has indexed roughly 200 terabytes, or only .004% of the total internet." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Open access journal databases (OAJD) are compilations of free scholarly journals maintained in a manner that facilitates access by researchers and others who are seeking specific information or knowledge. Because these databases are comprised of unlinked content, they are located in the invisible web. The vast majority of these journals are of the highest quality, with peer reviews and... more... - Maitani
Maitani
A Calendar Page for April 2014 - Medieval manuscripts blog - http://britishlibrary.typepad.co.uk/digitis...
A Calendar Page for April 2014 - Medieval manuscripts blog
A Calendar Page for April 2014 - Medieval manuscripts blog
A Calendar Page for April 2014 - Medieval manuscripts blog
"Happy April everybody! And what better way to start the month than with some more sensational pages from the stupendous Huth Hours? If you have already been following our blog – and who hasn’t? – you’ll know that our calendar of the year is taken from this beautiful 15th-century manuscript (for more information, please see our post A Calendar Page for January 2014)." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"So what delights does April bring us? The promise of early spring often yields images of very pleasant labours indeed for this month, and these calendar pages from the Huth Hours are no exception. Our first folio gives us a roundel miniature of a well-dressed couple courting while walking along a garden path. The themes of fertility, birth, and rebirth are emphasised by the flowering... more... - Maitani
Maitani
BBC News - The six key moments of the Cold War relived - http://www.bbc.com/news...
BBC News - The six key moments of the Cold War relived
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"The US, UK and France were allied with the communist Soviet Union during World War Two, but as it became clear victory in the war was approaching new battle lines started to be drawn. What followed was 45 years of tension, marked by espionage and proxy wars involving client states, all undertaken with the knowledge of the nuclear catastrophe that actual war would bring. People who experienced the key events of the conflict describe how it affected them - and Cold War expert Scott Lucas, of Birmingham University and EA WorldView, explains how they fitted into the bigger picture." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Maitani
IN DEFENCE OF DIVERSITY | Pandaemonium - http://kenanmalik.wordpress.com/2013...
IN DEFENCE OF DIVERSITY | Pandaemonium
IN DEFENCE OF DIVERSITY | Pandaemonium
"... Behind contemporary hostility to immigration lies a sense of the dissolution of such identity, of the erosion of common values. There lies also the breakdown of traditional political mechanisms, the growing chasm between the elite and the public, and the abandonment by mainstream parties of their traditional working class constituencies. As a result, argues Goodhart, what he calls the ‘left behind’ white working class experience immigration ‘as a loss, either directly because they lived in a neighbourhood that was rapidly changed by it or indirectly because their working class culture and institutions seemed to be pushed aside by the same market forces that then ushered in the newcomers’." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
If only she had read my essay first http://kenanmalik.wordpress.com/2014... - Maitani
That's a really good essay. - Eivind
"In the 1960s and 1970s Muslim immigrants did not yearn to express their differences but, rather, demanded that they should not be treated differently. Only subsequently did Muslims, from a generation that was ironically more integrated than that of their parents, begin to assert their cultural distinctiveness. Why? In part because of the imposition of multicultural policies and the creation of a more tribal nation." - Maitani
In his response to Melanie Phillips' anti-immigration-rhetoric, he points out a few more arguments that are also important, such as the one cited above. - Maitani
Melanie Phillips responds http://kenanmalik.wordpress.com/2014... - Maitani
Maitani
"A peaceful sun gilded her evening" | OUPblog - http://blog.oup.com/2014...
"A peaceful sun gilded her evening" | OUPblog
"On 31 March 1855 – Easter Sunday – Charlotte Brontë died at Haworth Parsonage. She was 38 years old, and the last surviving Brontë child. In this deeply moving letter to her literary advisor W. S. Williams, written on 4 June 1849, she reflects on the deaths of her sisters Anne and Emily." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Maitani
“In the Ukraine”? “In Ukraine”? “On Ukraine”?—Clarifying the Issue | GeoCurrents - http://www.geocurrents.info/cultura...
