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Taxonomy
Executive functioning in context: Relevance for treatment and monitoring of phenylketonuria. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Executive functioning in context: Relevance for treatment and monitoring of phenylketonuria. Mol Genet Metab. 2013;110 Suppl:S25-30 Authors: Huijbregts SC, Gassió R, Campistol J Abstract This paper presents findings from studies of EF in individuals with early-treated PKU within the context of recent advances in neuropsychological theory and research. It focuses on means of assessment, contexts of assessment, and the best way to define and investigate EF. Several conclusions can be drawn based on the findings presented here. The first conclusion is that there is clear evidence for phenylalanine-related EF-deficits in early-treated PKU, particularly with respect to prepotent response inhibition and the manipulation or monitoring component of working memory. An important note, however, is that measurement of EF in PKU has become too fragmented, as different researchers and clinicians use different definitions of EF, and subsequently, different instruments to measure EF....
Taxonomy
A tiny, new microhylid from Brazil's Atlantic Forest | Serpent Research - http://squamates.blogspot.com/2014...
In the past few years has been an increase in the description of new endemic species of this biome along with the advance of molecular techniques and availability of samples for DNA analysis. Using a more extensive number of samples for molecular and morphological analysis, researchers from the University of ... Gastrophryninae) from the Atlantic Forest of Espírito Santo State, Brazil. ZooKeys, 2014; 428: 109 DOI:10.3897/zookeys.428.7352. Posted just now by John Murphy. 0 ...
Taxonomy
Kulindadromeus zabaikalicus: Feathered Herbivorous Dinosaur Discovered - Sci-News.com - http://news.google.com/news...
Sci-News.com Kulindadromeus zabaikalicus: Feathered Herbivorous Dinosaur Discovered Sci-News.com Dr Pascal Godefroit, a paleontologist with the Royal Belgian Institute of Natural Sciences in Brussels, and his colleagues have discovered the fossilized remains of a feathered plant-eating dinosaur that lived in the lake-dotted lowlands of Jurassic ...
Taxonomy
A tiny new species of frog from Brazil with a heroic name - Phys.org - http://phys.org/news...
More information: Tonini JFR, Forlani MC, de Sá RO (2014) A new species of Chiasmocleis (Microhylidae, Gastrophryninae) from the Atlantic Forest of Espírito Santo State, Brazil. ZooKeys 428: 109132. DOI: 10.3897/zookeys.
Taxonomy
Nitrate and periplasmic nitrate reductases. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Nitrate and periplasmic nitrate reductases. Chem Soc Rev. 2014 Jan 21;43(2):676-706 Authors: Sparacino-Watkins C, Stolz JF, Basu P Abstract The nitrate anion is a simple, abundant and relatively stable species, yet plays a significant role in global cycling of nitrogen, global climate change, and human health. Although it has been known for quite some time that nitrate is an important species environmentally, recent studies have identified potential medical applications. In this respect the nitrate anion remains an enigmatic species that promises to offer exciting science in years to come. Many bacteria readily reduce nitrate to nitrite via nitrate reductases. Classified into three distinct types--periplasmic nitrate reductase (Nap), respiratory nitrate reductase (Nar) and assimilatory nitrate reductase (Nas), they are defined by their cellular location, operon organization and active site structure. Of these, Nap proteins are the focus of this review. Despite...
Taxonomy
Data from: Life history profiles for 27 strepsirrhine primate taxa ... - http://datadryad.org/resourc...
While it is perhaps more difficult to find a specific data point in this table, this version can be imported directly into analysis software for comparison of variables across taxa. ... DOI, http://dx.doi.org/10....
Taxonomy
Organizing a Gender Balanced Conference | Jabberwocky Ecology ... - http://jabberwocky.weecology.org/2014...
So, do I still think organizing a conference that is both strong on research and gender diversity is very doable? Read and find out. But before I give you my thoughts, first, ... They were given detailed instructions about how to generate their list – diverse perspectives on their topic, diversity of taxa/ecosystems, including domestic and international scientists, and a reminder to be aware of the gender ratios of their list. From those lists, Mike and I sat down and constructed ...
