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Egyptologist unravels ancient mystery -- ScienceDaily - http://www.sciencedaily.com/release...
Egyptologist unravels ancient mystery -- ScienceDaily
"It is one of the greatest archaeological mysteries of all times: the disappearance of a Persian army of 50,000 men in the Egyptian desert around 524 BC. A professor has now unearthed a cover-up affair and solved the riddle." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Herodotus It must have been a sand storm, writes the Greek historian Herodotus. He tells the story of the Persian King Cambyses, who entered the Egyptian desert near Luxor (then Thebes) with 50,000 men. The troops supposedly never returned; they were swallowed by a sand dune. A fantastic tale that was long the subject of many debates." - Maitani
When it comes to numbers, culture counts -- ScienceDaily - http://www.sciencedaily.com/release...
When it comes to numbers, culture counts -- ScienceDaily
"A new study finds that in a Bolivian rainforest society, children learn to count just like in the US, but on a delayed timetable." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"American children learn the meanings of number words gradually: First they understand "one," then they add "two, "three," and "four," in sequence. At that point, however, a dramatic shift in understanding takes place, and children grasp the meanings of not only "five" and "six," but all of the number words they know." - Maitani
"Scientists have also seen this pattern in children raised speaking other languages, including Japanese and Russian. In all of these industrialized nations, number learning begins around age 2, and children fully understand numbers and counting by the age of 4 or 5." - Maitani
Style Over Substance | Boston Review - http://bostonreview.net/books-i...
Style Over Substance | Boston Review
"During the war Proust expanded his novel from a projected three volumes to seven. By 1919 Gide had changed his mind about this work in progress, and Gallimard proudly published its second volume. Within a Budding Grove promptly won France’s most prestigious literary prize, Le Prix Goncourt. National, then international, praise followed—in abundance. A few years later Virginia Woolf would sit down to thank a friend for sending her a slab of nougat from Saint-Tropez, but, put in mind of France by the package, she soon found herself talking only of the novel. “My great adventure is really Proust,” she wrote, “I am in a state of amazement; as if a miracle were being done before my eyes. How, at last, has someone solidified what has always escaped—and made it too into this beautiful and perfectly enduring substance? One has to put the book down and gasp. The pleasure becomes physical—like sun and wine and grapes and perfect serenity and intense vitality combined.”" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"One of the most striking aspects of the reception of Proust’s work is how far and how fast that serenity and vitality stretched. One might think that a novel of more than 3,000 pages in which nothing of historical note happens would have a hard time finding an audience at home, and a still harder time abroad. But it did not. As Erich Auerbach wrote in 1925 in one of his first publications (recently made available in English in Time, History, and Literature: Selected Essays of Erich Auerbach):" - Maitani
First Edition Compiled By George Lakoff, Jane Espenson, and Adele Goldberg August, 1989 Second Edition Compiled By George Lakoff, Jane Espenson, and Alan Schwartz Cognitive Linguistics Group University of California at Berkeley October, 1991" - Maitani
"This is the second attempt to compile in one place the results of metaphor research since the publication of Reddy’s ‘‘The Conduit Metaphor’’ and Lakoff and Johnson’s Metaphors We Live By. This list is a compilation taken from published books and papers, student papers at Berkeley and elsewhere, and research seminars. This represents perhaps 20 percent (a very rough estimate) of the material we have that needs to be compiled." - Maitani
To me, this is one of the most exciting finds of recent time. - Maitani
Jane Espenson? Interesting! - WoH: Professor MOTHRA
Who is she? I haven't heard of her yet. - Maitani
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki... She is a favourite writer of mine, and I was lucky enough to sit on a panel with her a couple of years ago. I think it's the same Jane - I'm going to check! - WoH: Professor MOTHRA
On Beauty and Fragrance http://www.metmuseum.org/visit...
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"Though in the Middle Ages plants were used far more out of necessity than they are today, they were also admired for their beauty and fragrance. The medieval pleasure garden was designed for delight, enjoyment, and refreshment; fruit and vegetable production was not the objective." - Maitani
"A quiet life has many rewards: not least of these Is the joy that comes to him who devotes himself to the art They knew at Paestum, and learns the ancient skill of obscene Priapus—the joy that comes of devoting himself to a garden..." - Maitani
Stephen Greenblatt on Shakespeare's debt to Montaigne http://www.telegraph.co.uk/culture...