“In the Ukraine”? “In Ukraine”? “On Ukraine”?—Clarifying the Issue | GeoCurrents
"A recent article in The Washington Post by Katie Zezima asked whether the country should be referred to as “the Ukraine” or simply “Ukraine”, without the definite article. Recent usage of the article with the country’s name by several American politicians apparently raised some ire on the part of certain Ukrainian pundits. Former US ambassador to Ukraine William B. Taylor Jr. explains: “I don’t want to say it’s derogatory, but it’s putting it in a subordinate position. When you talk about ‘the Ukraine’, that suggests that you really don’t think that Ukraine is a sovereign independent country.”" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"It is time for GeoCurrents to dispel some myths about this issue. First, note that some differences in toponym usage or pronunciation correlate with one’s political views. Take, for example, the pronunciation of the second vowel in the country name Iraq: it can be pronounced either as in father or as in fat. As discovered by Stanford linguistics graduate students Lauren Hall-Lew,... more... - Maitani
Maitani
How We Retrieve Memories - Brain Basics #1 - Scientific American - http://www.scientificamerican.com/video...
"Have you ever had a moment of temporary amnesia when you can't recall a certain word or someone's name? That's because your brain wasn't able to recreate the pattern of activity that occurred when the memory was stored. Learn more in the first of a series of videos from Scientific American MIND." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
I hope I'll manage to watch at least part of the video. - Maitani
I've also read as you get older this occurs not because of dementia, because you just know too much stuff. It becomes hard to retrieve everything efficiently. - Todd Hoff
Ima go with that, Todd. It's like that guy on Charlie Rose says... what was his name anyway? I can picture him... I've read several of his books... I almost had it just then... ach... it's gone. Oh well. #JustKidding #EricKandel - Jkram|ɯɐɹʞſ
Maitani
"This week IDP UK has been taking part in Twitter’s #MuseumWeek event and today for the ‘Test Your Knowledge’ #MuseumMastermind day we prepared two quizzes and a bonus question. For the first quiz we asked our followers to identify the languages and scripts of manuscripts, and for the second we asked them to name the pictured buddha or bodhisattva. The bonus question was to tell us the printing date of the Diamond Sutra currently on display in the Sir John Ritblat Gallery at the British Library. The answers to all our questions are shown below." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
The post displays more wonderful samples of languages and scripts of ancient manuscripts. - Maitani
A few of our favourite things - the complete series http://idpuk.blogspot.de/2014... - Maitani
Maitani
Working Memory and The Movies Streaming In Our Heads | Talking back, Scientific American Blog Network - http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/talking...
Working Memory and The Movies Streaming In Our Heads | Talking back, Scientific American Blog Network
"Peter Carruthers began his career studying philosophy as an undergraduate at the University of Leeds, an outpost for Wittgenstein scholarship. Carruthers waded through the Austrian-British philosopher’s thinking for the early part of his career, getting a doctorate from Oxford and publishing books on Wittgenstein along the way." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Maitani
What the bilingual brain tells us about language learning | OUPblog - http://blog.oup.com/2014...
