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Maitani › Comments

The British Thermopylae | George Monbiot -
"And the case for reintroducing big cats. A weird and wonderful tale." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Y Gododdin is one of the few surviving accounts by the Britons of what the Anglo-Saxons did to them. It tells the story of what may have been the last stand in England of the Gododdin – the tribes of the Hen Ogledd, or Old North – in 598AD. A force of 300 warriors – the British version of the defenders of Thermopylae – took on a far greater army of Angles at a town named in Brittonic... more... - Maitani
"The Anglo-Saxon conquest appears to have crushed the preceding cultures much more decisively than the Anglo-Saxons were later suppressed by the Normans. One indication is the remarkable paucity of Brittonic words in English. Even if you accept the most generous derivations, there appear to be no more than a couple of dozen, of which only four are used in daily conversation: dad, gob,... more... - Maitani
Lookit, Jenny! History and ecology united! - Eivind
:D - Jenny H. from Android
BBC News - Malta: Private migrant rescue boat saves fisherman -
BBC News - Malta: Private migrant rescue boat saves fisherman
"Maltese philanthropists Regina and Christopher Catrambone, who are funding the operation, say they are the first civilians trying to assist migrants at sea, Malta Today reports. Moas was set up in response to the October 2013 Lampedusa shipwreck tragedy, when around 360 African migrants died after their boat sank off the coast of the Italian island. Deaths are often reported in the area, and just last weekend nearly 4,000 people were rescued. The Phoenix I and its drone helicopters will watch for craft leaving north Africa for Europe, and offer water, food, life-jackets and first aid if necessary." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Oh no, someone's being humane. That's like inviting all the Africans to Europe! - Eivind
Maitani : Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch Online. -
"I was just informed (thanks, Valery!) that if I followed etymonline on Facebook I would know that “he posted today that Wartburg’s Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch is now available/searchable online.” I have now “liked” the FB page, and I pass on to you both the suggestion and the link — I presume there are other people than me out there who 1) are interested in French etymology and 2) didn’t already know." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Wartburg’s Französisches Etymologisches Wörterbuch - Maitani
3quarksdaily: Leaving (and almost leaving) by Rishidev Chaudhuri -
3quarksdaily: Leaving (and almost leaving) by Rishidev Chaudhuri
"It's impossible for me to leave a place well. I used to think that I was merely bad at logistics and planning (and I am), but I manage to conspire against myself with such sinister competence that this explanation no longer seems viable. As the time to leave approaches my consciousness starts to fragment, and I become exhausted and flee into sleep. I wait too long to do things, unable to act unless I have killed my inertia with drink or other confusion, or distracted myself sufficiently that anything I do is useless. I spend hours on minutiae, reorganizing my book collection and cataloguing my kitchen equipment; they're happy hours, once I forget why I'm doing it" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Perhaps it's that leaving is quite obviously a rehearsal for death, disrupting even the faint illusions of permanence that spatial and environmental contiguity offer us. So is everything, if we have learned to listen to the philosophers and to live well, but of course we have not learned to listen and who has the time to rehearse for death these days?" - Maitani
BBC Radio 4: In Our Time: Ancient Greece
Archive by Era: Ancient Greece - Maitani
Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names Released as Linked Open Data | The Getty Iris -
Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names Released as Linked Open Data | The Getty Iris
"The Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names is a resource of over 2,000,000 names of current and historical places, including cities, archaeological sites, nations, and physical features. It focuses mainly on places relevant to art, architecture, archaeology, art conservation, and related fields." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Patrick Durusau on the Getty Thesaurus: "A resource where you could loose some serious time! Try this entry for London. Or Paris. Bear in mind the data that underlies this rich display is now available for free downloading." - Maitani