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"When, near the end of his career, Shakespeare wrote The Tempest, the tragicomic romance that seems at least in retrospect to signal his impending retirement to Stratford, he had in his mind and quite possibly on his desk a book of Montaigne’s Essays. One of those essays, “Of the Cannibals,” has long been recognized as a source upon which Shakespeare was clearly drawing." - Maitani
The Invasion of America: How the United States Took Over an Eighth of the World - http://invasionofamerica.ehistory.org/
The Invasion of America: How the United States Took Over an Eighth of the World
"Between 1776 and 1887, the United States seized over 1.5 billion acres from America's indigenous people by treaty and executive order. Explore how in this interactive map of every Native American land cession during that period." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
found in Another Word For It http://tm.durusau.net/?p=53835 - Maitani
Study 40+ Languages with Free Lessons from the U.S. Foreign Service Institute - | Open Culture - http://www.openculture.com/2014...
Study 40+ Languages with Free Lessons from the U.S. Foreign Service Institute - | Open Culture
"I spent this afternoon chatting with a travel writer about how we first allowed ourselves to start learning foreign languages. That notion may sound a bit odd, especially to those of you living in countries where everyone grows up trilingual. But Americans — even American travelers — have struggled with the concept of mastering languages other than English. Sometimes it has seemed merely unnecessary; at other times, downright impossible. But no matter our nationality, our increasingly globalized 21st-century lives have put to rest any and all excuses in which we might dress up our linguistic parochialism. Technology has also done more than its share, given the ever-growing abundance of free and effective language-learning resources on the internet. Take for example, our pretty massive list of Free Foreign Language Lessons. Or discover this trove of language learning resources from the U.S. Foreign Service Institute, a government agency long tasked with teaching the widest possible... more... - Maitani from Bookmarklet
A lot of these are really old. I tried to use the Korean one last year, but found it was done in the 50s and 60s. (The "new" text is from 1968!) In the past 40+ years, Romanization of Hangul has been streamlined, a lot of words are no longer used in favor of more Korean words and even pronunciations/spellings have changed. - Anika
The Surprising Power of Stories That Are Shorter Than Short Stories - Joe Fassler - The Atlantic - http://www.theatlantic.com/enterta...
The Surprising Power of Stories That Are Shorter Than Short Stories - Joe Fassler - The Atlantic
"Last week, Stuart Dybek, one of America’s living masters of the short story, published two new, and very different collections. The nine pieces in Paper Lantern: Love Stories are fairly conventional—they’re stories with drawn characters, and clear conflicts, that reach a certain length. Ecstatic Cahoots: Fifty Short Stories is more focused on the evocative power of language itself—as the strange, musical pairing of words in its title suggests. In offerings that range in length from two lines to nearly 10 pages, from narrative to wholly impressionistic, Dybek uses fragments, koans, and brief lyric flights to capture whole worlds in miniature." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
AWOL - The Ancient World Online: Ancient Philosophy Source - http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.de/2014...
AWOL - The Ancient World Online: Ancient Philosophy Source
"Presocratics Source presents the transcription of the famous collection of Presocratic thinkers in ninety chapters originally edited by H. Diels and W. Kranz (Die Fragmente der Vorsokratiker, ed. by H. Diels-W. Kranz, 3 vols., Weidmann, Berlin, 19582), with the parallel Italian translation edited by G. Giannantoni (I Presocratici. Testimonianze e frammenti, a cura di G. Giannantoni, Laterza, Roma-Bari, 19832)." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
J.S. Bach's Comic Opera, "The Coffee Cantata," Sings the Praises of the Great Stimulating Drink (1735) - | Open Culture - http://www.openculture.com/2014...
For lovers of coffee and Bach - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Johann Sebastian Bach (1685-1750) was also apparently a coffee enthusiast. So much so that he wrote a composition about the beverage. Although known mostly for his liturgical music, his Coffee Cantata (AKA Schweigt stille, plaudert nicht, BWV 211) is a rare example of a secular work by the composer. The short comic opera was written (circa 1735) for a musical ensemble called The... more... - Maitani
Writing In The 21st Century | Edge.org - a Conversation with Steven Pinker - http://edge.org/convers...