Taxonomy
Species New to Science: [Paleontology • 2014] Lyrarapax ... - http://novataxa.blogspot.com/2014...
Peiyun Cong, Xiaoya Ma, Xianguang Hou, Gregory D. Edgecombe & Nicholas J. Strausfeld. 2014. Brain Structure resolves the Segmental Affinity of anomalocaridid Appendages. Nature. doi: dx.doi.org/10.1038/nature13486.
Taxonomy
A Study on Strategic Provisioning of Cloud Computing Services. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
A Study on Strategic Provisioning of Cloud Computing Services. ScientificWorldJournal. 2014;2014:894362 Authors: Whaiduzzaman M, Haque MN, Rejaul Karim Chowdhury M, Gani A Abstract Cloud computing is currently emerging as an ever-changing, growing paradigm that models "everything-as-a-service." Virtualised physical resources, infrastructure, and applications are supplied by service provisioning in the cloud. The evolution in the adoption of cloud computing is driven by clear and distinct promising features for both cloud users and cloud providers. However, the increasing number of cloud providers and the variety of service offerings have made it difficult for the customers to choose the best services. By employing successful service provisioning, the essential services required by customers, such as agility and availability, pricing, security and trust, and user metrics can be guaranteed by service provisioning. Hence, continuous service provisioning that satisfies the user...
Taxonomy
A new feathered and four-winged dinosaur « Why Evolution Is True - http://whyevolutionistrue.wordpress.com/2014...
That out of the way, the new species is named Changyuraptor yangi. “Changyu” means “long feather” in Chinese, “raptor” .... insights into dromaeosaurid flight performance. Nature Communications : doi:10.1038/ncomms5382 ...
Taxonomy
Acquired Inheritance? Effects Of Starvation Can Be Passed To Future Generations - Science 2.0 - http://news.google.com/news...
Acquired Inheritance? Effects Of Starvation Can Be Passed To Future Generations Science 2.0 ... Houri-Ze'evi, Sarit Anava, Wee Siong Sho Goh, Sze Yen Kerk, Gregory J. Hannon, Oliver Hobert , Starvation-Induced Transgenerational Inheritance of Small RNAs in C. elegans, DOI: 10.1016/j.cell.2014.06.020. Source: Columbia University Medical Center ... and more »
Taxonomy
New Species of Mite Discovered in Puerto Rico, Named after Jennifer Lopez - Sci-News.com - http://news.google.com/news...
Sci-News.com New Species of Mite Discovered in Puerto Rico, Named after Jennifer Lopez Sci-News.com Scientists led by Dr Vladimir Pešić of the University of Montenegro have discovered a new species of pontarachnid mite in Bajo de Sico – a mesophotic coral reef ecosystem in Mona Passage off Puerto Rico – and named it Litarachna lopezae after the ... and more »
Taxonomy
New Species of Mite Discovered in Puerto Rico, Named after ... - http://www.sci-news.com/biology...
Scientistsdiscovered a new species of mite in Puerto Rico and named it Litarachna lopezae after the famous Puerto Rican singer Jennifer Lopez. ... ZooKeys 425: 89–97; doi: 10.3897/zookeys.425.8110. Published in. Biology.
Taxonomy
Changyuraptor yangi: New Feathered Dinosaur Discovered in China - Sci-News.com - http://news.google.com/news...
Sci-News.com Changyuraptor yangi: New Feathered Dinosaur Discovered in China Sci-News.com Gang Han et al. 2014. A new raptorial dinosaur with exceptionally long feathering provides insights into dromaeosaurid flight performance. Nature Communications 5, article number: 4382; doi: 10.1038/ncomms5382. Published in. Featured · Paleontology. and more »
Taxonomy
The secret life of squirrels in New York City - Phys.org - http://phys.org/news...
Journal of Zoology. doi: 10.1111/jzo.12156. Journal reference: Journal of Zoology · search and more info · website. Provided by Science Network WA .... New mite species from a Caribbean mesophotic coral ecosystem named after J.Lo. 21 hours ago. During a recent survey of organisms collected from Bajo de Sico, a mesophotic coral reef ecosystem in Mona Passage off Puerto Rico, one pontarachnid mite species new to science was discovered. The new species .