What the bilingual brain tells us about language learning | OUPblog
"One of the most common questions people ask revolves around when and how to learn a second language. One common view is that earlier is better. There is good evidence for this view. A number of studies have found that the earlier a person learns a second language, the better they perform on a number of tests. Particularly sensitive to age is a person’s ability to speak without an accent and to detect speech sounds that are not present in their native language. For example, infants can detect sounds from a language not in their environment at six months of age. By 10 months of age they lose this ability. This suggests that the ability to detect speech sounds from around the globe is available to all infants but slowly fades away. Another arena where age plays a role is in the processing of grammar. Those who learn a second language later in life do not perform as well on tests of grammar as early learners. Hence, the ability to learn grammar and speech sounds appears to be very dependent on the age that one first learns a language." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Despite this general rule, there are some very interesting exceptions. For example, Christophe Pallier and his colleagues tested a group of adults who had been born in Korea and adopted as children in France between the ages of 4-8. This group of adults were asked to listen to sentences in Korean, French, or an unknown language. The results revealed no difference in their brain... more... - Maitani
There were cases of people who lost access to one or both languages after suffering brain damage.... - yedi
ayrıca bu portekizce çok tehlikeli bir lisan hep uyarıyoruz, dinletemiyoruz. - yedi
Maitani
Babel's Dawn: Sentences and Events - http://www.babelsdawn.com/babels_...
Babel's Dawn: Sentences and Events
"The current thesis favored on this blog is that language is a system for directing one another's attention so that we can share perceptions, real, imaginary or metaphorical. As it stands now I propose that human evolution began with the formation of communities based on cooperation and sharing. Once our ancestor moved from social to communal arrangements the normal, individualistic, Darwinian impediments to sharing gave way to the group benefits of cooperation and trust. Language became a part of the new order in which, initially, people spoke literally, pointing out perceptible details of reality." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
how does that relate to the concept of "shared intentionality" of Tomasello then? #insandili - Cenabiyül Nassin
Maitani
Wattle and daub - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia - http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki...
Wattle and daub - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Wattle and daub - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
"Wattle and daub is a composite building material used for making walls, in which a woven lattice of wooden strips called wattle is daubed with a sticky material usually made of some combination of wet soil, clay, sand, animal dung and straw. Wattle and daub has been used for at least 6000 years and is still an important construction material in many parts of the world. Many historic buildings include wattle and daub construction, and the technique is becoming popular again in more developed areas as a low-impact sustainable building technique." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The wattle and daub technique was used already in the Neolithic period. It was common for houses of a Linear pottery and Rössen cultures of Central Europe, but is also found in Western Asia (Çatalhöyük, Shillourokambos) as well as in North America (Mississippian Culture) and South America (Brazil). In Africa it is common in the architecture of traditional houses such as those of the... more... - Maitani
I looked up WATTLE because of Anika's post on Chinampas ("floating gardens") http://ff.im/1gDrYZ - Maitani
They are also a great law firm. - Todd Hoff
Maitani
Oriental Institute | IRAN - Persepolis - http://oi.uchicago.edu/gallery...
Oriental Institute | IRAN - Persepolis
"IRAN: Persepolis - Apadana of Darius (ca. 520 B.C.) - Detail of the middle register of the left side of the eastern stairway, showing foreigners bringing tribute." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Maitani
Deep Habits: Should You Track Hours or Milestones? - Study Hacks - Cal Newport - http://calnewport.com/blog...
Deep Habits: Should You Track Hours or Milestones? - Study Hacks - Cal Newport
"Some of you have been requesting to hear more about my own struggles to live deeply in a distracted world. In this spirit, I want discuss strategies for completing important but non-urgent projects. In my experience, there are two useful things to track with respect to this type of work:" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The advantage of tracking milestones, for example, is that the urge to achieve a clear outcome can inspire you to hustle; i.e., drop everything for a couple days and just hammer on the project until it gets where you need it to be. Sometimes my projects fall into a state of stasis where hustle of this type is needed to get unstuck." - Maitani
"The advantage of tracking hours, on the other hand, is that many of the important but non-urgent projects I pursue cannot be forced. I can commit, for example, to finishing a proof in a week, but this doesn’t mean I will succeed. Some proofs never come together; some take months (or years); others fall quickly. It’s hard to predict. Tracking hours in this context ensures, at the very least, that these projects are getting a good share of my time, even if I can’t predict what will finish and when." - Maitani
Maitani
A Concise History of Geological Maps: From Outcrop to the first Map | History of Geology, Scientific American Blog Network - http://blogs.scientificamerican.com/history...
