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Main bei Frickenhausen
Frickenhausen am Main
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Fwd: The History Of The English Language In One Chart via Sean McBride
Fwd: The History Of The English Language In One Chart via Sean McBride
this diagram is confusing me. - kendrak
Django Reinhardt Demonstrates His Guitar Genius in Rare Footage From the 1930s, 40s & 50s | Open Culture -
"In one of my favorite Woody Allen films, Sweet and Lowdown, Sean Penn plays Emmett Ray, a fictional jazz guitarist who embodies the titular qualities in equally great measure. “Already considered peerless among American jazz guitarists,” Ray admits of only one rival—Parisian gypsy guitarist Django Reinhardt, whom Emmett worships, obviously patterns himself after, and can’t stand to see in person without fainting dead away. Where Ray is a tremendously convincing creation of Allen and Penn, Reinhardt was very much a real musician, and was indeed the reigning king of jazz guitar from the 1930s to the 50s. Reinhardt’s incredible skill is all the more impressive considering he only had use of three fingers on his left hand due to injuries sustained in a caravan fire in 1928." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
A Calendar Page for October 2014
"While the summer growing season may be over, the agricultural labours are by no means at and end, as these calendar pages for the month of October display. On the opening folio is a roundel miniature of a man scattering grain in a plowed field. Behind him are some turreted buildings and a bridge, while above, some hopeful birds are circling. On the facing folio is a small painting of an ominous-looking scorpion, for the zodiac sign Scorpio. Below, a tired man is heading home from his labours in the field, carrying a bag on his shoulders. His dog is bounding before him, and swans can be seen swimming in the river beside." - Maitani
Brugmansia 29.09.14
çan çiçeği? - yedi
A few weeks ago, during a storm, leaves and blossoms were perforated by hailstones. - Maitani
Big Talk – Futility Closet -
Big Talk – Futility Closet
"“The German long word is not a legitimate construction, but an ignoble artificiality, a sham,” wrote Mark Twain. “Nothing can be gained, no valuable amount of space saved, by jumbling the following words together on a visiting card: ‘Mrs. Smith, widow of the late Commander-in-chief of the Police Department,’ yet a German widow can persuade herself to do it, without much trouble: ‘Mrs.-late-commander-in-chief-of-the-police-department’s-widow-Smith.'” He gives this anecdote in his autobiography:" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
This is funny, but he doesn't (want to?) get how the German language works. The rules of our language allow us to construct these "long words", but we only use these anecdotally or in order to demonstrate the principle of German composition. The "Donaudampfschifffahrtskapitänsmütze" is made up as well. In reality, the majority of our compounds have 2 constituents, whereas 3 are rare and 4 even rarer. - Maitani
Long words are almost always ad-hoc-creations. Only two-constituent compounds have been incorporated into the lexicon (there may be a few exceptions, though I can't come up with any right now). - Maitani
One thing that is gained, is a guide to pronunciation. A space is a pause. No space, no pause. - Eivind from Android
BBC News - Nostalgia for an old-fashioned milk bottle -
BBC News - Nostalgia for an old-fashioned milk bottle
BBC News - Nostalgia for an old-fashioned milk bottle
"The announcement that Dairy Crest's last glass milk bottle plant is to close has prompted a flood of nostalgia for a former staple of the British street." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Travel back in time to a British doorstep in 1975 at, say, 7.30am. There's almost certainly a couple of foil-topped glass milk bottles there. Maybe more. Some of the tops may have been pecked by birds, although if you left a couple of plastic cups out the milkman probably popped those over the top of the bottles to protect them. Then, 94% of milk was put into glass bottles, according to Dairy Crest. By 2012, this was just 4%." - Maitani
