Sign in or Join FriendFeed
FriendFeed is the easiest way to share online. Learn more »
BBC News - Nobel Prize: How English beat German as language of science -
BBC News - Nobel Prize: How English beat German as language of science
Show all
""If you look around the world in 1900, and someone told you, 'Guess what the universal language of science will be in the year 2000', you would first of all laugh at them. It was obvious that no one language would be the language of science, but a mixture of French, German and English would be the right answer," says Princeton University's Rosengarten professor of modern and contemporary history Michael Gordin." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
""So the story of the 20th Century is not so much the rise of English as the serial collapse of German as the up-and-coming language of scientific communication," Gordin says." - Maitani
There were still a few books on Regelungstechnik floating around my institute when I was in university, but most people of my generation aren't literate enough in German to easily make use such textbooks. - Eivind
Love me some Beilstein and Gmelin! - Meg VMeg from Android
EpiDoc: Epigraphic Documents in TEI XML / Home / Home -
EpiDoc: Epigraphic Documents in TEI XML / Home / Home
"EpiDoc is an international, collaborative effort that provides guidelines and tools for encoding scholarly and educational editions of ancient documents. It uses a subset of the Text Encoding Initiative 's standard for the representation of texts in digital form and was developed initially for the publication of digital editions of ancient inscriptions (e.g. Inscriptions of Aphrodisias , Vindolanda Tablets ). Its domain has expanded to include the publication of papyri and manuscripts (e.g. ). It addresses not only the transcription and editorial treatment of texts themselves, but also the history and materiality of the objects on which the texts appear (i.e., manuscripts, monuments, tablets, papyri, and other text-bearing objects)." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
The Ashoka Project on the Bibliotheca Polyglotta -
The Ashoka Project on the Bibliotheca Polyglotta
"This Library contains an edition of Ashoka’s inscriptions ordered into ten types1 as seen in the meny on the left. The texts are so far based upon Hultzsch (1925). The page will also publish the rest of the known inscriptions, and, further, images and secondary materials on the topic for both edicational needs and research. The development of the library is a cooperation between indological milieus at Texas University, Austin, and at Oslo University. Below is a project description which is the basis of the cooperation. Other contacts are also being made to build the site further. The persons involoved so far are: Joel Brereton, Donald R.Davis, Oliver Freiberger, Janice Leoshko, Patrick Olivelle, Texas University; Ute Hüsken, Jens Braarvig, Oslo University." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Bibliotheca Polyglotta -
Bibliotheca Polyglotta
"The Bibliotheca Polyglotta (BP) is a multilingual corpus of historically important texts. As such it is a resource to access the global history of concepts as displayed in a number of languages, and it demonstrates how concepts diffuse historically into new languages, and thus into new cultural contexts. The BP is in a phase of being constructed, and contains so far the following libraries: - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The Thesaurus Literaturae Buddhicae (TLB) contains a number of Buddhist multilingual texts (Sanskrit, Chinese, Tibetan, English, etc.). The TLB was the first library to be established under the project; Biblia contains the Biblical Books of the Old Testament in Hebrew, Greek, Latin, English, and the complete New Testament in Greek, Latin, English, etc. More versions will be added with... more... - Maitani
"One can search any word or phrase in the corpus or in a chosen set of texts and have the search results written out, and further access any search result in its sentence by sentence multilingual mode by clicking on the reference in the search result. Every sentence in the BP has a Permanent link as a unique identification. The permanent link may be extracted by clicking on "Permanent link" on the bottom of the screen, and may be used as a reference to access the multilingual record which it refers to." - Maitani
The Outsider Art of Tennessee by Geoffrey O'Brien | The New York Review of Books -
The Outsider Art of Tennessee by Geoffrey O'Brien | The New York Review of Books
"Mad Pilgrimage of the Flesh: John Lahr’s subtitle for his biography of Tennessee Williams nimbly fuses madness, spiritual quest, and sexuality in one inextricable formulation. The tone of the phrase alone—it comes from a 1937 diary entry—with its hint of what may now seem self-consciously overripe eloquence, its elusive mix of ironic gaudiness and open-hearted romanticism, already suggests a voice from a past more remote than could ever, to those of us who lived through Tennessee Williams’s era, have seemed possible." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"That voice dominates Lahr’s exuberantly detailed and constantly engaging account: a voice of unabashed truth-telling, frequently hilarious interjections, and a sense of musicality that did not fail him. Its traces are scattered profusely in diaries, letters, memoirs, prefaces, newspaper articles, and interviews, and in the plays, poems, stories, and screenplays in which Williams never... more... - Maitani
