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Taxonomy
The genus Shewanella: from the briny depths below to human pathogen. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles The genus Shewanella: from the briny depths below to human pathogen. Crit Rev Microbiol. 2014 Nov;40(4):293-312 Authors: Janda JM, Abbott SL Abstract The genus Shewanella is currently composed of more than 50 species that inhabit a range of marine environs and ecosystems. Several members of this genus, including S. oneidensis, have been identified that could potentially play key roles in environmental processes such as bioremediation of toxic elements and heavy metals and serving as microbial fuel cells. In contrast to this beneficial role, shewanellae are increasingly being implicated as human pathogens in persons exposed through occupational or recreational activities to marine niches containing shewanellae. Documented illnesses linked to Shewanella include skin and soft tissue infections, bacteremia, and otitis media. At present, it is unclear exactly how many Shewanella species are truly bona fide human pathogens. Recent advances in the taxonomy and phylogenetic...
Taxonomy
Individual and intervention-related factors associated with adherence to home exercise in chronic low back pain: a systematic review. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Individual and intervention-related factors associated with adherence to home exercise in chronic low back pain: a systematic review. Spine J. 2013 Dec;13(12):1940-50 Authors: Beinart NA, Goodchild CE, Weinman JA, Ayis S, Godfrey EL Abstract BACKGROUND CONTEXT: Exercise has been shown to reduce pain and increase function in patients with chronic low back pain. However up to 70% of patients do not engage in prescribed home exercise. Physiotherapists need to understand more about the complex factors influencing patients' adherence to prescribed home exercise to tailor their exercise interventions more effectively and support patients to self-manage. PURPOSE: This review identifies factors associated with adherence to health care practitioner-prescribed home exercise in adults with chronic low back pain. STUDY DESIGN: Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic reviews and Meta-Analyses (PRISMA) guidelines were used for the reporting of this review. PATIENT SAMPLE: We...
Taxonomy
Use of whole genome shotgun metagenomics: a practical guide for the microbiome-minded physician scientist. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Use of whole genome shotgun metagenomics: a practical guide for the microbiome-minded physician scientist. Semin Reprod Med. 2014 Jan;32(1):5-13 Authors: Ma J, Prince A, Aagaard KM Abstract Whole genome shotgun sequencing (WGS) has been increasingly recognized as the most comprehensive and robust approach for metagenomics research. When compared with 16S-based metagenomics, it offers the advantage of identification of species level taxonomy and the estimation of metabolic pathway activities from human and environmental samples. Several large-scale metagenomic projects have been recently conducted or are currently underway utilizing WGS. With the generation of vast amounts of data, the bioinformatics and computational analysis of WGS results become vital for the success of a metagenomics study. However, each step in the WGS data analysis, including metagenome assembly, gene prediction, taxonomy identification, function annotation, and pathway analysis, is complicated...
Taxonomy
The long view: a selective review of 40 years of Newcastle disease research. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles The long view: a selective review of 40 years of Newcastle disease research. Avian Pathol. 2012;41(4):329-35 Authors: Alexander DJ, Aldous EW, Fuller CM Abstract This review is written for the series celebrating the 40th year since the first issue of Avian Pathology. The aim of the authors was to cover the developments in Newcastle disease (ND) research over the last 40 years that they considered significant. During those 40 years there have been several panzootics of this serious disease in poultry and for the last 30 years there has been a continuing panzootic in domestic pigeons, which has spread to wild birds and poultry. The 40-year period began with worldwide outbreaks of severe ND, which served as an important impetus for ND research work. Although early work was concerned with controlling the disease, specifically by improving and developing new vaccines and vaccine regimens, even prior to the 1970s ND virus was seen as a useful laboratory virus for...
Taxonomy
Diversity and ancestry of flatworms infecting blood of nontetrapod craniates "fishes". - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Diversity and ancestry of flatworms infecting blood of nontetrapod craniates "fishes". Adv Parasitol. 2014;85:1-64 Authors: Orélis-Ribeiro R, Arias CR, Halanych KM, Cribb TH, Bullard SA Abstract We herein review all published molecular studies (life history, taxonomy, and phylogeny) and summarize all GenBank sequences and primer sets for the "fish blood flukes". Further, by analysing new and all available sequence data for the partial D1-D2 domains of 28S from 83 blood fluke taxa, we explore the evolutionary expansion of flatworm parasitism in the blood of craniates. Based on this analysis, the blood flukes infecting marine bony fishes (Euteleostei) are monophyletic. The clade comprising the chondrichthyan blood fluke plus the marine euteleost blood flukes is the sister group to tetrapod blood flukes (spirorchiids and schistosomes). The innominate blood fluke cercariae from freshwater gastropods were monophyletic and sister to the clade comprising spirorchiids and...