"All languages contain elegant, powerful, logical rules for combining words in such a way that the meaning of the combination can be deduced from the meanings of the words and the way they're arranged. If I say "the dog bit the man" or "the man bit the dog," you have two different images, because of the way those words are ordered by the rules of English grammar." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"On the other hand, language has a massive amount of irregularity: idiosyncrasies, idioms, figures of speech, and other historical accidents that you couldn't possibly deduce from rules, because often they are fundamentally illogical. The past tense of "bring" is "brought," but the past tense of "ring" is "rang," and the past tense of "blink" is "blinked." No rule allows you to predict... more... - Maitani
The topic of the conversation: "In particular, can you use linguistics, cognitive science, and psycholinguistics to come up with a better style manual—a 21st century alternative to the classic guides like Strunk and White's The Elements of Style?" - Maitani
I particularly like this: "...a combination of vision and conversation. When you write you should pretend that you, the writer, see something in the world that's interesting, that you are directing the attention of your reader to that thing in the world, and that you are doing so by means of conversation. " - Maitani
an excellent and well-written piece of advice - Maitani
Great stuff -- I became instantly engrossed. - Sean McBride
Dienekes’ Anthropology Blog: The Mediterranean route into Europe (Paschou et al. 2014) - http://dienekes.blogspot.de/2014...
Dienekes’ Anthropology Blog: The Mediterranean route into Europe (Paschou et al. 2014)
"An interesting new (open access) paper in PNAS includes some new data from Crete, the Dodecanese, Cappadocia, and several other Greek (and a few non-Greek) populations, and proposes that the Neolithic followed an island-hopping migration into Europe. This is a study on modern populations that nicely complements the recent ancient mtDNA paper from PPNB which found an affinity to Neolithic Near Eastern populations among the modern inhabitants of Cyprus and Crete." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
THE ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE DEATH OF GOD | Pandaemonium - http://kenanmalik.wordpress.com/2014...
THE ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE DEATH OF GOD | Pandaemonium
THE ENLIGHTENMENT AND THE DEATH OF GOD | Pandaemonium
"There are two aspects to what we call the death of God. The first is the decline of religious belief. The second is the growth of a new kind of faith – faith in the capacity of humans to act without guidance from beyond. What I want to suggest is that the decline of religious belief has been overplayed. But faith in human capacities has been undervalued. We have been so obsessed by idea of the decline of religious belief that we have almost ignored the significance of faith in human capacities – and the decline of that faith in the post-Enlightenment world." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
MetPublications | The Metropolitan Museum of Art - http://www.metmuseum.org/researc...
MetPublications | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
"MetPublications is a portal to the Met's comprehensive publishing program with 1,500 titles, including books, online publications, and Bulletins and Journals from the last five decades. MetPublications includes a description and table of contents for most titles, as well as information about the authors, reviews, awards, and links to related Met titles by author and by theme. Current book titles that are in-print may be previewed and fully searched online, with a link to purchase the book. The full contents of almost all other book titles may be read online, searched, or downloaded as a PDF. Many of these out-of-print books will be available for purchase, when rights permit, through print-on-demand capabilities in association with Yale University Press. For the Met's Bulletin, all but the most recent issue can be downloaded as a PDF. For the Met's Journal, all individual articles and entire volumes can be downloaded as a PDF." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Hap by Thomas Hardy (read by Tom O'Bedlam) - YouTube - https://www.youtube.com/watch...
The Only Known Recordings of C.S. Lewis (1944-1948) - | Open Culture - http://www.openculture.com/2014...
"When we come to know the work of novelist and scholar C.S. Lewis, we usually do it through a textual medium — specifically in childhood, through that thrilling written artifact known as The Lion, the Witch, and the Wardrobe. Often this leads us into the rest of his seven-volume Chronicles of Narnia series (find a free audio version here), and those most deeply intrigued by the worldview that shaped that high-fantasy world may find themselves eventually reading even Lewis’ Christian apologetics, of which 1952′s well-known Mere Christianity came as only the first. That book drew its content from a series of theological lectures Lewis gave on BBC radio between 1942 and 1944, during the Second World War. Little material from these talks survives — in fact, we have precious few minutes of his voice on tape in any context, and nothings at all of him on film — but you can hear about fifteen minutes of it in the clips above and below." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
AWOL - The Ancient World Online: Transformation: The Emergence of a Common Culture in the Northern Provinces of the Roman Empire from Britain to the Black Sea up to 212 A.D. - http://ancientworldonline.blogspot.de/2012...