Quelques Verbes Français by Tennessee Williams - Maitani
DABIR | Digital Archive of Brief notes & Iran Review -
DABIR | Digital Archive of Brief notes & Iran Review
"The Digital Archive of Brief notes & Iran Review (DABIR) is an open access, peer-reviewed online journal published by the Dr. Samuel M. Jordan Center for Persian Studies and Culture at the University of California, Irvine. DABIR aims to quickly and efficiently publish brief notes and reviews relating to the pre-modern world in contact with Iran and Persianate cultures. The journal accepts submissions on art history, archaeology, history, linguistics, literature, manuscript studies, numismatics, philology and religion, from Jaxartes to the Mediterranean and from the Sumerian period through to and including the Safavid era (3500 BCE-1500 CE). Work dealing with later periods can be considered on request." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Deep Habits: Conquer Hard Tasks With Concentration Circuits - Study Hacks - Cal Newport -
Deep Habits: Conquer Hard Tasks With Concentration Circuits - Study Hacks - Cal Newport
Deep Habits: Conquer Hard Tasks With Concentration Circuits - Study Hacks - Cal Newport
"Today I needed to finish a tough chunk of writing. The ideas were complicated and I wasn’t quite sure how best to untangle the relevant threads and reweave them into something appealing. I knew I was in for some deep work and I was worried about my ability to see it through to the end." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"I call this approach the concentration circuit as it cycles you through a circuit of locations to keep your concentration levels elevated. To be clear, most of my deep work sessions are decidedly less interesting. They take place in my office with the door closed. But sometimes I need something extra. If I’m feeling uninspired or the task is particularly complicated, I look for ways to... more... - Maitani
The Horticultural Roots of Joseph Breck | The Metropolitan Museum of Art -
The Horticultural Roots of Joseph Breck | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
The Horticultural Roots of Joseph Breck | The Metropolitan Museum of Art
"Recent posts by Michael Carter and a special seventy-fifth anniversary Bulletin by Timothy B. Husband introduced readers to a pivotal yet seldom-recognized figure in the formative years of The Cloisters museum and gardens—Joseph Henry Breck (1885–1933). The basic layout of the galleries and gardens of The Cloisters is primarily due to Breck's close collaboration with the architect Charles Collens, and their final plans provide coherence when the museum and gardens are seen as a whole. Sadly, Breck died suddenly in 1933 and never saw his plans realized. In addition to his formidable talents as an art historian, Breck was also a skilled artist, contributing many illustrations to the Harvard Lampoon during his undergraduate years. His watercolors and pencil sketches serve as visual evidence of his inspirations and thought processes while planning The Cloisters. While Breck's curatorial training and career are well documented, his interest in gardens is not." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Turmeric and Saffron: Ash-e Haft Daneh - Persian Seven Bean Hearty Soup - Mehregan Festival Recipe -
Turmeric and Saffron: Ash-e Haft Daneh - Persian Seven Bean Hearty Soup - Mehregan Festival Recipe
Turmeric and Saffron: Ash-e Haft Daneh - Persian Seven Bean Hearty Soup - Mehregan Festival Recipe
"Mehregan/Mehr is an ancient Iranian festival celebrating the start of the beautiful fall season. With its vibrant foliage, crisp days, and harvesting of crops, مهرگان (Mehregan) is traditionally celebrated a few days after the first day of fall (Autumnal Equinox) on the 10th day of  (Mehr) (the seventh month of the Iranian calendar). In the past, festivities would last for several days. Opinions about the exact date of Mehregan may differ since the historical records show that the date has been changed a few times throughout history. The wordمهر "Mehr" in Mehregan means 'sun, kindness, love and friendship' in Persian. جشن مهرگان Jashn-e Mehregan is attributed to Mithra/Mehr, the goddess of the sun and brightness and also the angelic divinity of friendship, justice and oath dating back to the ancient religion of Zoroastrianism. One of the most valuable lessons of prophet Zartosht (Zoroaster), that is still cherished today, is his teachings of good thoughts, good words and good deeds." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"I chose to call it a seven bean soup but this is more than just a soup and it's more than just beans. آش هفت دانه - Ash-e haft daneh is a combination of beans, seeds, whole wheat and some vegetables. The main ingredients in the original recipe were listed as wheat, barley, rice, chickpeas, lentils, mung beans and millet. There are many different variations of this traditional ash... more... - Maitani