Taxonomy
Fostering significant learning in graduate nursing education. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Fostering significant learning in graduate nursing education. J Nurs Educ. 2014 Mar;53(3):177-9 Authors: Marrocco GF Abstract Faculty who want to energize graduate students with creative classes that lead to long-lasting learning will benefit by designing course objectives, learning activities, and assessment tools using Fink's taxonomy of significant learning and Wiggins's insights on performance-based or educative assessments. Research shows that course designs relying on content-driven lectures and written examinations do not promote significant learning among adult learners. This article reviews six types of significant learning using Fink's taxonomy and examines Wiggins's "backward" approach to designing courses using performance-based assessments that gauge true learning and learning that promotes a lasting change. When designing courses, educators should ask: "What do I really want students to get out of this course?" The answers will direct the design of...
Taxonomy
Taxonomic re-evaluation of black koji molds. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Taxonomic re-evaluation of black koji molds. Appl Microbiol Biotechnol. 2014 Jan;98(2):555-61 Authors: Hong SB, Yamada O, Samson RA Abstract Black koji molds including its albino mutant, the white koji mold, have been widely used for making the distilled spirit shochu in Northeast Asia because they produce citric acid which prevents undesirable contamination from bacteria. Since Inui reported Aspergillus luchuensis from black koji in Okinawa in 1901, many fungal names associated with black koji molds were reported. However, some species are similar and differentiation between species is difficult. Fungal taxonomists tried to arrange a taxonomic system for black koji molds, but the results were not clear. Recently, multi-locus sequence typing has been successfully used to taxonomy of black Aspergillus. According to β-tubulin and calmodulin gene sequences, black koji molds can be subdivided in three species, A. luchuensis, Aspergillus niger, and Aspergillus tubingensis....
Taxonomy
Paragonimus and paragonimiasis in Vietnam: an update. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Paragonimus and paragonimiasis in Vietnam: an update. Korean J Parasitol. 2013 Dec;51(6):621-7 Authors: Doanh PN, Horii Y, Nawa Y Abstract Paragonimiasis is a food-borne parasitic zoonosis caused by infection with lung flukes of the genus Paragonimus. In Vietnam, research on Paragonimus and paragonimiasis has been conducted in northern and central regions of the country. Using a combination of morphological and molecular methods, 7 Paragonimus species, namely P. heterotremus, P. westermani, P. skrjabini, P. vietnamensis, P. proliferus, P. bangkokenis and P. harinasutai, have been identified in Vietnam. Of these, the first 3, P. heterotremus, P. westermani and P. skrjabini, are known to infect humans in other countries. However, in Vietnam, only P. heterotremus, found in some northern provinces, has been shown to infect humans. Even nowadays, local people in some northern provinces, such as Lai Chau and Yen Bai, are still suffering from P. heterotremus infection. In...
Taxonomy
[The great virus comeback]. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles [The great virus comeback]. Biol Aujourdhui. 2013;207(3):153-68 Authors: Forterre P Abstract Viruses have been considered for a long time as by-products of biological evolution. This view is changing now as a result of several recent discoveries. Viral ecologists have shown that viral particles are the most abundant biological entities on our planet, whereas metagenomic analyses have revealed an unexpected abundance and diversity of viral genes in the biosphere. Comparative genomics have highlighted the uniqueness of viral sequences, in contradiction with the traditional view of viruses as pickpockets of cellular genes. On the contrary, cellular genomes, especially eukaryotic ones, turned out to be full of genes derived from viruses or related elements (plasmids, transposons, retroelements and so on). The discovery of unusual viruses infecting archaea has shown that the viral world is much more diverse than previously thought, ruining the traditional dichotomy between...