My mom was still having milk delivered from a local dairy in 2007. That was pretty cool. :) - Jenny H. from Android
Language Evolution: Twos and Troops: Sifting the Evidence -
Language Evolution: Twos and Troops: Sifting the Evidence
"Jakobson’s remark about a possible connection between Russian čët and četýre is discussed in Blažek (1999: 212-213) and especially in Greenberg (2001). Both authors mention earlier, more sketchy treatments of the problem, and they both add more Slavic material to the Russian words originally listed by Jakobson (which were čët, čëtka ‘even number’, četá ‘pair, union’, and čeť ‘quarter’). Blažek also notes an interesting potential cognate in Ossetian, an Indo-European language spoken in the north-central Caucasus (Ossetian is the only living descendant of the Northeast Iranian languages once spoken by the Scytho-Sarmatian inhabitants of the Eurasian steppe belt). The word in question is cæd ‘pair of oxen yoked together’, as if from Proto-Iranian *čatā (the Digor dialect of Ossetian has preserved a more conservative disyllabic form of the word, cædæ)." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Blažek does not follow up Jakobson’s suggestion (presumably because he favours a different etymology of ‘four’, proposed by Schmid 1989; see pp. 213, 215, 331 in Blažek’s book). Greenberg, however, regards it as convincing and develops it further. Like Blažek, he considers the predominantly South Slavic *četa ‘troop, military unit’ (hence Serbo-Croatian Četnici ‘Chetniks’) to be part... more... - Maitani
Earth's Water Is Older Than the Sun - D-brief | -
Earth's Water Is Older Than the Sun - D-brief |
"The sun, at 4.6 billion years old, predates all the other bodies in our solar system. But it turns out that much of the water we swim in and drink here on Earth is even older." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"A new model of the chemistry of the early solar system finds that up to half the water now on Earth was inherited from an abundant supply of interstellar ice as our sun formed. That means our solar system’s moisture wasn’t the result of local conditions in the proto-planetary disk, but rather a regular feature of planetary formation — raising hopes that life could indeed exist elsewhere in the universe." - Maitani
Awesome. :) - Jenny H. from Android
1177 B.C., the year civilization did not collapse - The Unz Review -
1177 B.C., the year civilization did not collapse - The Unz Review
"Recently I read Eric Cline’s 1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed. It’s a short book. If you are looking to familiarize yourself with the history and culture of the Bronze Age Near East in a format which isn’t a scholarly monograph, this is a good book for that, best read in complement with Robert Drews’ End of the Bronze Age (also see The Coming of the Greeks). If you are looking to understand why the complex of Near Eastern societies, spanning Mycenaean Greece to Babylon and Egypt, went into severe regress in the 12th century, this is not the book. Cline is good at stringing you along, but at the end of the day he doesn’t come to a definitive conclusion." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"And yet civilization did not collapse. It maintained genuine continuity in places such as Egypt and Assyria across the Bronze to Iron Age, and eventually these societies played critical roles in the cultural efflorescence which gave rise to the Axial Age. Arguably 1177 was notable because civilization did not collapse. It seems likely that proto-civilizations did die earlier, lost to... more... - Maitani
Started it this morning :) - Eivind from Android
Wasn't it the sea people ? - Todd Hoff from iPhone
what's the Axial Age? - .mau.
"Axial Age or Axial Period (Ger. Achsenzeit, "axis time") is a term coined by German philosopher Karl Jaspers to describe the period from 800 to 200 BC, during which, according to Jaspers, similar revolutionary thinking appeared in Persia, India, China and the Occident. The period is also sometimes referred to as the Axis Age.[1] Jaspers, in his Vom Ursprung und Ziel der Geschichte (The... more... - Todd Hoff
never heard of it - my knowledge ended with Iron Age. Thanks! - .mau.