Could a Newly Launched Metaphorical Search Engine Really Work? | Big Think | Neurobonkers -
Could a Newly Launched Metaphorical Search Engine Really Work? | Big Think | Neurobonkers
Could a Newly Launched Metaphorical Search Engine Really Work? | Big Think | Neurobonkers
"When I first heard of Yossarian Lives, a website that bills itself as the metaphorical search engine, I thought "no way!" Good metaphors are inherently artistic and depend on a nuanced understanding of related topics, both very human qualities. Indeed, when I had a chance to fool around with the alpha version of Yossarian Lives it seemed to function as a glorified "random" button on your average stock photo library." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
I am not yet sure how this is supposed to work. I think I'll check it out. - Maitani
How I Rewired My Brain to Become Fluent in Math - Issue 17: Big Bangs - Nautilus -
"I was a wayward kid who grew up on the literary side of life, treating math and science as if they were pustules from the plague. So it’s a little strange how I’ve ended up now—someone who dances daily with triple integrals, Fourier transforms, and that crown jewel of mathematics, Euler’s equation. It’s hard to believe I’ve flipped from a virtually congenital math-phobe to a professor of engineering." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"One day, one of my students asked me how I did it—how I changed my brain. I wanted to answer Hell—with lots of difficulty! After all, I’d flunked my way through elementary, middle, and high school math and science. In fact, I didn’t start studying remedial math until I left the Army at age 26. If there were a textbook example of the potential for adult neural plasticity, I’d be Exhibit A." - Maitani
The Barrier of Meaning « Another Word For It -
"The author discusses the “AI-problem” with Stanislaw Ulam. Ulam makes reference to the history of the “AI-problem” and then continues:" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Well, said Stan Ulam, let us play a game. Imagine that we write a dictionary of common words. We shall try to write definitions that are unmistakeably explicit, as if ready to be programmed. Let us take, for instance, nouns like key, book, passenger, and verbs like waiting, listening, arriving. Let us start with the word “key.” I now take this object out of my pocket and ask you to... more... - Maitani
We are more rational than those who nudge us – Steven Poole – Aeon -
We are more rational than those who nudge us – Steven Poole – Aeon
"Humanity’s achievements and its self-perception are today at curious odds. We can put autonomous robots on Mars and genetically engineer malarial mosquitoes to be sterile, yet the news from popular psychology, neuroscience, economics and other fields is that we are not as rational as we like to assume. We are prey to a dismaying variety of hard-wired errors. We prefer winning to being right. At best, so the story goes, our faculty of reason is at constant war with an irrational darkness within. At worst, we should abandon the attempt to be rational altogether." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
You had me at "a scientised version of original sin" :) A very interesting read. Obviously, I'd say, "econs" are poor yardsticks for human rationality. - Eivind
Mandolin U Srinivas at age 20- Bangalore private concert video clip - YouTube -
Mandolin U Srinivas at age 20- Bangalore private concert video clip - YouTube
"Mandolin U Srinivas at age 20- Bangalore private concert video clip" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Language and History in Southeast Asia: An Interview with Gérard Diffloth | Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University -
Language and History in Southeast Asia: An Interview with Gérard Diffloth | Center for Southeast Asian Studies, Kyoto University
"Professor Gérard Diffloth is a leading figure in Southeast Asian linguistics, specializing in the languages of the Austroasiatic family that includes Khmer, Vietnamese and many other languages spoken not only in the countries of Southeast Asia, but also northeast India, Southern China and the Nicobar Islands. His main work has been concerned with elaborating the linguistic history of the region. He and Nathan Badenoch are working on a group of small and endangered languages spoken in northern Laos. This interview arises out of an exchange on this project and other work related to it during Prof Diffloth’s recent stay as a Visiting Scholar at CSEAS." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
Bei den Schrebergärten
<3 - ma∟ıĸ
Bei den Schrebergärten 2
Bei den Schrebergärten 3
Main bei Frickenhausen
Frickenhausen am Main
Show all
Fwd: The History Of The English Language In One Chart via Sean McBride
Fwd: The History Of The English Language In One Chart via Sean McBride
this diagram is confusing me. - kendrak
Django Reinhardt Demonstrates His Guitar Genius in Rare Footage From the 1930s, 40s & 50s | Open Culture -