AWOL - The Ancient World Online: Transformation: The Emergence of a Common Culture in the Northern Provinces of the Roman Empire from Britain to the Black Sea up to 212 A.D.
"Under Roman rule in the first two centuries AD there emerged a society similar in appearance from the British Isles to the Black Sea, influenced by the culture and civilisation of the Mediterranean. With this common culture there developed regional characteristics which had their origins in the society and everyday life of pre-Roman times. The aim of the project is to show how these developments took place by looking at a number of thematic areas..." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Summary of the Transformation project: http://www2.rgzm.de/transfo... - Maitani
Getting started on classical latin - OpenLearn - Open University - http://www.open.edu/openlea...
Getting started on classical latin - OpenLearn - Open University
"The aim of this unit is to enable you to get started in Latin. It has been developed in response to requests from students who had had no contact with Latin before and who felt they would like to spend a little time preparing for the kind of learning that takes place on a classical language course. The unit will give you a taster of what is involved in the very early stages of learning Latin and will offer you the opportunity to put in some early practice." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Savage capitalism is back – and it will not tame itself | David Graeber | Comment is free | The Guardian - http://www.theguardian.com/comment...
Savage capitalism is back – and it will not tame itself | David Graeber | Comment is free | The Guardian
"In other words, what happened in western Europe and North America between roughly 1917 and 1975 – when capitalism did indeed create high growth and lower inequality – was something of a historical anomaly. There is a growing realisation among economic historians that this was indeed the case. There are many theories as to why. Adair Turner, former chairman of the Financial Services Authority, suggests it was the particular nature of mid-century industrial technology that allowed both high growth rates and a mass trade union movement. Piketty himself points to the destruction of capital during the world wars, and the high rates of taxation and regulation that war mobilisation allowed. Others have different explanations." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
No aspetta, guarda che il passo importante dell'articolo è questo: "we are still talking about a man [Piketty] who, having demonstrated capitalism is a gigantic vacuum cleaner sucking wealth into the hands of a tiny elite, insists that we do not simply unplug the machine, but try to build a slightly smaller vacuum cleaner sucking in the opposite direction." - Eschaton
Happy Birthday Tetris! « Mind Hacks - http://mindhacks.com/2014...
"As well as hijacking the minds and twitchy fingers of puzzle-gamers for 30 years, Tetris has also been involved in some important psychological research. My favourite is Kirsh and Maglio’s work on “epistemic action“, which showed how Tetris players prefer to rotate the blocks in the game world rather than mentally. This using the world in synchrony with your mental representations is part of what makes it so immersive, I argue." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Garden Days at The Cloisters | The Metropolitan Museum of Art - http://www.metmuseum.org/visit...
Garden Days at The Cloisters | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
"Join us at The Cloisters museum and gardens this weekend, June 7 and 8, to celebrate Garden Days! Our theme for this year's program is the medieval pleasure garden. Ultimately derived from Persian and Islamic sources, the medieval enclosed garden was practical as well as symbolic, evoking both earthly and spiritual pleasures. The creation of an earthly paradise is a recurrent theme in medieval works of art and literature." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Special gallery talks in our gardens will address some of the key features of the historical pleasure garden, related horticultural practices, and the creation and cultivation of the gardens at The Cloisters. The plants grown in a medieval pleasure garden were naturally valued for their beauty and their ability to please the senses of sight and smell. We'll discuss the herbs and flowers grown in our gardens that were particularly prized for their beauty and fragrance." - Maitani
Pioneering hypertext project Xanadu released after 54 years - http://kottke.org/14...
Pioneering hypertext project Xanadu released after 54 years
"Nelson's idea was to preserve a hypertext's source documents along with the new composite, making the links between them visible and navigation between them as easy as possible: no file hierarchy, but documents maintained and comparable in parallel, for commentary, annotation, or recombination. It aims to be post-paper, instead (like Vannevar Bush's hypothetical memex machine) directly imitating associative patterns of thought." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
One of the greatest ideas of all time (hypertext and hypermedia in general). - Sean McBride
Whee! - Amit Patel
I really want to try to write papers with this. The associative approach suits me, since I have never been good with file hierarchy. - Maitani
How does transclusion feel after all these years? - Todd Hoff
Today I got my roof garden ready for summer.