Todd :-P (In the last few accounts I've read the Sea Peoples have been viewed more as an effect than a cause. Or at least as a minor cause among many.) - Eivind from Android
I'm not sure if that second paragraph you quoted is supposed to be a summary of the book's conclusions or if those are just Khan's ideas, Maitani. The author thinks collapse is a perfectly fitting term, even though he, of course, acknowledges that there was some continuity: "When the world emerged from the collapse of the Bronze Age, it was indeed a new age, including new opportunities... more... - Eivind from Android
Thank you for citing the author's summary, Eivind. It seems that Khan partly presents his own view (which is interesting and thought-provoking as always) without explicitly sorting it from the author's ideas. - Maitani
I am really looking forward to reading the book. - Maitani
This is basically a summary of the archeological and textual material currently available to Bronze and Iron Age scholars of the extended Middle East. I think it's a good intro to the subject for people with scholarly ambitions (or just people with a fetish for evidence), but I know of more friendly books if one wants a general introduction. That said, I really liked it, but I'm a freak with some prior knowledge :) - Eivind from Android
Also, is it just me or does Khan's knowledge seem a bit dated? I don't really encounter the "Axial Age" much in the recent accounts. - Eivind from Android
Eivind, maybe a few scholars who do comparative religious studies or philosophy of religion still work with that notion, but the idea is certainly not backed by empirical evidence, it is simply wrong, imo. I found this quote in the Wikipedia entry on "Axial Age": "For example, Diarmaid MacCulloch, professor of the history of the church at the University of Oxford, calls the Jaspers... more... - Maitani
According to your description of the book's tenor and main content, it is what I am looking for. I am interested in the period 1) just because I am a freak, too, 2) because I need more scholarly historical background for historical linguistics. :-) - Maitani
"Missing Links" Found Between Birds and Dinosaurs - Scientific American -
"Missing Links" Found Between Birds and Dinosaurs - Scientific American
"Birds didn't evolve in one fell swoop from their dinosaur ancestors, suggests a newly constructed dinosaur family tree showing our feathery friends evolved very gradually, at first." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The new pedigree of carnivorous dinosaur evolution is the most comprehensive one ever assembled, the researchers say. The findings show that birdlike features such as wings and feathers developed slowly over tens of millions of years." - Maitani
Eurozine - I was a slave in Puglia - Fabrizio Gatti -
Eurozine - I was a slave in Puglia - Fabrizio Gatti
"A journey that takes one beyond the limits of human imagination: this is how Fabrizio Gatti describes his experience of a week spent undercover among immigrant labourers in Puglia in order to report on the horrors that these modern slaves endure." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"They number at least five thousand people, maybe seven thousand. No one has ever carried out a census. They're all foreigners; all employed as so-called "black workers": that is, subject to illegal, untaxed and underpaid work scams. They are Romanians with or without work permits, Bulgarians, Poles. And Africans: from Nigeria, Niger, Mali, Burkina Faso, Uganda, Senegal, Sudan and... more... - Maitani
The language of snooker | OxfordWords blog -
The language of snooker | OxfordWords blog
"Snooker is a nineteenth-century development of the much older game of billiards, which dates back as far as the sixteenth century. Billiards gets its name from the French word billard ‘cue’, a diminutive form of bille ‘stick’. Once adopted into English the word was pluralized, on the model of other games such as draughts and bowls, giving us billiards, or ‘little sticks’. The game of snooker gets its name from a Woolwich slang term for a newly-recruited cadet; it is believed to have been transferred to the game when an army colonel stationed in Jabalpur used it to describe the poor play of a fellow officer. Another related game is a nineteenth-century American development of billiards, in which players pot balls in order to claim the collective stake or pool, from which the game gets its name. This word, most commonly used today in card games, may be related in some obscure way to the French poule ‘hen’." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Online Resources from ISAW — Institute for the Study of the Ancient World -
Online Resources from ISAW — Institute for the Study of the Ancient World
Online Resources from ISAW — Institute for the Study of the Ancient World
Online Resources from ISAW — Institute for the Study of the Ancient World
