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Maitani › Comments

Overcoming Bias : Authentic =? Accepted -
"We usually hear that being “authentic” is to “be yourself”, as opposed to “pretending”. But consider some clues about authenticity:" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"This clue seems especially telling: Subjects sometimes reported feeling more authentic when they acted “out of character” during activities in the lab, such as playing Twister or debating medical ethics. Introverts felt “truer to themselves” when they were acting like extroverts; ditto disagreeable people who were acting agreeable, and careless people who were acting conscientiously. " - Maitani
The Classical World from A to Z | OUPblog -
The Classical World from A to Z | OUPblog
"For over 2,000 years the civilizations of ancient Greece and Rome have captivated our collective imagination and provided inspiration for many aspects of our lives, from culture, literature, drama, cinema, and television to society, education, and politics. With over 700 entries on everything and anything related to the classical world in the Oxford Companion to Classical Civilization, we created an A-Z list of facts you should know about the time period." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Baths: Public baths, often located near the forum (civic centre), were a normal part of Roman towns in Italy by the 1st century BC, and seem to have existed at Rome even earlier. Bathing occupied a central position in the social life of the day." - Maitani
Bronze Age Lost Its Cutting Edge Before Climate Crisis - Truthdig -
Bronze Age Lost Its Cutting Edge Before Climate Crisis - Truthdig
"A new study suggests that Bronze Age cultures everywhere collapsed not because of sustained drought or flooding, but because of technological change. The gradual spread of iron foundries and smithies, they say, undermined the economic strengths of those centres with monopolies on the production of, and trade in, copper and tin—the elements in the alloy bronze." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Ian Armit, an archaeologist at the University of Bradford in the UK, and colleagues base their argument on careful studies of ancient climate, using a combination of pollen data and other evidence, plus 2,000 precision-dated archaeological finds from Ireland, from between 1200 BC and 400 AD. This evidence tells a different, but equally familiar, story." - Maitani
I was not aware there had ever been a consensus that drought and flooding was /the/ cause. After "the sea peoples did it" went out of fashion, it seems to me they've gone Pete Smith on the problem and just mumble "it's probably a bit more complicated than that" :) - Eivind
Eivind, and these books on the Dark Ages you have read but I haven't yet? What do they say? - Maitani
Mumble schmumble, I *clearly* state that it is more complicated than that. As it usually is :) As archaeology is Muddy Guessing With Equipment, though, who can say in this case. - Pete
The short version would be "we just don't know, and we'll probably never find out," Maitani :) Possible contributing factors I remember: Climate/crop failure, migrations from other areas (most often Europe and Western Anatolia) with war/unrest/crop failure, innovations in warfare, domino effect taking down the trade network node by node, and some complex systems theory thingy that the last guy I listened to reluctantly mentioned by confessed he didn't know that well. - Eivind
How could technology diffusion, that would have to take place over a very long time, cause a simultaneous collapse over a very large area? It doesn't make sense. It takes a lot for people to leave their homes, their lives. They would adapt. What could possibly be so compelling about an iron culture that would cause agricultural people to just pick up and move? And we don't see a real... more... - Todd Hoff
Upon closer examination, the study doesn't seem to be about the Eastern Mediterranean Bronze Age collapse at all, Todd. It's about the later transition from the Bronze Age to the Iron Age in north western Europe, and Ireland in particular. Hard to tell from the article except that dates are way too late. The title of the paper is "Rapid climate change did not cause population collapse at the end of the European Bronze Age." - Eivind
A working Lego particle accelerator -
"Huh. Someone built a working particle accelerator out of Lego bricks. Ok, it doesn't accelerate protons, but it does spin a small Lego ball around the ring much faster than I would have guessed." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Babies remember nothing but a good time, study says -- ScienceDaily -
Babies remember nothing but a good time, study says -- ScienceDaily
"Researchers performed memory tests with 5-month-old babies, and found that the babies better remembered shapes that were introduced with happy voices and faces. Past studies have shown that babies are very tuned to emotions, including the emotions of animals." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Miracles of Human Language: An Introduction to Linguistics -