A Concise History of Geological Maps: From Outcrop to the first Map | History of Geology, Scientific American Blog Network
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"March 23, 1769 marks the birthday of pioneering stratigrapher William Smith, who is also credited with creating the first useful geological map, however like many other great accomplishments also Smith’s idea of depicting the distribution of rocks on a topographic map didn’t materialize out of nowhere." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The German mining engineer Georgius Agricola (1494-1555) dedicated in his “De re metallica” (1556) - an early textbook on mining technologies – an entire chapter to the distribution of valuable rocks in earth’s crust. The written description is correlated with various figures, showing in a sort of combined landscape – section the distribution, thickness and direction inside the mountain of the mineralized veins." - Maitani
Maitani
The Holozene Lattice - by Razib Khan http://www.unz.com/gnxp...
razib440px-PazuzuDemonAssyria1stMilleniumBCE-190x300.jpg
"Joe Pickrell and David Reich have put up a preprint at BioRxiv, Towards a new history and geography of human genes informed by ancient DNA. Since it’s a preprint at BioRxiv you can 1) read it for free 2) comment on it. It is a magesterial review of “where we are,” though close readers of this weblog may not find much that is new in their survey of the empirical results which are coming out of human population genomics and ancient DNA analysis. In regards to this let me highlight two sentences. First, it is now clear that long-range migration, admixture and population replacement have been the rule rather than the exception in human history. Second, the serial founder effect model is no longer a reasonable null hypothesis for modeling the ancient spread of anatomically modern humans around the globe. For the second I’m thinking in particular of Sohini Ramanchandran’s 2005 paper, Support from the relationship of genetic and geographic distance in human populations for a serial founder effect originating in Africa, though the model is older than that obviously, as is made clear in the acknowledgments." - Maitani
Maitani
The Normans and Empire - by David Bates http://blog.oup.com/2014...
normans4568.jpg
"The expansion of the peoples calling themselves the Normans throughout northern and southern Europe and the Middle East has long been one of the most popular and written about topics in medieval history. Hence, although devoted mainly to the history of the cross-Channel empire created by William the Conqueror’s conquest of the English kingdom in 1066 and the so-called loss of Normandy in 1204, I wanted to contribute to these discussions and to the ongoing debates about the impact of this expansion on the histories of the nations and cultures of Europe. That peoples from a region of northern France should become conquerors is one of the apparently inexplicable paradoxes of the subject. The other one is how the conquering Normans apparently faded away, absorbed into the societies they had conquered or within the kingdom of France." - Maitani
Maitani
Do “Native Americans and Russians share the same language”? | GeoCurrents - http://www.geocurrents.info/cultura...
Do “Native Americans and Russians share the same language”? | GeoCurrents
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"GeoCurrents has extensively criticized the mainstream media for its gross misrepresentations of current linguistic research, with headlines such as “English Language ‘Originated in Turkey’”, which does little but deceive and confuse the public. The recent headline in The Daily Mail “Native Americans and Russians share the same language: Dialects reveal how ancestors migrated 13,000 years ago” is another example of such blatant inaccuracy that reveals ignorance of the subject being reported. Leaving aside the imprecise use of the term “dialect” (dialect of what? a language whose other dialects do not reveal the same thing?), the claim that “Native Americans and Russians share the same language” is nonsensical. This problem is not limited to the headline, as the very first sentence of the article states that “It’s been known for years that some Native Americans and Russians share ancestors”—a sentence that presupposes the unquestionable truth of what is in actuality a highly problematic proposition." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
This is related to "Language 'evolution' may shed light on human migration out-of-Beringia: Relationship between Siberian, North American languages", see http://ff.im/1goIze - Maitani
Jessie
Etymology - Normans vs. Saxons: cow = beef, sheep = mutton, chicken =? - http://english.stackexchange.com/questio...