Taxonomy
Another lateral temporal fenestra! | The Pterosaur Heresies - http://pterosaurheresies.wordpress.com/2014...
... of millions of years. At this stage in lepidosaurormorph evolution, taxa were just beginning to experiment with the… ... Journal of Vertebrate Paleontology 16(3): 384–395. doi:10.1080/02724634.1996.10011328. Modesto SP ...
Taxonomy
Butterfly collection pinpoints brilliance of mimicry - Phys.org - http://phys.org/news...
DOI: 10.1371/journal.pone.0096815. Journal reference: PLoS ONE · search and more ... New mite species from a Caribbean mesophotic coral ecosystem named after J.Lo. 1 hour ago. During a recent survey of organisms ...
Taxonomy
Chlamydiaceae infections in pig. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Chlamydiaceae infections in pig. Vet Res. 2011;42:29 Authors: Schautteet K, Vanrompay D Abstract Chlamydiaceae are Gram-negative obligate intracellular bacteria. They are responsible for a broad range of diseases in animals and humans. In pigs, Chlamydia suis, Chlamydia abortus, Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamydia psittaci have been isolated. Chlamydiaceae infections in pigs are associated with different pathologies such as conjunctivitis, pneumonia, pericarditis, polyarthritis, polyserositis, pseudo-membranous or necrotizing enteritis, periparturient dysgalactiae syndrome, vaginal discharge, return to oestrus, abortion, mummification, delivery of weak piglets, increased perinatal and neonatal mortality and inferior semen quality, orchitis, epididymitis and urethritis in boars. However, Chlamydiaceae are still considered as non-important pathogens because reports of porcine chlamydiosis are rare. Furthermore, Chlamydiaceae infections are often unnoticed because tests for...
Taxonomy
Avian malaria in New Zealand. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Avian malaria in New Zealand. N Z Vet J. 2014 Jul;62(4):189-98 Authors: Schoener ER, Banda M, Howe L, Castro IC, Alley MR Abstract Avian malaria parasites of the genus Plasmodium have the ability to cause morbidity and mortality in naïve hosts, and their impact on the native biodiversity is potentially serious. Over the last decade, avian malaria has aroused increasing interest as an emerging disease in New Zealand with some endemic avian species, such as the endangered mohua (Mohua ochrocephala), thought to be particularly susceptible. To date, avian malaria parasites have been found in 35 different bird species in New Zealand and have been diagnosed as causing death in threatened species such as dotterel (Charadrius obscurus), South Island saddleback (Philesturnus carunculatus carunculatus), mohua, hihi (Notiomystis cincta) and two species of kiwi (Apteryx spp.). Introduced blackbirds (Turdus merula) have been found to be carriers of at least three strains of...
Taxonomy
The use of low level laser therapy in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders. Review of the literature. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles The use of low level laser therapy in the treatment of temporomandibular joint disorders. Review of the literature. Med Oral Patol Oral Cir Bucal. 2013 Jul;18(4):e603-12 Authors: Herranz-Aparicio J, Vázquez-Delgado E, Arnabat-Domínguez J, España-Tost A, Gay-Escoda C Abstract INTRODUCTION: The temporomandibular disorders (TMDs) have been identified as the most important cause of pain in the facial region. The low level laser therapy (LLLT) has demonstrated to have an analgesic, anti-inflammatory and biostimulating effects. The LLLT is a noninvasive, quick and safe, non-pharmaceutical intervention that may be beneficial for patients with TMDs. However the clinical efficiency of LLLT in the treatment of this kind of disorders is controversial. OBJECTIVES: Literature review in reference to the use of LLLT in the treatment of TMDs, considering the scientific evidence level of the published studies. MATERIAL AND METHODS: A MEDLINE and COCHRANE database search was made for...