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Pretty! - Jenny H. from Android
Love your hibiscus - Halil
Halil, I love it too, and I hope it will keep thriving. I have often had problems with my hibiscus plants. - Maitani
How did writing begin? | OUPblog - http://blog.oup.com/2014...
How did writing begin? | OUPblog
How did writing begin? | OUPblog
"How did writing begin? The favoured explanation, until the Enlightenment in the 18th century, was divine origin. Today, many—probably most—scholars accept that the earliest writing evolved from accountancy, though it is puzzling that such accounts are little in evidence in the surviving writing of ancient Egypt, India, China, and Central America (which does not preclude commercial record-keeping on perishable materials such as bamboo in these early civilizations). In other words, some time in the late 4th millennium bc, in the cities of Sumer in Mesopotamia, the ‘cradle of civilization’, the complexity of trade and administration reached a point where it outstripped the power of memory among the governing elite. To record transactions in an indisputable, permanent form became essential." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Is Learning a Foreign Language a Waste of Time? - Languages Of The World | Languages Of The World - http://languagesoftheworld.info/geoling...
Is Learning a Foreign Language a Waste of Time? - Languages Of The World | Languages Of The World
Is Learning a Foreign Language a Waste of Time? - Languages Of The World | Languages Of The World
"In an op-ed piece entitled “What You (Really) Need to Know,” published in the New York Times in January 2012, Lawrence Summers, former president of Harvard University and former secretary of the Treasury, calls on universities to reduce the substantial investments made to teach students foreign languages. Though he understands that “it is essential that the educational experience breed cosmopolitanism”, he thinks that the efforts made to master a foreign tongue are no longer “universally worthwhile”. In his utopian worldview, English is perfectly sufficient for such utilitarian purposes as “doing business in Asia, treating patients in Africa, or helping resolve conflicts in the Middle East”. In his excellent rejoinder, Paul Cohen, an associate professor of history at the University of Toronto, highlights the “heavy political and social valence” carried by “this particular dream of a linguistically unified world”. In his view, the spread of English “is at once a consequence and an... more... - Maitani from Bookmarklet
The Smart Set: Into the Black - May 21, 2014 - http://thesmartset.com/article...
The Smart Set: Into the Black - May 21, 2014
"Until an illness drove him mad, Goya was simply a Spanish court painter. But in his portraits of the Altamira family, had the darkness already begun to stir?" - By Morgan Meis - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Francisco Goya was felled by a mysterious illness in 1792. He didn’t die, he just fell. The illness made him dizzy and disoriented. Goya stumbled; he teetered. He was nauseous. Voices sounded in his head. He was frequently in terror. His hearing began to fail. Soon, he was completely deaf. By all accounts, he was temporarily insane at points. Then he recovered, though he would never regain his hearing." - Maitani
"Before the illness, Goya had been a successful painter for the Spanish court. He was good, but unremarkable. After the illness, Goya became the extraordinary artist whose paintings — like The Third Of May 1808 — are among the most celebrated works in the history of art. In the late 1790s, Goya began working on a series of prints known as Los Caprichos. The Caprichos are commonly... more... - Maitani
You’re probably using the wrong dictionary « the jsomers.net blog - http://jsomers.net/blog...
"Webster’s dictionary took him 26 years to finish. It ended up having 70,000 words. He wrote it all himself, including the etymologies, which required that he learn 28 languages, including Old English, Gothic, German, Greek, Latin, Italian, Spanish, Dutch, Welsh, Russian, Aramaic, Persian, Arabic, and Sanskrit. He was plagued by debt to fund the project; he had to mortgage his home." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"In his own lifetime the dictionary sold poorly and got little recognition. Today, of course, his name is so synonymous with even the idea of a dictionary that Webster is actually a genericized trademark in the U.S., so that other dictionaries whose contents bear no relation to Webster’s original can use the name just to have the “Webster” brand rub off on them. [1]" - Maitani
lovely article - Maitani
James Somers provides this link to Webster's Revised Unabridged Dictionary (1913 + 1828) http://machaut.uchicago.edu/webster... - Maitani
The site has plugins to add it to Firefox's search box: http://machaut.uchicago.edu/plugins - John (bird whisperer)
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