International Dunhuang Project: The Married Monks of Kroraina -
International Dunhuang Project: The Married Monks of Kroraina
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"The kingdom of Kroraina florished in the middle of the Taklamakan desert in the first centuries of this millennium, and is now known to us through the buildings and artefacts preserved by the desert until their discovery and excavation by explorers and archaeologists. Among the most important of the discoveries from the kingdom were documents providing a detailed (if incomplete) picture of the daily life of Buddhist monks in the region in the 3rd to 4th centuries." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Over 700 of these documents were excavated by Aurel Stein in the early 20th century and are now in the collections of the British Library and the National Museum of India. Most of them are letters, written in the Gandhārī language and the Kharoṣṭhi script, on wooden tablets. A document was usually made of two wooden tablets placed together, with the content of the letter inside. The two parts were bound with string and sealed with clay, and the cover tabled was inscribed with the name of the addressee." - Maitani
Oldest metal object found to date in Middle East -- ScienceDaily -
Oldest metal object found to date in Middle East -- ScienceDaily
"A copper awl, the oldest metal object found to date in the Middle East, was discovered during the excavations at Tel Tsaf, according to a recent study published by researchers from the Zinman Institute of Archaeology and the Department of archaeology at the University of Haifa , in conjunction with researchers from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem and the German Archaeological Institute of Berlin. According to the study, which appeared in the journal PLoS ONE, the awl dates back to the late 6th millennium or the early 5th millennium BCE, moving back by several hundred years the date it was previously thought that the peoples of the region began to use metals." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Tel Tsaf, a Middle Chalcolithic village dated to about 5200-4600 BCE, is located near the Jordan River and the international border with Jordan. The site was first documented in the 1950s and excavations there began at the end of the 1970s. From the earliest digs nearly 40 years ago, this area, the most important archeological site in the region dated to this period, has been supplying... more... - Maitani
A Photographic Tour of Haruki Murakami's Tokyo, Where Dream, Memory, and Reality Meet | Open Culture -
A Photographic Tour of Haruki Murakami's Tokyo, Where Dream, Memory, and Reality Meet | Open Culture
"Last week saw me in line at one of Los Angeles’ most beloved bookstores, waiting for a signed copy of Haruki Murakami’s new novel Colorless Tsukuru Tazaki and His Years of Pilgrimage upon its midnight release. The considerable hubbub around the book’s entry into English — to say nothing of its original appearance last year in Japanese, when it sold a much-discussed million copies in a single month — demonstrates, 35 years into the author’s career, the world’s unflagging appetite for Murakamiana. Just recently, we featured the artifacts of Murakami’s passion for jazz and a collection of his free short stories online, just as many others have got into the spirit by seeking out various illuminating inspirations of, locations in, and quotations from his work. The author of the blog Randomwire, known only as David, has done all three, and taken photographs to boot, in his grand three-part project of documenting Murakami’s Tokyo: the Tokyo of his beginnings, the Tokyo where he ran the jazz bars in which he began writing, and the Tokyo which has given his stories their otherworldly touch." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Murakami’s Tokyo: Part 1 — Beginnings - Maitani
(Serbo-)Croatian: A Tale of Two Languages—Or Three? Or Four? - Languages Of The World | Languages Of The World -
(Serbo-)Croatian: A Tale of Two Languages—Or Three? Or Four? - Languages Of The World | Languages Of The World
(Serbo-)Croatian: A Tale of Two Languages—Or Three? Or Four? - Languages Of The World | Languages Of The World