"The creation of the Institute for the Study of the Ancient World at New York University has its roots in the passion that Shelby White and Leon Levy had for the art and history of the ancient world, which led them to envision an Institute that would offer an unshuttered view of antiquity across vast stretches of time and place." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Ancient World Digital Library Book Viewer - Ancient World Image Bank - Ancient World Online - The Corpus of the Inscriptions of Campā - Exhibitions - ISAW Papers - Online Coins of the Roman Empire (OCRE) - - Planet Atlantides - Pleiades - Social Media - Maitani
On Dr Zhivago, Genitive Case of Adjectives, and the 1918 Russian Orthography Reform - Languages Of The World | Languages Of The World -
On Dr Zhivago, Genitive Case of Adjectives, and the 1918 Russian Orthography Reform - Languages Of The World | Languages Of The World
On Dr Zhivago, Genitive Case of Adjectives, and the 1918 Russian Orthography Reform - Languages Of The World | Languages Of The World
"Dr Zhivago by Boris Pasternak is one of the better-known works of Russian literature in the West. In a recent article about the novel in the London Review of Books, Frances Stonor Saunders writes: “‘Zhivago’, in the pre-revolutionary genitive case, means ‘the living one’. On the novel’s first page a hearse is being followed to the grave. ‘Whom are you burying?’ the mourners are asked. ‘Zhivago’ is the reply, punningly suggesting ‘him who is living’.”" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"I have been asked to comment on the first sentence of that quote: has the Russian system of cases changed in the wake of the Bolshevik Revolution of 1917? After all, political upheavals often bring with them changes in the more superficial aspects of language, such as the orthography and the vocabulary, but grammatical innovations being decided on by a revolutionary government’s decree? That would be a much more peculiar event." - Maitani
The Peculiar Journey of "Orange" : Word Routes : Thinkmap Visual Thesaurus - by Ben Zimmer -
The Peculiar Journey of "Orange" : Word Routes : Thinkmap Visual Thesaurus - by Ben Zimmer
"In the latest installment of the Slate podcast Lexicon Valley, I take on a word that every child knows, orange, and reveal its hidden history. It's a remarkably well-traveled word, and its travels tell us a great deal about the cultural history of many of the world's great civilizations. You can listen to the podcast here:" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The question that immediately came up had a less-than-obvious answer: Which came first, the color orange or the fruit orange?" - Maitani
Announcing the Arethusa Annotation Framework
"Developers Gernot Höflechner, Robert Lichtensteiner and Christof Sirk, in collaboration with the Perseus Digital Library at Tufts (via the Libraries and the Transformation of the Humanities and Perseids projects) and the University of Leipzig’s Open Philology Project, have released Arethusa, a framework for linguistic annotation and curation. Arethusa was inspired by and extends the goals of the Alpheios Project, to provide a highly configurable, language-independent, extensible infrastructure for close-reading, annotation, curation and exploration of open-access digitized texts. While the initial release highlights support for morpho-syntactic annotation, Arethusa is designed to allow users to switch seamlessly between a variety of annotation and close-reading activities, facilitating the creation of sharable, reusable linguistic data in collaborative research and pedagogical environments." - Maitani
Naqsh-i Rustam - Incredible Reliefs of Persian Empires
Naqsh-i Rostam 6.jpg
Naqsh-i Rostam 7.jpg
"Most people have heard of the ancient city of Persepolis in Iran. Yet just north of the metropolis of antiquity is a sheer cliff, known as Naqsh-i Rustam. Here, in the second millennium BCE, work began on a quite staggering series of rock reliefs which – even today – have the ability to awe in terms of their size and the staggering amount of work which must have been involved in their creation." - Maitani
Gorgeous. We have got to visit Iran. - Mark H
Was There an 'Early Modern' Period in Indian Philosophy? - Justin Erik Halldór Smith -
Was There an 'Early Modern' Period in Indian Philosophy? - Justin Erik Halldór Smith
"If philosophy questions everything, surely it must also question the periodization of its own history. Professional historians themselves tend to agree that the imposition of periods on the past –premodern, Renaissance, early modern, and so on-- is always to some degree arbitrary, even if it is also impossible to imagine how we could describe the past without any periodization at all. The bounding off of temporal regions in this way is made all the more problematic if we wish to consider the past from a global perspective, rather than simply focusing on a single region, since the rationale for periodization in one place might not apply in another." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
. - O.S.M.