"Everywhere, every day, everybody uses language. There is no human society, no matter how small or how isolated, which does not employ a language that is rich and diverse. This course introduces you to linguistics, featuring interviews with well-known linguists and with speakers of many different languages. Join us to explore the miracles of human language!" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The miracles of human language introduces you to the many-faceted study of languages, which has amazed humans since the beginning of history. Together with speakers of many other languages around the world, as well as with famous linguists such as Noam Chomsky, you will learn to understand and analyse how your native tongue is at the same time similar and different from many other... more... - Maitani
"Leiden University will present an Introduction to Linguistics this spring, in the form of a MOOC ('massive online open-access course'). Presenter prof. Marc van Oostendorp will introduce students into the basic concepts of linguistics, together with two of his own students and speakers of many different languages. You can find more information, and sign up, at the course page." - Maitani
Irrelevant, but interesting to me: When I began to use the social bookmarking website delicious in 2006 (my first attempt to participate in the web 2.0 world), Marc van Oostendorp's account was one of the first I followed there. :-) - Maitani
"The annual Stoic Week is approaching [1], so it seems like a good time to return to my ongoing exploration of Stoicism as a philosophy of life. I have been practicing Stoicism since 4 October 2014 [2], and so far so good. I have been able to be more mindful about what I do at any particular moment in my day — with consequences ranging from much less time spent on electronic gadgets to more focused sessions at the gym; I have exercised self-control in terms of my eating habits, as well as with my emotional reactions to situations that would have normally been irritating, or even generating anger; and I feel generally better prepared for the day ahead after my morning meditation." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"I have also spent some time reading Stoic texts, ancient and modern (indeed, I will probably offer a course on Stoicism “then and now” at City College in the Fall of ’15. Anyone interested?). Which in turn has led to an interest in exploring ways to update Stoicism to modern times not only in terms of its practice (where it’s already doing pretty well), but also its general theory, as far as it is reasonable to do so." - Maitani
War and Peace in the Bhagavad Gita by Wendy Doniger | The New York Review of Books -
War and Peace in the Bhagavad Gita by Wendy Doniger | The New York Review of Books
"How did Indian tradition transform the Bhagavad Gita (the “Song of God”) into a bible for pacifism, when it began life, sometime between the third century BC and the third century CE, as an epic argument persuading a warrior to engage in a battle, indeed, a particularly brutal, lawless, internecine war? It has taken a true gift for magic—or, if you prefer, religion, particularly the sort of religion in the thrall of politics that has inspired Hindu nationalism from the time of the British Raj to Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi today." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The Gita (as it is generally known to its friends) occupies eighteen chapters of book 6 of the Mahabharata, an immense (over 100,000 couplets) Sanskrit epic. The text is in the form of a conversation between the warrior Arjuna, who, on the eve of an apocalyptic battle, hesitates to kill his friends and family on the other side, and the incarnate god Krishna, who acts as Arjuna’s charioteer (a low-status job roughly equivalent to a bodyguard) and persuades him to do it." - Maitani
Eurozine - Geopolitics dressed in the language of law and morals - Rein Müllerson The case of Ukraine -
Eurozine - Geopolitics dressed in the language of law and morals - Rein Müllerson The case of Ukraine
"Reckless military interventions in other countries' affairs are becoming the norm globally. So what hope for international law? After all, argues Rein Müllerson, when it comes to bending and breaching international law, Russia has no lack of excellent examples to follow." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Methods of research in social science disciplines differ in many ways from those used in the natural sciences. However, it is advisable, even necessary, for the former to try to emulate the methods of the latter in at least one important respect: one should attempt to get as far away as possible from the viewpoint of an activist and as close as possible to the viewpoint of an impartial researcher." - Maitani
Evidence based debunking « Mind Hacks -
"Fed up with futile internet arguments, a bunch of psychologists investigated how best to correct false ideas. Tom Stafford discovers how to debunk properly." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