Taxonomy
Current status of the genetics and molecular taxonomy of Echinococcus species. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Current status of the genetics and molecular taxonomy of Echinococcus species. Parasitology. 2013 Nov;140(13):1617-23 Authors: McManus DP Abstract The taxonomy of Echinococcus has long been controversial. Based mainly on differences in morphology and host-parasite specificity characteristics, 16 species and 13 subspecies were originally described. Subsequently, most of these taxa were regarded as synonyms for Echinococcus granulosus and only 4 valid species were recognised: E. granulosus; E. multilocularis; E. oligarthrus and E. vogeli. But, over the past 50 years, laboratory and field observations have revealed considerable phenotypic variability between isolates of Echinococcus, particularly those of E. granulosus, which include differences in: morphology in both larval and adult stages, development in vitro and in vivo, host infectivity and specificity, chemical composition, metabolism, proteins and enzymes, pathogenicity and antigenicity. The application of...
Taxonomy
Recent advances in understanding the biology, epidemiology and control of chlamydial infections in koalas. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Recent advances in understanding the biology, epidemiology and control of chlamydial infections in koalas. Vet Microbiol. 2013 Aug 30;165(3-4):214-23 Authors: Polkinghorne A, Hanger J, Timms P Abstract The koala (Phascolarctos cinereus) is recognised as a threatened wildlife species in various parts of Australia. A major contributing factor to the decline and long-term viability of affected populations is disease caused by the obligate intracellular bacteria, Chlamydia. Two chlamydial species infect the koala, Chlamydia pecorum and Chlamydia pneumoniae, and have been reported in nearly all mainland koala populations. Chlamydial infections of koalas are associated with ocular infections leading to blindness and genital tract infections linked to infertility, among other serious clinical manifestations. Diagnosis can be based on clinical presentation alone, however, it is complicated by the observation that many koala chlamydial infections occur with no overt signs of...
Taxonomy
Taxonomy of bacterial fish pathogens. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Taxonomy of bacterial fish pathogens. Vet Res. 2011;42:20 Authors: Austin B Abstract Bacterial taxonomy has progressed from reliance on highly artificial culture-dependent techniques involving the study of phenotype (including morphological, biochemical and physiological data) to the modern applications of molecular biology, most recently 16S rRNA gene sequencing, which gives an insight into evolutionary pathways (= phylogenetics). The latter is applicable to culture-independent approaches, and has led directly to the recognition of new uncultured bacterial groups, i.e. "Candidatus", which have been associated as the cause of some fish diseases, including rainbow trout summer enteritic syndrome. One immediate benefit is that 16S rRNA gene sequencing has led to increased confidence in the accuracy of names allocated to bacterial pathogens. This is in marked contrast to the previous dominance of phenotyping, and identifications, which have been subsequently challenged...
Taxonomy
Clinical questions raised by clinicians at the point of care: a systematic review. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Clinical questions raised by clinicians at the point of care: a systematic review. JAMA Intern Med. 2014 May;174(5):710-8 Authors: Del Fiol G, Workman TE, Gorman PN Abstract IMPORTANCE: In making decisions about patient care, clinicians raise questions and are unable to pursue or find answers to most of them. Unanswered questions may lead to suboptimal patient care decisions. OBJECTIVE: To systematically review studies that examined the questions clinicians raise in the context of patient care decision making. DATA SOURCES: MEDLINE (from 1966), CINAHL (from 1982), and Scopus (from 1947), all through May 26, 2011. STUDY SELECTION Studies that examined questions raised and observed by clinicians (physicians, medical residents, physician assistants, nurse practitioners, nurses, dentists, and care managers) in the context of patient care were independently screened and abstracted by 2 investigators. Of 21,710 citations, 72 met the selection criteria. DATA EXTRACTION AND...
Taxonomy
The changing epitome of species identification - DNA barcoding. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles The changing epitome of species identification - DNA barcoding. Saudi J Biol Sci. 2014 Jul;21(3):204-31 Authors: Ajmal Ali M, Gyulai G, Hidvégi N, Kerti B, Al Hemaid FM, Pandey AK, Lee J Abstract The discipline taxonomy (the science of naming and classifying organisms, the original bioinformatics and a basis for all biology) is fundamentally important in ensuring the quality of life of future human generation on the earth; yet over the past few decades, the teaching and research funding in taxonomy have declined because of its classical way of practice which lead the discipline many a times to a subject of opinion, and this ultimately gave birth to several problems and challenges, and therefore the taxonomist became an endangered race in the era of genomics. Now taxonomy suddenly became fashionable again due to revolutionary approaches in taxonomy called DNA barcoding (a novel technology to provide rapid, accurate, and automated species identifications using short...