"The story goes that after the Norman invasion of England, the words in English for prepared foods took on their French equivalents. The Saxon serfs bred the cows, sheep, and swine, which when served on gilded plates to their Norman rulers were referred to as beef, mutton, and pork respectively, a practice that continues to this day. My question is, why was the humble chicken, a word which does not have a French connection, discriminated against? Why don't we refer to cooked chicken as something like poulet?" - Jessie from Bookmarklet
"According to this paper (PDF) from Phillip Slavin, chicken was one meat that even the peasantry could afford to eat. 'Although poultry occupied the smallest part of demesne livestock, constituting about two per cent of it (Table 1), its social importance and omnipresence cannot be understated, despite scholarly marginalization. Chicken meat constituted an important part of everyday... more... - Jessie
"Chicken" is the Anglo-Saxon derived term while "poultry" is the Norman French term, no? - Victor Ganata
Right. I've seen some use of "pullet" in English to refer to a cooked young chicken, but I think it's mostly antiquated. - Jessie
I think "poultry" also includes ducks and geese, right? - Jessie
Yeah, poultry would be any domesticated bird. - Victor Ganata
There isn't a Norman French-derived Modern English word for fish, is there? - Victor Ganata
This food explanation is the only thing I remember from reading "Ivanhoe" in 9th grade. - m9m, Crone of FriendFeed
"Fish" in French is "poisson," and I can't think of an English word similar to that. - John (bird whisperer)
I wonder if it's because fish weren't "farmed" in the sense that the other animals were? - Jessie
What about game? Are there English/French naming pairs? I thought not, but then I am not a native speaker. - Maitani
I think deer / venison is an English/French pairing. - John (bird whisperer)
I think "pheasant" is similar in both as well. - Jessie
Fowl? (Though that can include wild birds as well.) - Jkram|ɯɐɹʞſ from Android
It looks like "fowl" is of Anglo-Saxon provenance. - Victor Ganata
Chicken = What ever we taste that is not normal. Really.. people.. let find another tastes like subject other then chicken. - Me
ma∟ıĸ
Google Doodle. First Day of Spring 2014.
Google Doodle. First Day of Spring 2014.
Happy Spring, Malik! :) - Posmo
wow very nice - Sambara Moin
Happy Spring to you too, Posmo!! :) - ma∟ıĸ
Sambara Moin :) - ma∟ıĸ
Happy Spring, Malik! :-)) - Maitani
Froher Frühling, Maitani! :)) - ma∟ıĸ
Happy Vernal Equinox! - Iván Abrego
Happy Vernal Equinox, Iván! :) - ma∟ıĸ
Maitani
Happy Nowruz!
nowruz2014.JPG
Nowruz is my favorite holiday, because I really feel like celebrating the arrival of spring, and I like how this has been celebrated for hundreds of years in Persian culture as well as by people of various cultural and religious backgrounds. - Maitani
Happy Nowruz, dear Maitani <3 - mina_sydney from iPhone
Mina!!! I wish you happiness, prosperity and good luck! <3 - Maitani
Maitani
JRR Tolkien translation of Beowulf to be published after 90-year wait | Books | theguardian.com - http://www.theguardian.com/books...
JRR Tolkien translation of Beowulf to be published after 90-year wait | Books | theguardian.com
"Hwæt! Almost 90 years after JRR Tolkien translated the 11th-century poem Beowulf, The Lord of the Rings author's version of the epic story is to be published for the first time in an edition which his son Christopher Tolkien says sees his father "enter[ing] into the imagined past" of the heroes." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Telling of how the Geatish prince Beowulf comes to the aid of Danish king Hroðgar, slaying the monster Grendel and his mother before - spoiler alert - being mortally wounded by a dragon years later, Beowulf is is the longest epic poem in Old English, and is dated to the early 11th century. It survives in a single manuscript, housed at the British Library, and has inspired countless... more... - Maitani
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