Taxonomy
A systematic review of the effectiveness of knowledge translation interventions for chronic noncancer pain management. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles A systematic review of the effectiveness of knowledge translation interventions for chronic noncancer pain management. Pain Res Manag. 2013 Nov-Dec;18(6):e129-41 Authors: Ospina MB, Taenzer P, Rashiq S, MacDermid JC, Carr E, Chojecki D, Harstall C, Henry JL Abstract BACKGROUND: Reliable evidence detailing effective treatments and management practices for chronic noncancer pain exists. However, little is known about which knowledge translation (KT) interventions lead to the uptake of this evidence in practice. OBJECTIVES: To conduct a systematic review of the effectiveness of KT interventions for chronic noncancer pain management. METHODS: Comprehensive searches of electronic databases, the gray literature and manual searches of journals were undertaken. Randomized controlled trials, controlled clinical trials and controlled before-and-after studies of KT interventions were included. Data regarding interventions and primary outcomes were categorized using a standard...
Taxonomy
The impact of IT over five decades - towards the Ambient organization. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles The impact of IT over five decades - towards the Ambient organization. Appl Ergon. 2014 Mar;45(2):188-97 Authors: Bjørn-Andersen N, Raymond B Abstract This contribution to the Ken D. Eason special issue is an illustration of the value of socio-technical analysis applied at an organizational level. We provide a brief historical overview of socio-technical IS research and review studies investigating the impact of IT on organizational structures in the last five decades, identifying a dominating (new) research theme in each decade. A key overall impact of IT in all decades has been a dramatic decrease in transaction costs making it increasingly easier for organizations to source from external providers. A five level taxonomy of sourcing arrangement is developed together with a framework of organizational activities, and a number of significant cases are offered of how organizations are sourcing practically all types of business processes, including innovation. We argue...
Taxonomy
Molecular epidemiology, phylogeny and evolution of dermatophytes. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Molecular epidemiology, phylogeny and evolution of dermatophytes. Infect Genet Evol. 2013 Dec;20:336-51 Authors: Cafarchia C, Iatta R, Latrofa MS, Gräser Y, Otranto D Abstract Dermatophytes are fungi that invade and propagate in the keratinized skin of mammals, including humans, often causing contagious infections. The species of medical concern belong to the genera Microsporum, Trichophyton, Epidermophyton (in their anamorphic state) and Arthroderma (in their telomorphic state), which were traditionally identified based on their morphology and biochemical characters. Nonetheless, limitations linked to the differentiation of closely related agents at species and strains level have been recently overcome by molecular studies. Indeed, an accurate identification of dermatophytes is pivotal for the establishment of effective control and prevention programs as well as for determining the most appropriate and effective antifungal therapies to be applied. This article...
Taxonomy
Molecular pathology and genetics of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumours. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Molecular pathology and genetics of gastrointestinal neuroendocrine tumours. Curr Opin Endocrinol Diabetes Obes. 2014 Feb;21(1):22-7 Authors: Lewis MA, Yao JC Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Neuroendocrine tumours (NETs) of the luminal gastrointestinal tract and pancreas are increasing in incidence and prevalence. Prior assumptions about the benign nature of 'carcinoids' and the clinical importance of distinguishing functional vs. nonfunctional tumours are being overturned through greater understanding of disease behaviour and heterogeneity. This review highlights the most contemporary genetic and molecular insights into gastroenteropancreatic NETs. RECENT FINDINGS: Biomarkers such as neuron-specific enolase or chromogranin A could be supplemented or supplanted by PCR-based analysis of NET genes detectable in the blood transcriptome. Conventional pathology, including Ki67 testing, could be enhanced with immunohistochemistry and exome analysis. Prognostic markers and/or...
Taxonomy
Revision of Acrochordonoposthia Reisinger, 1924 (Rhabditophora, Typhloplanidae, Protoplanellinae) with the description of one new species. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Revision of Acrochordonoposthia Reisinger, 1924 (Rhabditophora, Typhloplanidae, Protoplanellinae) with the description of one new species. Zootaxa. 2014;3790:36-50 Authors: Houben AM, Proesmans W, Bert W, Artois TJ Abstract An overview of the morphology, taxonomy and distribution of all known species of the rhabdocoel taxon Acrochordonoposthia is provided. One new species A. vandeputae n. sp. is described from Graz (Austria). This new species can easily be distinguished from its congeners by the morphology of its copulatory organ, which contains a straight cirrus lined with spines. All species of Acrochordonoposthia are compared with one another, and an updated identification key is provided. PMID: 24869860 [PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
Taxonomy
Threat and error management for anesthesiologists: a predictive risk taxonomy. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Threat and error management for anesthesiologists: a predictive risk taxonomy. Curr Opin Anaesthesiol. 2013 Dec;26(6):707-13 Authors: Ruskin KJ, Stiegler MP, Park K, Guffey P, Kurup V, Chidester T Abstract PURPOSE OF REVIEW: Patient care in the operating room is a dynamic interaction that requires cooperation among team members and reliance upon sophisticated technology. Most human factors research in medicine has been focused on analyzing errors and implementing system-wide changes to prevent them from recurring. We describe a set of techniques that has been used successfully by the aviation industry to analyze errors and adverse events and explain how these techniques can be applied to patient care. RECENT FINDINGS: Threat and error management (TEM) describes adverse events in terms of risks or challenges that are present in an operational environment (threats) and the actions of specific personnel that potentiate or exacerbate those threats (errors). TEM is a...