AWOL - The Ancient World Online: ASOR Resources online -
AWOL - The Ancient World Online: ASOR Resources online
"In preparation for this week's 2014 Annual Meeting of the American Schools of Oriental Research I have pulled together this short list of open access materials from ASOR:" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"All of the journals of the American School of Oriental Research, under past and present names, are accessible at JSTOR. Early volumes, for which copyright has expired, are available in open access:" - Maitani
Jorge Luis BORGES :: Buddhism, a lecture -
Jorge Luis BORGES :: Buddhism, a lecture
with Borges' literary flourish, translated from Spanish. \\ "What I have said today is fragmentary. It would have been absurd for me to have expounded on a doctrine to which I have dedicated many years – and of which I have understood little, really – with a wish to show a museum piece. Buddhism is not a museum piece for me: it is a path to salvation." - Adriano from Bookmarklet
Asoka was emperor of India, not China (just to get the facts straight). - Maitani
Life of the Buddha | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art -
Life of the Buddha | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Life of the Buddha | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
Life of the Buddha | Thematic Essay | Heilbrunn Timeline of Art History | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
"According to tradition, the historical Buddha lived from 563 to 483 B.C., although scholars postulate that he may have lived as much as a century later. He was born to the rulers of the Shakya clan, hence his appellation Shakyamuni, which means "sage of the Shakya clan." The legends that grew up around him hold that both his conception and birth were miraculous. His mother, Maya, conceived him when she dreamed that a white elephant entered her right side (The Dream of Queen Maya, 1976.402). She gave birth to him in a standing position while grasping a tree in a garden (Birth of the Buddha, 1987.417.1). The child emerged from Maya's right side fully formed and proceeded to take seven steps. Once back in the palace, he was presented to an astrologer who predicted that he would become either a great king or a great religious teacher and he was given the name Siddhartha ("He who achieves His Goal"). His father, evidently thinking that any contact with unpleasantness might prompt... more... - Maitani from Bookmarklet
prompted by reading Adriano's post - Maitani
Was Maastricht another Versailles for the German nation? A reply to Klaus Kastner | Yanis Varoufakis -
Was Maastricht another Versailles for the German nation? A reply to Klaus Kastner | Yanis Varoufakis
"Klaus Kastner suggests that Germans cannot sympathise with my analogy of the Greek Bailout as a new Versailles Treaty because many, in Germany, feel that Maastricht was another Verseilles Treaty imposed, by France, upon them. While there is no doubt that France tried, and failed, to adopt a predatory attitude toward Germany (and toward the Bundesbank in particular), the Maastricht-Versailles analogy is unsustainable and patently incorrect – in sharp contrast to the Greek Bailout-Versailles parallelism which is spot on." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Soon after the discovery of the Dead Sea Scrolls, it became evident that the publication was far too big a project for the local institutions. It was logical that other scholars were invited to join the researchers. From the beginning, Qumranology was an international and multidisciplinary affair." - Maitani
"Still, the publication of the scrolls proceeded slowly. There is nothing strange about this. A parallel is the non-publication of the tens of thousands of unpublished cuneiform tablets in the British Museum, some of which have been waiting for more than a century. The finds in the Dead Sea caves were not different: thousands of fragments belonging to some 970 scrolls." - Maitani
Nafplio is a seaport town in the Peloponnese in Greece. The town was the capital of the First Hellenic Republic, from the start of the Greek Revolution in 1821 until 1834. -
Nafplio is a seaport town in the Peloponnese in Greece. The town was the capital of the First Hellenic Republic, from the start of the Greek Revolution in 1821 until 1834.
On the road between Epidavros and Nafplio, in Arkadiko, you will find an old Mycenaean stone bridge, from the years 1300 - 1200 BC. Kazarma or Arkadiko Bridge is so well built that it can still be used. This is in fact the world's oldest bridge, not in the sense that it is the first to ever be built, but the oldest surviving! The bridge is 22 m long and 4 meters high and built of huge, so-called cyclopean stones. - Halil from Bookmarklet
Anyone been here? - Halil
Yes! It is a beautiful town, situated beautifully on that bay. I remember that the marketplace looked similiar to an Italian piazza. :-) - Maitani
John Oliver's Last Week Tonight is better than The Daily Show and The Colbert Report: Here's why. -
John Oliver's Last Week Tonight is better than The Daily Show and The Colbert Report: Here's why.