"With all the media brouhaha about Croatia’s ascension, one of our key issues at GeoCurrents has been largely ignored: the issue of the Croatian language. Multilingualism is central to the European Union’s cultural diversity. The European Commission employs a permanent staff of around 1,750 linguists, 600 staff interpreters, 3,000 freelance interpreters, and 600 support staff, making it one of the largest translation and interpretation services in the world. Still, this only amounts to some 25 staff interpreters per language, as the EU now has 24 official languages; their website allows one to read and/or hear a short text in Bulgarian, Czech, Danish, Dutch, English, Estonian, Finnish, French, German, Greek, Hungarian, Italian, Irish, Latvian, Lithuanian, Maltese, Polish, Portuguese, Romanian, Slovak, Slovene, Spanish, Swedish—and now Croatian as well.* But basic issues about what constitutes the Croatian language are far from settled." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
As I understand it, dialects are promoted to languages when they acquire their own army and/or navy :) - Eivind
I think that statement has some merit. :-) - Maitani
The derivation of the word 'road' | OUPblog -
The derivation of the word 'road' | OUPblog
"According to the original idea, road developed from Old Engl. rad “riding.” Its vowel was long, that is, similar to a in Modern Engl. spa. Rad belonged with ridan “to ride,” whose long i (a vowel like ee in Modern Engl. fee) alternated with long a by a rule. In the past, roads existed for riding on horseback, and people distinguished between “a road” and “a footpath.” But this seemingly self-evident etymology has to overcome a formidable obstacle: in Standard English, the noun road acquired its present-day meaning late (one can say very late). It was new or perhaps unknown even to Shakespeare. A Shakespeare glossary lists the following senses of road in his plays: “journey on horseback,” “hostile incursion, raid,” “roadstead,” and “highway” (“roadstead,” that is, “harbor,” needn’t surprise us, for ships were said to ride at anchor.) “Highway” appears as the last of the four senses because it is the rarest, but, as we will see, there is a string attached even to such a cautious... more... - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Babel's Dawn: Which Came First, the Word or the Gesture? -
Babel's Dawn: Which Came First, the Word or the Gesture?
"Susan Goldin-Meadow is a hero on this blog because her work is both serious and original. It fills a gap in our understanding. In 2008 she presented a report on gesture that has stayed with me. It made clear that gestures are a natural way of illustrating what is not included in a grammatical structure. For example, a person might say, "The plane ride was very…" and then illustrate the ride by moving the hand horizontally while simultaneously bouncing it up and down. Ever since that presentation I have been of the fixed opinion that gesture has, from speech's beginning, accompanied spoken words. So naturally I was pleased to see that Goldin-Meadow has published a paper titled "Widening the Lens" in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society – B (abstract; paper). It summarizes her work." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Since apes gesture in the wild, it is often proposed that gesture led to speech, but we need to find a process that might link the two. Apes, after all, don't go on to speak, so why did we? Goldin-Meadow's paper suggests possible processes and their limits." - Maitani
"The Visual Heritage Project is an initiative to increase documentation on at-risk archaeological sites through crowd sourcing image collection. The Project takes an innovative approach to delivering this media by harnessing public data from social media and archival records. Through pairing these images, the Project provides a visual tour of history. Scroll through years of development as the images associated with the sites evolve over time, and begin exploring." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Graham Priest on Buddhism and logic by Massimo Pigliucci -
Graham Priest on Buddhism and logic by Massimo Pigliucci
"Graham Priest is a colleague of mine at City University of New York’s Graduate Center, a world renowned expert in logic, a Buddhist connoisseur, and an all-around nice guy [1]. So I always pay attention to what he says or writes. Recently he published a piece in Aeon magazine [2] entitled “Beyond true and false: Buddhist philosophy is full of contradictions. Now modern logic is learning why that might be a good thing.” I approached it with trepidation, for a variety of reasons. To begin with, I am weary of attempts at reading things into Buddhism or other Asian traditions of thought that are clearly not there (the most egregious example being the “documentary” What The Bleep Do We Know?, and the most frustrating one the infamous The Tao of Physics, by Fritjof Capra). But I quickly reassured myself because I knew Graham would do better than that." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Steven Perez
Mmm, fresh cucumber.
Yes! Yum! - Tamara J. B.