Taxonomy
Crowdsourcing--harnessing the masses to advance health and medicine, a systematic review. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Crowdsourcing--harnessing the masses to advance health and medicine, a systematic review. J Gen Intern Med. 2014 Jan;29(1):187-203 Authors: Ranard BL, Ha YP, Meisel ZF, Asch DA, Hill SS, Becker LB, Seymour AK, Merchant RM Abstract OBJECTIVE: Crowdsourcing research allows investigators to engage thousands of people to provide either data or data analysis. However, prior work has not documented the use of crowdsourcing in health and medical research. We sought to systematically review the literature to describe the scope of crowdsourcing in health research and to create a taxonomy to characterize past uses of this methodology for health and medical research. DATA SOURCES: PubMed, Embase, and CINAHL through March 2013. STUDY ELIGIBILITY CRITERIA: Primary peer-reviewed literature that used crowdsourcing for health research. STUDY APPRAISAL AND SYNTHESIS METHODS: Two authors independently screened studies and abstracted data, including demographics of the crowd engaged and...
Taxonomy
Towards an Evidence-based Taxonomy of Nonpharmacologic Treatments for ADHD. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Towards an Evidence-based Taxonomy of Nonpharmacologic Treatments for ADHD. Child Adolesc Psychiatr Clin N Am. 2014 Oct;23(4):965-972 Authors: Faraone SV, Antshel KM Abstract We have created an evidence-based guide for clinicians to the relative utility of nonpharmacologic treatments for attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD). This article uses the term evidence-based in the sense applied by the Oxford Center for Evidenced-Based Medicine to help readers understand the degree to which nonpharmacologic treatments are supported by the scientific literature. This article also reviews the magnitude of the treatment effect expressed as the standardized mean difference effect size (also known as Cohen D). It then describes a meta-algorithm to describe how to integrate pharmacologic and nonpharmacologic treatments for ADHD. PMID: 25220096 [PubMed - as supplied by publisher]
Taxonomy
Use and taxonomy of social media in cancer-related research: a systematic review. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Use and taxonomy of social media in cancer-related research: a systematic review. Am J Public Health. 2014 Jul;104(7):e20-37 Authors: Koskan A, Klasko L, Davis SN, Gwede CK, Wells KJ, Kumar A, Lopez N, Meade CD Abstract Little is known about how social media are used in cancer care. We conducted a systematic review of the use and taxonomy of social media in cancer-related studies, in PubMed, Web of Knowledge, CINAHL, and Google Scholar. We located 1350 articles published through October 2013; 69 met study inclusion criteria. Early research (1996-2007) was predominantly descriptive studies of online forums. Later, researchers began analyzing blogs, videos shared on YouTube, and social networking sites. Most studies (n = 62) were descriptive, and only 7 reported intervention studies published since 2010. Future research should include more intervention studies to determine how social media can influence behavior, and more empirical research is needed on how social media...
Taxonomy
A construct divided: prosocial behavior as helping, sharing, and comforting subtypes. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles A construct divided: prosocial behavior as helping, sharing, and comforting subtypes. Front Psychol. 2014;5:958 Authors: Dunfield KA Abstract The development and maintenance of prosocial, other-oriented behaviors has been of considerable recent interest. Though it is clear that prosocial behaviors emerge early and play a uniquely important role in the social lives of humans, there is less consensus regarding the mechanisms that underlie and maintain these fundamental acts. The goal of this paper is to clarify inconsistencies in our understanding of the early emergence and development of prosocial behavior by proposing a taxonomy of prosocial behavior anchored in the social-cognitive constraints that underlie the ability to act on behalf of others. I will argue that within the general domain of prosocial behavior, other-oriented actions can be categorized into three distinct types (helping, sharing, and comforting) that reflect responses to three distinct negative...