"I haven't watched an entire episode of The Daily Show or The Colbert Report in months. My disengagement coincided with the debut of Last Week Tonight With John Oliver, which ended its first season Sunday night. Oliver’s show gives me the same giddy charge that really great segments of The Daily Show and The Colbert Report once did. If you’re a fan of those Comedy Central time-slot-mates, you share their embedded video segments not just because they’re repeating your favorite bits of received political wisdom (which is a huge part of their appeal), but because there’s a high level of craft happening from one minute to the next: clever writing, acting, editing, and graphics. But there’s a big difference between those shows and Last Week: When I watch John Oliver, I feel as if some sort of progress is being made." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
I love him! I watch religiously each week. :) - Jenny H. from Android
Don't get this in Aus :( Sad panda - Mo Kargas
Not even on YouTube? That's how I watch. - Jenny H. from Android
Region locked :/ - Mo Kargas
it's available on torrent ;) - d☭snake
It's on pay TV. - Johnny from iPhone
Which service Johnny? - Mo Kargas
Foxtel. Comedy Channel. - Johnny from iPhone
Stuff that then. Not sending a penny to old Rupert - Mo Kargas
Ancient World Image Bank — Institute for the Study of the Ancient World -
Ancient World Image Bank — Institute for the Study of the Ancient World
"The Ancient World Image Bank is a collaborative effort to distribute and encourage the sharing of free digital imagery for the study of the ancient world. ISAW started AWIB by distributing imagery donated by its faculty, staff, and students via Flickr under a Creative Commons Attribution (cc-by) license. You can view and download those images via the isawnyu flickr account. That means that all you have to do to reuse one of our images is cite it in the manner indicated below. The effort has now expanded to include everyone interested in improving the free availability of ancient world imagery by way of the Ancient World Image Bank Flickr Group." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Work in Progress at the Ancient World Image Bank - Maitani
Apron, adder, and other words that used to begin with 'n'... | OxfordWords blog -
Apron, adder, and other words that used to begin with 'n'... | OxfordWords blog
"Because it is impossible in fast speech to tell whether the sound /n/ belongs to the indefinite article or the following noun, over the years the letter N has on rare occasions migrated from one word to the other. This process is referred to as metanalysis." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Below are a few examples of words that had their beginnings in beginning with N." - Maitani
"Pleiades gives scholars, students, and enthusiasts worldwide the ability to use, create, and share historical geographic information about the ancient world in digital form. At present, Pleiades has extensive coverage for the Greek and Roman world, and is expanding into Ancient Near Eastern, Byzantine, Celtic, and Early Medieval geography." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The most recently modified resources are shown in the map at left." - Maitani
"Boulder, Colo., USA – Scores of people were killed by an explosive eruption of Kīlauea Volcano, Hawai‘i, in 1790. Research presented in GSA Bulletin by D.A. Swanson of the Hawaiian Volcano Observatory and colleagues suggests that most of the fatalities were caused by hot, rapidly moving surges of volcanic debris and steam that engulfed the victims. Deposits of such surges occur on the surface on the west summit area and cover an ash bed indented with human footprints." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Is there anything you've banned from your home?
(an ultimatum you're clearly given your SO &/or kids) - Micah from FFHound(roid)!
All Disney TV/toy stuff and pumpkin anything. - Anika
Humans - Mo Kargas
Anything plaid. (Clothing and home décor items) - Janet
So kilts are right out. - Micah from FFHound(roid)!
Lilies - Marie
No, but it's a good idea, I'm in a banning mood. - Todd Hoff
9BEDBUGS ARE BANNED (i.e., furniture from the street) - Meg VMeg
I live alone, but firearms (unless you're an on-duty member of the police or armed forces,) which has cost me at least one friend who couldn't understand why I didn't want him carrying his unlicensed firearm (without a concealed carry permit) in my house. - Jennifer Dittrich
Skittles. - Jenny H. from Android
Chewing gum. - Maitani
Sex - yuvarlakkafa from Android
(Was not aware of the skittle ban. Was also not aware of skittles.) - Eivind
Barbie. - Melly Claus
Also the words "stupid" and "idiot". - Melly Claus
squidgy, sticky toys... - Marina's Godmother :-)
As the child of a hoarder, I've long banned newspapers from my house. Except now that I'm packing to move, I'm breaking my own ban & collecting newspaper for packing material :-P - Starmama from FFHound(roid)!
For kids, I've banned the words gay and fat as insults. I've banned Grand Theft Auto and almost all first-person shooter games. I've banned pro wrestling from the TV. I've banned music by R Kelly & Chris Brown. - Starmama from FFHound(roid)!
Durian and stinky tofu. - Jessie
Starmama: out of curiosity, which FPSes aren't banned? - Mark Trapp from iPhone
Whining. - Rodfather from Android
firearms, Durian (my wife laughs at me when i say this, no one can stop her), illicit drugs (i personally have no problem with pot or hash, but i'll be damned if i'll let any of my family get busted for possession cos someone came into our house with it), tracts, GOP/Tea Party ANYTHING, hate speech (wait, i think i just said that), physical violence for anything other than defensive purposes, modern "country" music, pan pipes, boy bands, auto-erotic asphyxiation, nuclear weapons, stinky cheese... - Big Joe Silence
Blurred Lines. - Melly Claus from FFHound!