"In one of my favorite Woody Allen films, Sweet and Lowdown, Sean Penn plays Emmett Ray, a fictional jazz guitarist who embodies the titular qualities in equally great measure. “Already considered peerless among American jazz guitarists,” Ray admits of only one rival—Parisian gypsy guitarist Django Reinhardt, whom Emmett worships, obviously patterns himself after, and can’t stand to see in person without fainting dead away. Where Ray is a tremendously convincing creation of Allen and Penn, Reinhardt was very much a real musician, and was indeed the reigning king of jazz guitar from the 1930s to the 50s. Reinhardt’s incredible skill is all the more impressive considering he only had use of three fingers on his left hand due to injuries sustained in a caravan fire in 1928." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
A Calendar Page for October 2014
"While the summer growing season may be over, the agricultural labours are by no means at and end, as these calendar pages for the month of October display. On the opening folio is a roundel miniature of a man scattering grain in a plowed field. Behind him are some turreted buildings and a bridge, while above, some hopeful birds are circling. On the facing folio is a small painting of an ominous-looking scorpion, for the zodiac sign Scorpio. Below, a tired man is heading home from his labours in the field, carrying a bag on his shoulders. His dog is bounding before him, and swans can be seen swimming in the river beside." - Maitani
Brugmansia 29.09.14
çan çiçeği? - yedi
A few weeks ago, during a storm, leaves and blossoms were perforated by hailstones. - Maitani
Big Talk – Futility Closet -
Big Talk – Futility Closet
"“The German long word is not a legitimate construction, but an ignoble artificiality, a sham,” wrote Mark Twain. “Nothing can be gained, no valuable amount of space saved, by jumbling the following words together on a visiting card: ‘Mrs. Smith, widow of the late Commander-in-chief of the Police Department,’ yet a German widow can persuade herself to do it, without much trouble: ‘Mrs.-late-commander-in-chief-of-the-police-department’s-widow-Smith.'” He gives this anecdote in his autobiography:" - Maitani from Bookmarklet
This is funny, but he doesn't (want to?) get how the German language works. The rules of our language allow us to construct these "long words", but we only use these anecdotally or in order to demonstrate the principle of German composition. The "Donaudampfschifffahrtskapitänsmütze" is made up as well. In reality, the majority of our compounds have 2 constituents, whereas 3 are rare and 4 even rarer. - Maitani
Long words are almost always ad-hoc-creations. Only two-constituent compounds have been incorporated into the lexicon (there may be a few exceptions, though I can't come up with any right now). - Maitani
One thing that is gained, is a guide to pronunciation. A space is a pause. No space, no pause. - Eivind from Android
BBC News - Nostalgia for an old-fashioned milk bottle -
BBC News - Nostalgia for an old-fashioned milk bottle
BBC News - Nostalgia for an old-fashioned milk bottle
"The announcement that Dairy Crest's last glass milk bottle plant is to close has prompted a flood of nostalgia for a former staple of the British street." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Travel back in time to a British doorstep in 1975 at, say, 7.30am. There's almost certainly a couple of foil-topped glass milk bottles there. Maybe more. Some of the tops may have been pecked by birds, although if you left a couple of plastic cups out the milkman probably popped those over the top of the bottles to protect them. Then, 94% of milk was put into glass bottles, according to Dairy Crest. By 2012, this was just 4%." - Maitani
My mom was still having milk delivered from a local dairy in 2007. That was pretty cool. :) - Jenny H. from Android
Language Evolution: Twos and Troops: Sifting the Evidence -
Language Evolution: Twos and Troops: Sifting the Evidence
"Jakobson’s remark about a possible connection between Russian čët and četýre is discussed in Blažek (1999: 212-213) and especially in Greenberg (2001). Both authors mention earlier, more sketchy treatments of the problem, and they both add more Slavic material to the Russian words originally listed by Jakobson (which were čët, čëtka ‘even number’, četá ‘pair, union’, and čeť ‘quarter’). Blažek also notes an interesting potential cognate in Ossetian, an Indo-European language spoken in the north-central Caucasus (Ossetian is the only living descendant of the Northeast Iranian languages once spoken by the Scytho-Sarmatian inhabitants of the Eurasian steppe belt). The word in question is cæd ‘pair of oxen yoked together’, as if from Proto-Iranian *čatā (the Digor dialect of Ossetian has preserved a more conservative disyllabic form of the word, cædæ)." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"Blažek does not follow up Jakobson’s suggestion (presumably because he favours a different etymology of ‘four’, proposed by Schmid 1989; see pp. 213, 215, 331 in Blažek’s book). Greenberg, however, regards it as convincing and develops it further. Like Blažek, he considers the predominantly South Slavic *četa ‘troop, military unit’ (hence Serbo-Croatian Četnici ‘Chetniks’) to be part... more... - Maitani
Earth's Water Is Older Than the Sun - D-brief | -
Earth's Water Is Older Than the Sun - D-brief |