Taxonomy
A taxonomy and results from a comprehensive review of 28 maternal health voucher programmes. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles A taxonomy and results from a comprehensive review of 28 maternal health voucher programmes. J Health Popul Nutr. 2013 Dec;31(4 Suppl 2):106-28 Authors: Bellows BW, Conlon CM, Higgs ES, Townsend JW, Nahed MG, Cavanaugh K, Grainger CG, Okal J, Gorter AC Abstract It is increasingly clear that Millennium Development Goal 4 and 5 will not be achieved in many low- and middle-income countries with the weakest gains among the poor. Recognizing that there are large inequalities in reproductive health outcomes, the post-2015 agenda on universal health coverage will likely generate strategies that target resources where maternal and newborn deaths are the highest. In 2012, the United States Agency for International Development convened an Evidence Summit to review the knowledge and gaps on the utilization of financial incentives to enhance the quality and uptake of maternal healthcare. The goal was to provide donors and governments of the low- and middle-income countries with...
Taxonomy
Therapeutic Life Review in Palliative Care: A Systematic Review of Quantitative Evaluations. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Therapeutic Life Review in Palliative Care: A Systematic Review of Quantitative Evaluations. J Pain Symptom Manage. 2014 Sep 24; Authors: Keall RM, Clayton JM, Butow PN Abstract CONTEXT: There is growing interest in providing non-pharmacological treatments, including therapeutic life review interventions, to enhance palliative care patients' existential/spiritual domains OBJECTIVES: To review quantitative evaluations of therapeutic life review interventions to assist palliative care patients with prognoses of six months or less in addressing existential and spiritual domains. METHODS: Comprehensive searches of Pubmed, Medline, Web of Science, CINAHL, Scopus and PsycINFO were undertaken using a validated palliative care search filter in accordance with the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses Statement. Each paper that met the inclusion criteria was read and classified according to the American Heart Association's Disease Management...
Taxonomy
A Taxonomy for Mechanical Ventilation: 10 Fundamental Maxims. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles A Taxonomy for Mechanical Ventilation: 10 Fundamental Maxims. Respir Care. 2014 Aug 12; Authors: Chatburn RL, Khatib ME, Mireles-Cabodevila E Abstract The American Association for Respiratory Care has declared a benchmark for competency in mechanical ventilation that includes the ability to "apply to practice all ventilation modes currently available on all invasive and noninvasive mechanical ventilators." This level of competency presupposes the ability to identify, classify, compare, and contrast all modes of ventilation. Unfortunately, current educational paradigms do not supply the tools to achieve such goals. To fill this gap, we expand and refine a previously described taxonomy for classifying modes of ventilation and explain how it can be understood in terms of 10 fundamental constructs of ventilator technology: (1) defining a breath, (2) defining an assisted breath, (3) specifying the means of assisting breaths based on control variables specified by the...
Taxonomy
Recent advances in our knowledge of Australian anisakid nematodes. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Recent advances in our knowledge of Australian anisakid nematodes. Int J Parasitol Parasites Wildl. 2014 Aug;3(2):178-87 Authors: Shamsi S Abstract Anisakidosis is an emerging infection associated with a wide range of clinical syndromes in humans caused by members of the family Anisakidae. Anisakid nematodes have a cosmopolitan distribution and infect a wide range of invertebrates and vertebrates during their life cycles. Since the first report of these parasites in humans during the early 60s, anisakid nematodes have attracted considerable attention as emerging zoonotic parasites. Along with rapid development of various molecular techniques during last several decades, this has caused a significant change in the taxonomy and systematics of these parasites. However, there are still huge gaps in our knowledge on various aspects of the biology and ecology of anisakid nematodes in Australia. Although the use of advanced morphological and molecular techniques to study...
Taxonomy
From local to global-fifty years of research on Salvia divinorum. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles From local to global-fifty years of research on Salvia divinorum. J Ethnopharmacol. 2014 Feb 3;151(2):768-83 Authors: Casselman I, Nock CJ, Wohlmuth H, Weatherby RP, Heinrich M Abstract ETHNOPHARMACOLOGICAL RELEVANCE: In 1962 ethnopharmacologists, Hofmann and Wasson, undertook an expedition to Oaxaca, Mexico. These two researchers were the first scientists to collect a flowering specimen of Salvia divinorum allowing the identification of this species. While the species' traditional use is confined to a very small region of Mexico, since Hofmann and Wasson's expedition 50 years ago, Salvia divinorum has become globally recognized for its main active constituent, the diterpene salvinorin A, which has a unique effect on human physiology. Salvinorin A is a kappa-opioid agonist and the first reported psychoactive diterpene. METHODS: This review concentrates on the investigation of Salvia divinorum over the last 50 years including ethnobotany, ethnopharmacology, taxonomy,...