Lightly salted, with some California ketchup. - Steven Perez
*Googles "California ketchup" with Safe Search on* - Big Joe Silence
It's ranch dressing. :D - Steven Perez
oh, thank goodness. - Big Joe Silence
I love the smell of freshly sliced cucumber. :-) - Maitani
Cucumber & tomato on a bagel smeared with cream cheese (or dairy free cream cheese) = best summertime breakfast ever - Corinne L
That sounds yummy. - Steven Perez
Victor Ganata
RT @lexiconvalley: Espresso or expresso? @byagoda on the surprisingly venerable history of the "x" spelling
"Whatever the source of its appeal, expresso has had a long and not entirely disreputable history. The Oxford English Dictionary lists it as an acceptable variant. Between 1945 (date of the OED’s first citation) and 1960, it was permitted in The New York Times, with 43 uses compared with 122 for espresso." - Victor Ganata
"Contrarians have pointed out that expresso is the norm in France, Portugal, and Spain. Admittedly the art of making the drink was invented and perfected in Italy, so it’s understandable that the terms used in that country should get favored-nation status. But Italian corrupted the Latin root, which has … wait for it … an x." - Victor Ganata
Nice article. :-) - Maitani
I'm disappointed that the author didn't use "expecially" - COMPLICATED MR. NOODLE
"Especially" comes from O.Fr. "especial" which was a corrupted form of Latin "specialis", though, unlike "espresso" from corrupted "expressus" ;) - Victor Ganata
Yeah, but one of the arguments the author makes is that there are more words that use "ex" instead of "es", and that it's usually normal for people to use "ex" on words that are supposed to start with "es". ;) - COMPLICATED MR. NOODLE from WinForFeed
Eggscelent read. - Micah from FFHound(roid)!
Victor Ganata
I dig how "turnt" vs "turned" is modeled after "burnt" vs "burned". I wonder if this could be a productive morphemic distinction in other words?
I do remember someone posted "kernt" (vs "kerned") - Victor Ganata from iPhone
Internt. - Andrew C (✔) from Android
We already have "learnt." - John (bird whisperer)
Do you think the two forms of "burn" or "learn" are being used in a slightly different sense? Something like, "I learned that..." vs. "he is a learnt/learned (?) man"? - Maitani
I don't think burned/burnt or learned/learnt are really different, but turned/turnt definitely is. - Victor Ganata
Don't forget to throw smelt/smelled in there, too; smelt can have an entirely different meaning, but it is also proper to use it as the past tense of smell. - COMPLICATED MR. NOODLE
'Turnt' is distinctively Southern/AAVE, no? Grew up hearing stuff like, "Don't get turnrt over no boy/girl.", "She turnt her nose up like she was somebody." - Anika from Android
Differences such as these could be used to express semantic distinctions. Another possibility is that a sort of final-obstruent-devoicing is being developed. Btw., in the German language, there is no difference in pronunciation whether you write d or t as final consonant. You always pronounce it as "t". This is why, when I read Anika's comment, my first thought was: how can she hear the difference? - Maitani
Most likely the differences lead to nothing at all. - Maitani
Yeah, I was definitely introduced to "turnt" from AAVE. That's why I'm fascinated because "turnt" seems to have a different connotation than "turned" does whereas you don't really get that with burnt/burned or learnt/learned or even smelt/smelled (assuming you mean "smelt" as the past tense and past participle of "smell" and not the separate verb "smelt") - Victor Ganata
What do you think that "different connotation" of "turnt" vs. "turned" may be? I know it is often difficult to describe. Or could you come up with another example, in addition to those Anika quoted? - Maitani
It's inflection of voice, audience and intent. Like, I never use 'turnt' around most non-black people, because they really won't get it if I said, oh say, "That bitch was turnt up that night." That sentence means 3 very different things depending on context. It's simple code-switching. The length of the 'urn' part can also imply if something made the speaker mad or it was funny a... more... - Anika
Yeah, I've only really started encountering the word 'turnt' recently (and mainly in written form on social media) so I can't really give a good description, but my metaimpression is that 'turned' can be used for the same sort of senses that 'turnt' is used for, but it doesn't really work the other way around. Like, "turned up" and "turnt up" can mean the same thing in a metaphoric... more... - Victor Ganata
Thank you, Anika and Victor. What I understood is that "turnt" is a somehow "marked" usage, emotionally, metaphorically or idiomatically, in a sense that has diverged from the basic meaning of the word, whereas "turned" is the unmarked, literal, unemotional, simply factual usage. - Maitani
Precisely. - Anika
Sean McBride
Utopian for Beginners - The New Yorker -
Utopian for Beginners - The New Yorker