"The sun, at 4.6 billion years old, predates all the other bodies in our solar system. But it turns out that much of the water we swim in and drink here on Earth is even older." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"A new model of the chemistry of the early solar system finds that up to half the water now on Earth was inherited from an abundant supply of interstellar ice as our sun formed. That means our solar system’s moisture wasn’t the result of local conditions in the proto-planetary disk, but rather a regular feature of planetary formation — raising hopes that life could indeed exist elsewhere in the universe." - Maitani
Awesome. :) - Jenny H. from Android
1177 B.C., the year civilization did not collapse - The Unz Review -
1177 B.C., the year civilization did not collapse - The Unz Review
"Recently I read Eric Cline’s 1177 B.C.: The Year Civilization Collapsed. It’s a short book. If you are looking to familiarize yourself with the history and culture of the Bronze Age Near East in a format which isn’t a scholarly monograph, this is a good book for that, best read in complement with Robert Drews’ End of the Bronze Age (also see The Coming of the Greeks). If you are looking to understand why the complex of Near Eastern societies, spanning Mycenaean Greece to Babylon and Egypt, went into severe regress in the 12th century, this is not the book. Cline is good at stringing you along, but at the end of the day he doesn’t come to a definitive conclusion." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"And yet civilization did not collapse. It maintained genuine continuity in places such as Egypt and Assyria across the Bronze to Iron Age, and eventually these societies played critical roles in the cultural efflorescence which gave rise to the Axial Age. Arguably 1177 was notable because civilization did not collapse. It seems likely that proto-civilizations did die earlier, lost to... more... - Maitani
Started it this morning :) - Eivind from Android
Wasn't it the sea people ? - Todd Hoff from iPhone
what's the Axial Age? - .mau.
"Axial Age or Axial Period (Ger. Achsenzeit, "axis time") is a term coined by German philosopher Karl Jaspers to describe the period from 800 to 200 BC, during which, according to Jaspers, similar revolutionary thinking appeared in Persia, India, China and the Occident. The period is also sometimes referred to as the Axis Age.[1] Jaspers, in his Vom Ursprung und Ziel der Geschichte (The... more... - Todd Hoff
never heard of it - my knowledge ended with Iron Age. Thanks! - .mau.
Todd :-P (In the last few accounts I've read the Sea Peoples have been viewed more as an effect than a cause. Or at least as a minor cause among many.) - Eivind from Android
I'm not sure if that second paragraph you quoted is supposed to be a summary of the book's conclusions or if those are just Khan's ideas, Maitani. The author thinks collapse is a perfectly fitting term, even though he, of course, acknowledges that there was some continuity: "When the world emerged from the collapse of the Bronze Age, it was indeed a new age, including new opportunities... more... - Eivind from Android
Thank you for citing the author's summary, Eivind. It seems that Khan partly presents his own view (which is interesting and thought-provoking as always) without explicitly sorting it from the author's ideas. - Maitani
I am really looking forward to reading the book. - Maitani
This is basically a summary of the archeological and textual material currently available to Bronze and Iron Age scholars of the extended Middle East. I think it's a good intro to the subject for people with scholarly ambitions (or just people with a fetish for evidence), but I know of more friendly books if one wants a general introduction. That said, I really liked it, but I'm a freak with some prior knowledge :) - Eivind from Android
Also, is it just me or does Khan's knowledge seem a bit dated? I don't really encounter the "Axial Age" much in the recent accounts. - Eivind from Android
Eivind, maybe a few scholars who do comparative religious studies or philosophy of religion still work with that notion, but the idea is certainly not backed by empirical evidence, it is simply wrong, imo. I found this quote in the Wikipedia entry on "Axial Age": "For example, Diarmaid MacCulloch, professor of the history of the church at the University of Oxford, calls the Jaspers... more... - Maitani
According to your description of the book's tenor and main content, it is what I am looking for. I am interested in the period 1) just because I am a freak, too, 2) because I need more scholarly historical background for historical linguistics. :-) - Maitani
"Missing Links" Found Between Birds and Dinosaurs - Scientific American -
"Missing Links" Found Between Birds and Dinosaurs - Scientific American
"Birds didn't evolve in one fell swoop from their dinosaur ancestors, suggests a newly constructed dinosaur family tree showing our feathery friends evolved very gradually, at first." - Maitani from Bookmarklet
"The new pedigree of carnivorous dinosaur evolution is the most comprehensive one ever assembled, the researchers say. The findings show that birdlike features such as wings and feathers developed slowly over tens of millions of years." - Maitani
Other ways to read this feed:Feed readerFacebook