Taxonomy
Taxonomy of fungus gnats allied to Neoempheria ferruginea (Brunetti, 1912) (Diptera: Mycetophilidae), with descriptions of 11 new species from Japan and adjacent areas. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Taxonomy of fungus gnats allied to Neoempheria ferruginea (Brunetti, 1912) (Diptera: Mycetophilidae), with descriptions of 11 new species from Japan and adjacent areas. Zootaxa. 2014;3790:139-64 Authors: Sueyoshi M Abstract Specimens of Neoempheria previously considered to be N. ferruginea (Brunetti, 1912) are studied and revised. Eleven new species are described from Japan, Nepal, Philippines, and Thailand; N. biceltisuta sp. n., N. bifurcata sp. n., N. bisecuriata sp. n., N. brevispathulata sp. n., N. carinata sp. n., N. cuneata sp. n., N. dilatata sp. n., N. denticulata sp. n., N. forficulata sp. n., N. latisternata sp. n., and N. muticata sp. n. Neoempheria sakhalinensis Zaitzev, 2001, is recorded from Japan for the first time. Male genitalia of these 12 species are illustrated. A key to the species is provided. A lectotype of Mycomya ferruginea Brunetti, 1912 is designated (deposited in the Zoological Survey of India, Kolkata) and the species redescribed....
Taxonomy
Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus, the causal agent of European ash dieback. - http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed...
Related Articles Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus, the causal agent of European ash dieback. Mol Plant Pathol. 2014 Jan;15(1):5-21 Authors: Gross A, Holdenrieder O, Pautasso M, Queloz V, Sieber TN Abstract UNLABELLED: The ascomycete Hymenoscyphus pseudoalbidus (anamorph Chalara fraxinea) causes a lethal disease known as ash dieback on Fraxinus excelsior and Fraxinus angustifolia in Europe. The pathogen was probably introduced from East Asia and the disease emerged in Poland in the early 1990s; the subsequent epidemic is spreading to the entire native distribution range of the host trees. This pathogen profile represents a comprehensive review of the state of research from the discovery of the pathogen and points out knowledge gaps and research needs. TAXONOMY: Members of the genus Hymenoscyphus (Helotiales, Leotiomycetidae, Leotiomycetes, Ascomycota) are small discomycetes which form their ascomata on dead plant material. A phylogeny based on the internal transcribed spacers (ITSs) of the...
Taxonomy
New Ankylosaur Discovered in New Mexico - Sci-News.com - http://news.google.com/news...
Sci-News.com New Ankylosaur Discovered in New Mexico Sci-News.com 2014. A New Ankylosaurid Dinosaur from the Upper Cretaceous (Kirtlandian) of New Mexico with Implications for Ankylosaurid Diversity in the Upper Cretaceous of Western North America. PLoS ONE 9 (9): e108804; doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0108804. and more »
Taxonomy
Hey, Excuse Me… Is This Guy Boring You? - PLoS Blogs (blog) - http://news.google.com/news...
Hey, Excuse Me… Is This Guy Boring You? PLoS Blogs (blog) Citation: Baalbergen E, Helwerda R, Schelfhorst R, Castillo Cajas RF, van Moorsel CHM, et al. (2014) Predator-Prey Interactions between Shell-Boring Beetle Larvae and Rock-Dwelling Land Snails. PLoS ONE 9(6): e100366. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.
Taxonomy
Contributions on Fauna Europaea: Data papers as innovative model on expert ... - Cordis News - http://news.google.com/news...
Contributions on Fauna Europaea: Data papers as innovative model on expert ... Cordis News Fauna Europaea provides a public web-service with an index of scientific names (including important synonyms) of all living European land and freshwater animals, their geographical distribution at country level, and some additional information ...
Taxonomy
Bahian Mouse-Colored Tapaculo: New Bird Species Discovered in Brazil - Sci-News.com - http://news.google.com/news...
Sci-News.com Bahian Mouse-Colored Tapaculo: New Bird Species Discovered in Brazil Sci-News.com The team chose the scientific name, Scytalopus gonzagai, in honor of Brazilian ornithologist Dr Luiz Antonio Pedreira Gonzaga, who discovered and named two new bird species in southern Bahia during the 1990s. The recommended common name is the ...
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