"In his preface, Quijada wrote that his “greater goal” was “to attempt the creation of what human beings, left to their own devices, would never create naturally, but rather only by conscious intellectual effort: an idealized language whose aim is the highest possible degree of logic, efficiency, detail, and accuracy in cognitive expression via spoken human language, while minimizing the ambiguity, vagueness, illogic, redundancy, polysemy (multiple meanings) and overall arbitrariness that is seemingly ubiquitous in natural human language.”" - Sean McBride from Bookmarklet
"Ithkuil has two seemingly incompatible ambitions: to be maximally precise but also maximally concise, capable of capturing nearly every thought that a human being could have while doing so in as few sounds as possible. Ideas that could be expressed only as a clunky circumlocution in English can be collapsed into a single word in Ithkuil. A sentence like “On the contrary, I think it may turn out that this rugged mountain range trails off at some point” becomes simply “Tram-mļöi hhâsmařpţuktôx.”" - Sean McBride
"Ithkuil’s first piece of press was a brief mention in 2004 in a Russian popular-science magazine called Computerra. An article titled “The Speed of Thought” noted remarkable similarities between Ithkuil and an imaginary language cooked up by the science-fiction writer Robert Heinlein for his novella “Gulf,” from 1949. Heinlein’s story describes a secret society of geniuses called the... more... - Sean McBride
"Ithkuil did not emerge from nowhere. Since at least the Middle Ages, philosophers and philologists have dreamed of curing natural languages of their flaws by constructing entirely new idioms according to orderly, logical principles. Inventing new forms of speech is an almost cosmic urge that stems from what the linguist Marina Yaguello, the author of “Lunatic Lovers of Language,” calls... more... - Sean McBride
"Invented languages have often been created in tandem with entire invented universes, and most conlangers come to their craft by way of fantasy and science fiction. J. R. R. Tolkien, who called conlanging his “secret vice,” maintained that he created the “Lord of the Rings” trilogy for the primary purpose of giving his invented languages, Quenya, Sindarin, and Khuzdul, a universe in which they could be spoken." - Sean McBride
"“We think that when a person learns Ithkuil his brain works faster,” Vishneva told him, in Russian. She spoke through a translator, as neither she nor Quijada was yet fluent in their shared language. “With Ithkuil, you always have to be reflecting on yourself. Using Ithkuil, we can see things that exist but don’t have names, in the same way that Mendeleyev’s periodic table showed gaps where we knew elements should be that had yet to be discovered.”" - Sean McBride
I thoroughly enjoyed reading this wonderful piece. :-) - Maitani
This may be the most interesting article I've read over the last year or two -- so many fascinating dimensions. - Sean McBride
Memories of errors foster faster learning -- ScienceDaily -
Memories of errors foster faster learning -- ScienceDaily
"Using a deceptively simple set of experiments, researchers have learned why people learn an identical or similar task faster the second, third and subsequent time around. The reason: They are aided not only by memories of how to perform the task, but also by memories of the errors made the first time." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
""In learning a new motor task, there appear to be two processes happening at once," says Reza Shadmehr, Ph.D., a professor in the Department of Biomedical Engineering at the Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine. "One is the learning of the motor commands in the task, and the other is critiquing the learning, much the way a 'coach' behaves. Learning the next similar task goes... more... - Maitani
"The surprise finding in the current study, described in Science Express on Aug. 14, is that not only do such errors train the brain to better perform a specific task, but they also teach it how to learn faster from errors, even when those errors are encountered in a completely different task. In this way, the brain can generalize from one task to another by keeping a memory of the errors." - Maitani
I still can't see how the experiment they describe leads to the conclusions posed in the paper. - Maitani
Perhaps in over simplifying, but I didn't need science to know this. - MoTO: Team Marina from Android
What they describe are simple experiences everyone knows, and I can't find anything unexpected in the experiment. Why I was interested in this, was the assertion that "The surprise finding in the current study, described in Science Express on Aug. 14, is that not only do such errors train the brain to better perform a specific task, but they also teach it how to learn faster from... more... - Maitani
BBC News - Why is Sanskrit so controversial? -
BBC News - Why is Sanskrit so controversial?