Language Evolution: Even and Odd -
Language Evolution: Even and Odd
"This game is not only simple, but also as old as the hills. The Romans played it, and so did the Greeks and their gods. It was played with whatever could be concealed in one’s hand: astragaloi (“knucklebones”), nuts, coins, or pebbles. The game, in some ways ancestral to roulette, was called pār impār ‘equal-unequal’ in Latin. The Greeks called it artiasmós, or ártia ḕ perittà ‘even or odd’, or zugà ḕ ázuga ‘pairs or non-pairs’. It was so popular among the Greeks that a special verb, artíazō, was coined to mean ‘play at even and odd’." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
The Tironian et (⁊) in Galway, Ireland | Sentence first -
The Tironian et (⁊) in Galway, Ireland | Sentence first
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"The Tironian et is a remnant of Tiro’s shorthand system, which was popular for centuries but is now almost entirely discontinued. The mark lives on in just a couple of writing systems, one of which is Irish." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Language Evolution: Word of the Month: Proto-Indo-European ‘Four’ -
Language Evolution: Word of the Month: Proto-Indo-European ‘Four’
"The Proto-Indo-European numeral ‘four’ had several intriguing properties. It was the largest non-complex cardinal number that agreed grammatically with a noun it modified. Consequently, it was inflected for gender and case, like any ordinary adjective. It shared that property with the words for ‘one’, ‘two’ and ‘three’. For obvious semantic reasons, their declension was defective: ‘one’ was normally singular, ‘two’ was declined only in the dual number, and ‘three’ and ‘four’ only in the plural." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The basic forms of the numeral ‘4’ (as reconstructed in handbooks) were the animate “count plural” *kʷetwores and the inanimate (neuter) “collective plural” *kʷetwōr (from earlier *kʷetwor-h₂). There is some uncertainty about the accentuation of these forms: some reconstruct them with PIE stress on the first syllable, others on the second (the comparative evidence is not unambiguous)." - Maitani
Someone created this place for everyone to enjoy, or rather for those who are prepared to keep things in order.
Abends am Main
Short term open access to articles in the current Anatolian Studies
Anatolian Studies is the flagship journal of the British Institute at Ankara (BIAA). It publishes peer-reviewed research articles focused on Turkey and the Black Sea littoral region in the fields of history, archaeology and related social sciences. - Maitani
Life Is Random: Biologists now realize that “nature vs. nurture” misses the importance of noise
"Is our behavior determined by genetics, or are we products of our environments? What matters more for the development of living things—internal factors or external ones? Biologists have been hotly debating these questions since shortly after the publication of Darwin’s theory of evolution by natural selection. Charles Darwin’s half-cousin Francis Galton was the first to try to understand this interplay between “nature and nurture” (a phrase he coined) by studying the development of twins." - Maitani
Eurozine - Passing the buck - Fabrizio Gatti The Lampedusa shipwreck of 11 October 2013 -
Eurozine - Passing the buck - Fabrizio Gatti The Lampedusa shipwreck of 11 October 2013
"According to Fabrizio Gatti's estimate, at least 268 refugees drowned in the Lampedusa shipwreck on 11 October 2013. A month later, Gatti established that the tragedy could have been avoided, had the vessels in the vicinity with resources to support every victim been allowed to respond according to common sense. But they were not. Referring to laws and regulations, Italian authorities passed the buck of responsibility to Malta." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
What made you think of this now? I'm asking because I was just reading a Norwegian article yesterday about how this really needs to be handled by Europe as a whole; share the costs and make sure that we have decent facilities to take care of all these desperate human beings. The Mediterranean countries, especially Italy and Greece, really have been fucked over by the rest of us when it comes to refugees trying to enter Europe. - Eivind
fucked over +1 - svinho dos santos
Eivind, I often think of this because I find it outrageous how our governments (particularly the German government) refuse to take care of these people, and I try to keep up with what is going on. I am subscribed to Eurozine on feedly, that's how I saw this article. - Maitani
Aristotle on perceiving objects | OUPblog -
Aristotle on perceiving objects | OUPblog
"Imagine a possible world where you are having coffee with … Aristotle! You begin exchanging views on how you like the coffee; you examine its qualities – it is bitter, hot, aromatic, etc. It tastes to you this way or this other way. But how do you make these perceptual judgments? It might seem obvious to say that it is via the senses we are endowed with. Which senses though? How many senses are involved in coffee tasting? And how many senses do we have in all?" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
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