Taxonomy
Chlamydial infections of fish: diverse pathogens and emerging causes of disease in aquaculture species. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Chlamydial infections of fish: diverse pathogens and emerging causes of disease in aquaculture species. Vet Microbiol. 2014 Jun 25;171(1-2):258-66 Authors: Stride MC, Polkinghome A, Nowak BF Abstract Chlamydial infections of fish are emerging as an important cause of disease in new and established aquaculture industries. To date, epitheliocystis, a skin and gill disease associated with infection by these obligate intracellular pathogens, has been described in over 90 fish species, including hosts from marine and fresh water environments. Aided by advances in molecular detection and typing, recent years have seen an explosion in the description of these epitheliocystis-related chlamydial pathogens of fish, significantly broadening our knowledge of the genetic diversity of the order Chlamydiales. Remarkably, in most cases, it seems that each new piscine host studied has revealed the presence of a phylogenetically unique and novel chlamydial pathogen, providing...
Taxonomy
The biology and taxonomy of head and body lice--implications for louse-borne disease prevention. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles The biology and taxonomy of head and body lice--implications for louse-borne disease prevention. PLoS Pathog. 2013;9(11):e1003724 Authors: Bonilla DL, Durden LA, Eremeeva ME, Dasch GA PMID: 24244157 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Taxonomy
Some studies on Capillaria philipinensis and its mysterious trip from Philippines to Egypt (review article). - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Some studies on Capillaria philipinensis and its mysterious trip from Philippines to Egypt (review article). J Egypt Soc Parasitol. 2014 Apr;44(1):161-71 Authors: Khalifa R, Othman RA Abstract Capillaria philippinensis is a mysterious parasite and intestinal capillariasis is a mysterious disease. It is now more than half a century since the discovery of the first case in Philippines without answering many questions concerning the parasite's taxonomy, morphology, life cycle, diagnosis, pathology, clinical symptoms, mode of transmission as well as how it was transported to Egypt and how it started to spread and progressed in most Egyptian Governorates; particularly those of Middle Egypt. This article is a trial to overview all these aspects of the parasite. PMID: 24961022 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Taxonomy
Psoriasis vulgaris: an evidence-based guide for primary care. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Psoriasis vulgaris: an evidence-based guide for primary care. J Am Board Fam Med. 2013 Nov-Dec;26(6):787-801 Authors: Kupetsky EA, Keller M Abstract Psoriasis vulgaris is a chronic, sometimes debilitating, inflammatory disorder with multiple pathways of pathogenesis that can be associated with metabolic and cardiovascular disease. This article aims to be a comprehensive, literature-based review of the epidemiology, genetic factors, clinical diagnosis, treatments, and pharmacology for psoriasis as derived from articles published in PubMed. Levels of evidence and recommendations were made according to the strength of recommendation taxonomy. This article is divided into 2 sections: the first is clinical and diagnostic, the second is therapeutic. This review serves as a practical, evidence-based, and unbiased guide for primary care practitioners. PMID: 24204077 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Taxonomy
[Prospect on the investigation of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in China]. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles [Prospect on the investigation of sandflies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in China]. Zhongguo Ji Sheng Chong Xue Yu Ji Sheng Chong Bing Za Zhi. 2013 Aug;31(4):310-4 Authors: Guan LR Abstract Through literature review of the investigations on relevant sandflies (Dipter: Psychodidae) and his personal practical experience over the years, the author raises 5 issues referring to the taxonomy and biology of sandflies, density surveillance, transmission of Leishmania parasites, and their distribution status which need to be further studied, and the author looks forward to an attention from medical entomologists in China. PMID: 24812885 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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