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"India's new government focus on Sanskrit has sparked a fresh debate over the role language plays in the lives of the country's religious and linguistic minorities." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Inside a brightly lit classroom at Delhi's Laxman Public school, a group of students sing a Sanskrit hymn. Across the corridor, in another classroom, a group of grade eight students are being taught Vedic Mathematics, which dates back to a time in ancient India when Sanskrit was the main language used by scholars. It is all part of Sanskrit week - a celebration of the classical... more... - Maitani
"Sanskrit is a language which belongs to the Indo-Aryan group and is the root of many, but not all Indian languages." - That is inaccurate. Classical Sanskrit and other Indo-Aryan languages are closely related, but they very likely descend from two different dialects of Old Indo-Aryan. The language of the most ancient documents of Indo-Aryan is the so called Vedic Sanskrit or just Vedic... more... - Maitani
The right-wing Hindu nationalists have started their project, I see. - Eivind from Android
Northern language group moves against Southern? They're just appropriating medieval French culture! - Pete : Team Marina
Hinduism is present in all Indian languages, in Sanskrit or Hindi as well as in the non-Indo-Aryan languages such as Tamil, Telugu, Kannada, Malayalam. It is also right that a huge part of Sanskrit literature was not about religion; for two millennia, Sanskrit was the universal language of literature and learning. Alas, it is not a new phenomenon at all that the language is used as an instrument of right-wing Hindu indoctrination. With the new government, the project undoubtedly gains pace. - Maitani
Plus, there is the detrimental influence of several nationalisms, Northern vs. Southern, and more. - Maitani
3quarksdaily: The colourful life of the man who translated Proust’s opus -
3quarksdaily: The colourful life of the man who translated Proust’s opus
"The subtitle of this entertaining biography describes CK Scott Moncrieff as a “Soldier, Spy and Translator”. But Jean Findlay, his great-great-niece, makes clear in Chasing Lost Time that the list of his accomplishments and activities did not end there. Scott Moncrieff was also a generous family man, a promiscuous homosexual and a converted Catholic. His colourful, 40-year life somehow seems to embody almost every literary cliché of his time, from poet of the trenches to jazz age expat. And yet his name never appeared on the front cover of any of the 20-odd books he published." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
bi de bize bak amk - ren
"I took part on Saturday in a panel discussion at the World Humanist Congress in Oxford on ‘Is there something about Islam?’ which debated whether ‘there is anything distinctive about Islam’ that leads to violence, bigotry and the suppression of freedom. Other panellists were Alom Shaha, Maajid Nawaz and Maryam Namazie. This is a transcript of my introductory comments." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Every year I give a lecture to a group of theology students – would-be Anglican priests, as it happens – on ‘Why I am an atheist’. Part of the talk is about values. And every year I get the same response: that without God, one can simply pick and choose about which values one accepts and which one doesn’t." - Maitani
"My response is to say: ‘Yes, that’s true. But it is true also of believers.’ I point out to my students that in the Bible, Leviticus sanctifies slavery. It tells us that adulterers ‘shall be put to death’. According to Exodus, ‘thou shalt not suffer a witch to live’. And so on. Few modern day Christians would accept norms. Others they would. In other words, they pick and choose." - Maitani
A very good piece. - Eivind
And it is on such an important issue. I want to ask everyone of my acquaintances who are self-appointed critics of Islam and Quran to read it. Islamophobia is strong in Germany. - Maitani
Phlox, Engelstrompete, Fetthenne und Stockrose
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Like! - ma∟ıĸ
Thank you, Malik.That roof garden is my little hobby. :-) - Maitani
EM Forster: 'But for Masood, I might never have gone to India' | Books | The Guardian -
EM Forster: 'But for Masood, I might never have gone to India' | Books | The Guardian