Nope. - Steele Lawman
Mark: Men in Black & Spawn & a dinosaur hunting one I forgot the name of. - Starmama from FFHound(roid)!
Onions!! - Tamara J. B.
Starmama: ah, interesting, thanks! - Mark Trapp
"I ended my last post with a grumble about the impoverished view of humanity that I often encounter when I read linguistic musings. Most of the articlesI report on do not seem to grasp how much had to change for a lineage of apes to become a lineage of, say, Kalahari hunter-gatherers that can sit around a fire and tell each other about their emotions." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"We had to go through an evolutionary process that involved a lot more than developing a recursive function. We are at least as different from apes as ants are from grasshoppers, and any theory of language evolution ought to acknowledge that language requires unusual kind of animal." - Maitani
Icônes du Seicento | Philippe Jaroussky
I love to listen to Philippe Jaroussky, and to watch his performance. - Maitani
Antonín Dvořák, Requiem
I just attended a performance of Dvořák's Requiem. - Maitani
Deep Habits: Forget Your Project Ideas (Until You Can’t Forget Them) - Study Hacks - Cal Newport -
Deep Habits: Forget Your Project Ideas (Until You Can’t Forget Them) - Study Hacks - Cal Newport
"Keeping track of project ideas, in my experience, is usually a waste of time. I used to fear that if I didn’t capture and review my sparks of brilliance I’d forget them and an opportunity for impact would be lost." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"In more detail, in recent years I’ve found that a useful criteria for selecting an idea to deliberately attack (both in academia and my book writing) is that it won’t leave me alone; it keeps coming back to my attention even though I’m not trying to remind myself about it." - Maitani
Rembrandt in the Depths by Andrew Butterfield | NYRblog | The New York Review of Books -
Rembrandt in the Depths by Andrew Butterfield | NYRblog | The New York Review of Books
Rembrandt in the Depths by Andrew Butterfield | NYRblog | The New York Review of Books
"“Rembrandt: The Late Works,” an exhibition now on view at London’s National Gallery, will linger long in the mind of anyone who has the pleasure to see it. Bringing together approximately ninety paintings, prints, and drawings Rembrandt made at the end of his life, it reveals a great artist working with unprecedented technical command and emotional power, even as the world closes in around him." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"In the fifteen years before his death in 1669, Rembrandt suffered one terrible reversal after another. In 1654, his common-law wife Hendrickje Stoffels was condemned as a whore for her relationship with Rembrandt, and this led some important clients to ostracize him. Ever a spendthrift, he went bankrupt two years later and was forced to auction off his house, art collection, and... more... - Maitani
It looks so different without the legions of tourists :) - Eivind
It does. When I was there, I was so absorbed by the beauty of the place and its stunning history, that the presence of masses of people didn't bother me at all. :-) - Maitani
Then (in 2004) I planned to come back and spend a few days hanging out on the Acropolis and in Athens. I haven't visited Greece since, but I hope some day I will be back. - Maitani
They love Germans down there ;) - Eivind
I fear that could be a problem in situations when one might need help or something. I wish I could hang a plate around my neck, saying: I strongly disagree with Merkel's austerity policies! Although I am German, I am on "your" side! I am good! :( - Maitani
won't be a problem, don't worry, they might just tease you a little bit. the other day we called a cab and hopped in as a turk, an albanian, a german, and a bulgarian, i.e. arguably the most hated 4 nations in Greece, and the cab driver said that we should have walked into a bar and that'd be a joke. we said we had just walked out of one. - Alfonker Tapir
Demetrios the Traveller
Gigantes, weisse Riesenbohnen an Tomatensauce
I'd like to have a recipe for this dish. :-) - Maitani
Monthly etymology gleanings for October 2014, Part 2 | OUPblog -
Monthly etymology gleanings for October 2014, Part 2 | OUPblog
"Brown study As I mentioned last time, one of our correspondents asked me whether anything is known about this idiom. My database has very little on brown study, but I may refer to an editorial comment from the indispensable Notes and Queries (1862, 3rd Series/I, p. 190). The writer brings brown study in connection with French humeur brune, literally “brown humor, or disposition,” said about a somber or melancholy temperament." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
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