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"It took EM Forster 11 years to write A Passage to India – what made his progress so slow? Damon Galgut explores the repression and unreciprocated love that influenced the author's most celebrated work" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"At the time that he embarked on A Passage, Forster was at a curious point in his creative life. All of his other published novels were written in a flurry between 1905 and 1910. He had published some short stories too, but there are strong indications that his novelistic impulses were running dry. He had started a new one, which he called "Arctic Summer", in 1911, but it had already stalled before he set out on his first visit to India and it would never be completed." - Maitani
A Passage To India - Location-Notes, Photos, and Maps of the Barabar Caves near Gaya, Bihar -
A Passage To India - Location-Notes, Photos, and Maps of the Barabar Caves near Gaya, Bihar
A Passage To India - Location-Notes, Photos, and Maps of the Barabar Caves near Gaya, Bihar
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"The Barabar Caves are some 35Km north of Gaya, in the state of Bihar. They were visited by author E.M. Forster on one of his two visits to India. Struck by their curious echo, he used them as a central location in his book 'A Passage To India', renaming them 'The Marabar Caves' for the story. The Marabar Caves don't really exist. Well, that's almost true. You can find out more about them on my Marabar Caves page, but for now, lets talk Barabar." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Expecting to teach enhances learning, recall -- ScienceDaily -
"People learn better and recall more when given the impression that they will soon have to teach newly acquired material to someone else, suggests new research. Findings of the study suggest that simply telling learners that they would later teach another student changes their mindset enough so that they engage in more effective approaches to learning than did their peers who simply expected a test." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
""The immediate implication is that the mindset of the student before and during learning can have a significant impact on learning, and that positively altering a student's mindset can be effectively achieved through rather simple instructions," Nestojko said." - Maitani
Ogretmen ogretir. The teachers gonna teach. - clara glass from iPhone
bu iyi - hulusi
What Would Krishna Do? Or Shiva? Or Vishnu? - -
"This is the ninth in a series of interviews about religion that I am conducting for The Stone. The interviewee for this installment is Jonardon Ganeri, currently a visiting professor of philosophy at New York University Abu Dhabi and the author of “The Lost Age of Reason: Philosophy in Early Modern India 1450–1700.”" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Neolithic dairy farming at the extreme of agriculture in northern Europe - http://rspb.royalsocietypublis...
"Abstract: The conventional ‘Neolithic package’ comprised animals and plants originally domesticated in the Near East. As farming spread on a generally northwest trajectory across Europe, early pastoralists would have been faced with the challenge of making farming viable in regions in which the organisms were poorly adapted to providing optimal yields or even surviving. Hence, it has long been debated whether Neolithic economies were ever established at the modern limits of agriculture. Here, we examine food residues in pottery, testing a hypothesis that Neolithic farming was practiced beyond the 60th parallel north. Our findings, based on diagnostic biomarker lipids and δ13C values of preserved fatty acids, reveal a transition at ca 2500 BC from the exploitation of aquatic organisms to processing of ruminant products, specifically milk, confirming farming was practiced at high latitudes. Combining this with genetic, environmental and archaeological information, we demonstrate the... more... - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Can a word really be untranslatable? | OxfordWords blog -
Can a word really be untranslatable? | OxfordWords blog
"There’s no such thing as an untranslatable word. There, I’ve said it. Despite all the memes, blogs, and books to the contrary, all language is inherently translatable. However, whether the broader meaning of a text – the jokes, philosophies, and cultural peculiarities of its language – is translatable depends almost entirely on the individual with their nose in the dictionary (not to mention the dictionary itself)." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"When we say that a word is untranslatable, we tend to mean that it lacks an exact or word-for-word equivalent in our own language. In our desire to make everyone and everything understood, we sometimes forget that languages are living, writhing beasts: they evolve and mutate at such a rate that their genetic make-up is by nature very different, and it is almost impossible to pin them... more... - Maitani
Translatable vs untranslatable - Maitani
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